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  1. The iris as a unique identifier is predicated on the assumption that the iris image does not alter. This does not consider the fact that the iris changes in response to certain external factors including medic...

    Authors: Deborah M Rankin, Bryan W Scotney, Philip J Morrow, Douglas R McDowell and Barbara K Pierscionek

    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2010 3:182

    Content type: Short Report

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  2. Reducing the incidence of Low birth weight (LBW) neonates by at least one third between 2000 and 2010 is one of the major goals of the United Nations resolution "A World Fit for Children". This was a case-cont...

    Authors: Elhassan M Elhassan, Ameer O Abbaker, Abderahuim D Haggaz, Magid S Abubaker and Ishag Adam

    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2010 3:181

    Content type: Short Report

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  3. A number of health benefits including improvements in acid/base balance, bone metabolism, and cardiovascular risk factors have been attributed to the intake of magnesium rich alkaline mineral water. This study...

    Authors: Richard O Day, Winston Liauw, Lynette MR Tozer, Patrick McElduff, Russell J Beckett and Kenneth M Williams

    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2010 3:180

    Content type: Short Report

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  4. The Multiplex Ligation-dependent Probe Amplification (MLPA) is widely used for analysis of copy number variations (CNVs) in single or multiple loci. MLPA is a versatile methodology and important tool in cancer...

    Authors: Kristina Pedersen, Emilia Wiechec, Bo E Madsen, Jens Overgaard and Lise Lotte Hansen

    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2010 3:179

    Content type: Technical Note

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  5. Stable isotope probing (SIP) technique was developed to link function, structure and activity of microbial cultures metabolizing carbon and nitrogen containing substrates to synthesize their biomass. Currently...

    Authors: Ingo Fetzer, Nico Jehmlich, Carsten Vogt, Hans-Hermann Richnow, Jana Seifert, Hauke Harms, Martin von Bergen and Frank Schmidt

    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2010 3:178

    Content type: Correspondence

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  6. Health campaigns are frequently covered by printed media, but coverage is not homogeneous across different types of newspapers. Switzerland as a multilinguistic country with many newspapers offers a good field...

    Authors: Carine F Wang-Buholzer, Marta Lomazzi and Bettina Borisch

    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2010 3:177

    Content type: Short Report

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  7. The prescribing of psychotropic medicines for the paediatric population is rapidly increasing. In attempts to curb the use of psychotropic medicine in the paediatric population, regulatory authorities have iss...

    Authors: Lise Aagaard and Ebba H Hansen

    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2010 3:176

    Content type: Short Report

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  8. Ontology development is a rapidly growing area of research, especially in the life sciences domain. To promote collaboration and interoperability between different projects, the OBO Foundry principles require ...

    Authors: Zuoshuang Xiang, Mélanie Courtot, Ryan R Brinkman, Alan Ruttenberg and Yongqun He

    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2010 3:175

    Content type: Technical Note

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  9. The display of N-glycan carbohydrate structures is an essential part of glycoinformatics. Several tools exist for building such structures graphically, by selecting from a palette of symbols or sugar names, or el...

    Authors: Andrew G McDonald, Keith F Tipton, Corné JM Stroop and Gavin P Davey

    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2010 3:173

    Content type: Technical Note

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  10. The practical and methodological challenges inherent in online behaviour change studies are both novel and complex. We relate our experiences of estimating and managing information technology (IT) research and...

    Authors: Jim McCambridge, Orla O'Donnell, Christine Godfrey, Zarnie Khadjesari, Stuart Linke, Elizabeth Murray and Paul Wallace

    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2010 3:172

    Content type: Short Report

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  11. The development of new microarray technologies makes custom long oligonucleotide arrays affordable for many experimental applications, notably gene expression analyses. Reliable results depend on probe design ...

    Authors: Frédérique Bidard, Sandrine Imbeaud, Nancie Reymond, Olivier Lespinet, Philippe Silar, Corinne Clavé, Hervé Delacroix, Véronique Berteaux-Lecellier and Robert Debuchy

    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2010 3:171

    Content type: Technical Note

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  12. As a first step in determining whether psychogenic stressors might be incorporated into periadolescent mouse models of stress, we evaluated whether a commonly used psychogenic stressor, exposure to red fox uri...

    Authors: Christine H Kapelewski, Jeanette M Bennett, Sonia A Cavigelli and Laura C Klein

    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2010 3:170

    Content type: Short Report

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  13. Diabetic subjects, especially women, show high prevalence of asymptomatic bacteriuria (ASB). The aim of the present study was to evaluate the prevalence of ASB in subjects with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2D) w...

    Authors: Athanasia Papazafiropoulou, Ioannis Daniil, Alexios Sotiropoulos, Eleni Balampani, Anthi Kokolaki, Stavros Bousboulas, Stavroula Konstantopoulou, Eystathios Skliros, Dimitra Petropoulou and Stavros Pappas

    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2010 3:169

    Content type: Short Report

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  14. Fragaria belongs to the Rosaceae, an economically important family that includes a number of important fruit producing genera such as Malus and Prunus. Using genomic sequences from 50 Fragaria fosmids, we have ex...

    Authors: Sook Jung, Ilhyung Cho, Bryon Sosinski, Albert Abbott and Dorrie Main

    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2010 3:168

    Content type: Research article

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  15. Little is known about prognosis of metastatic patients after receiving a first-line treatment and failure. Our group already showed in pre-treated patients enrolled in phase I clinical trials that a performanc...

    Authors: Rhizlane Belbaraka, Olivier Trédan, Isabelle Ray-Coquard, Giselle Chvetzoff, Agathe Bajard, David Pérol, Nabil Ismaili, Mohammed Ismaili, Hassan Errihani, Thomas Bachelot and Paul Rebattu

    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2010 3:164

    Content type: Short Report

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  16. The unbound, free concentration (Bf) of unconjugated bilirubin (UCB), and not the total UCB level, has been shown to correlate with bilirubin cytotoxicity, but the key molecular mechanisms accounting for the toxi...

    Authors: Safarina G Malik, K Astrid Irwanto, J Donald Ostrow and Claudio Tiribelli

    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2010 3:162

    Content type: Short Report

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  17. Acquired hemophilia A (AHA) is a rare bleeding disorder caused by an autoantibody to coagulation factor (F) VIII. It is characterized by soft tissue bleeding in patients without a personal or family history of...

    Authors: Peter Collins, Francesco Baudo, Angela Huth-Kühne, Jørgen Ingerslev, Craig M Kessler, Maria E Mingot Castellano, Midori Shima, Jean St-Louis and Hervé Lévesque

    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2010 3:161

    Content type: Research article

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  18. Empirical support for cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT) for treating Japanese patients with major depression is lacking, therefore, a feasibility study of CBT for depression in Japanese clinical settings is u...

    Authors: Daisuke Fujisawa, Atsuo Nakagawa, Miyuki Tajima, Mitsuhiro Sado, Toshiaki Kikuchi, Motomi Hanaoka and Yutaka Ono

    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2010 3:160

    Content type: Short Report

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  19. The order Carnivora is well represented in India, with 58 of the 250 species found globally, occurring here. However, small carnivores figure very poorly in research and conservation policies in India. This is...

    Authors: Shomita Mukherjee, Ashalakshmi CN, Chandrima Home and Uma Ramakrishnan

    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2010 3:159

    Content type: Short Report

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  20. Antigen stimulation of immune cells triggers Ca2+ entry through Ca2+ release-activated Ca2+ (CRAC) channels, promoting an immune response to pathogens. Defects in a CRAC (Orai) channel in humans gives rise to the...

    Authors: Madeleine G Matias, Kenny M Gomolplitinant, Dorjee G Tamang and Milton H Saier Jr

    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2010 3:158

    Content type: Short Report

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  21. Oral lichen planus (OLP) is a chronic autoimmune disease characterized by multiple clinical presentations and a relatively high prevalence in the population. This retrospective patient record study investigate...

    Authors: Mônica Ghislaine Oliveira Alves, Janete Dias Almeida, Ivan Balducci and Luiz Antonio Guimarães Cabral

    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2010 3:157

    Content type: Short Report

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  22. Fibromyalgia (FM) is characterized by chronic, widespread muscular pain and tenderness and is generally associated with other somatic and psychological symptoms. Further, circulatory levels of proinflammatory ...

    Authors: Maria E Hernandez, Enrique Becerril, Mayra Perez, Philippe Leff, Benito Anton, Sergio Estrada, Iris Estrada, Manuel Sarasa, Enrique Serrano and Lenin Pavon

    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2010 3:156

    Content type: Short Report

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  23. Myeloperoxidase (MPO), an important element of the microbicidal activity of neutrophils, generates hypochlorous acid (HOCl) from H2O2 and chloride, which is released into body fluids. Besides its direct microbici...

    Authors: Svenja Polzer, Melanie van Yperen, Martin Kirst, Birco Schwalbe, Heiner Schaal and Michael Schreiber

    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2010 3:155

    Content type: Short Report

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  24. Diabetes mellitus (DM) is associated with microvascular complications, such as diabetic retinopathy (DR). DR is one of the main causes of visual loss in individuals aged 20-64 years old. This study aims to inv...

    Authors: Irini P Chatziralli, Theodoros N Sergentanis, Petros Keryttopoulos, Nikolaos Vatkalis, Antonis Agorastos and Leonidas Papazisis

    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2010 3:153

    Content type: Short Report

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  25. In the last years, plants are being used for the production of a wide variety of biopharmaceuticals, including cytokines, and have the potential to serve as vehicles for mucosal administration of these molecul...

    Authors: Carla Sánchez-Hernández, Abel Gutiérrez-Ortega, Diana Aguilar-León, Rogelio Hernández-Pando, Miguel Gómez-Lim and Beatriz Gómez-García

    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2010 3:151

    Content type: Short Report

    Published on:

  26. From shotgun libraries used for the genomic sequencing of the phytopathogenic bacterium Xanthomonas axonopodis pv. citri (XAC), clones that were representative of the largest possible number of coding sequences (...

    Authors: Leandro M Moreira, Marcelo L de Laia, Robson F de Souza, Paulo A Zaini, Ana CR da Silva, Aline M da Silva and Jesus A Ferro

    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2010 3:150

    Content type: Technical Note

    Published on:

  27. Disturbances in motor activity pattern are seen in both schizophrenia and depression. However, this activity has rarely been studied objectively. The purpose of the present study has been to study the complexi...

    Authors: Jan O Berle, Erik R Hauge, Ketil J Oedegaard, Fred Holsten and Ole B Fasmer

    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2010 3:149

    Content type: Short Report

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  28. Banana is a nutritionally important crop across tropical and sub-tropical countries in sub-Saharan Africa, Central and South America and Asia. Although cultivars have evolved from diploid, triploid and tetrapl...

    Authors: Robert NG Miller, Marco AN Passos, Natalia NP Menezes, Manoel T Souza Jr, Marcos M do Carmo Costa, Vânia C Rennó Azevedo, Edson P Amorim, Georgios J Pappas Jr and Ana Y Ciampi

    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2010 3:148

    Content type: Short Report

    Published on:

  29. Next-generation sequencing produces high-throughput data, albeit with greater error and shorter reads than traditional Sanger sequencing methods. This complicates the detection of genomic variations, especiall...

    Authors: Hossein Khiabanian, Pieter Van Vlierberghe, Teresa Palomero, Adolfo A Ferrando and Raul Rabadan

    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2010 3:147

    Content type: Technical Note

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  30. Conjugation of small ubiquitin-related modifiers (SUMOs) is a frequent post-translational modification of proteins. SUMOs can also temporally associate with protein-targets via SUMO binding motifs (SBMs). Prot...

    Authors: Sebastian Eilebrecht, Caroline Smet-Nocca, Jean-Michel Wieruszeski and Arndt Benecke

    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2010 3:146

    Content type: Short Report

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  31. Protein-protein interactions (PPIs) are crucial for almost all cellular processes, including metabolic cycles, DNA transcription and replication, and signaling cascades. Given the importance of PPIs, several m...

    Authors: Yanzhi Guo, Menglong Li, Xuemei Pu, Gongbin Li, Xuanmin Guang, Wenjia Xiong and Juan Li

    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2010 3:145

    Content type: Short Report

    Published on:

  32. Inflammation and its associated pathologies are increasingly suggested as risk factors for colorectal cancer (CRC) development. Previous research from our group has shown that increased levels of circulating, ...

    Authors: Kathryn E Hamilton, P Kay Lund, Joseph A Galanko, Robert S Sandler and Temitope O Keku

    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2010 3:144

    Content type: Short Report

    Published on:

  33. Distribution of malaria and intestinal helminths is known to overlap in developing tropical countries of the world. Co-infections with helminth and malaria parasites cause a significant and additive problem ag...

    Authors: Abraham Degarege, Abebe Animut, Mengistu Legesse and Berhanu Erko

    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2010 3:143

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  34. Understanding gene expression and regulation is essential for understanding biological mechanisms. Because gene expression profiling has been widely used in basic biological research, especially in transcripti...

    Authors: Tao Huang, Lei Liu, Ziliang Qian, Kang Tu, Yixue Li and Lu Xie

    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2010 3:142

    Content type: Technical Note

    Published on:

  35. It was showed that stomatognathic functions correlate with alterations in locomotion, that are detectable through the analysis of loading during walking. For example, subjects with symptoms of Temporomandibula...

    Authors: Simona Tecco, Antonella Polimeni, Matteo Saccucci and Felice Festa

    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2010 3:141

    Content type: Correspondence

    Published on:

  36. In allopolypoid crops, homoeologous genes in different genomes exhibit a very high sequence similarity, especially in the coding regions of genes. This makes it difficult to design genome-specific primers to a...

    Authors: Xiu-Qiang Huang and Anita Brûlé-Babel

    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2010 3:140

    Content type: Technical Note

    Published on:

  37. NruI and Sbo13I are restriction enzyme isoschizomers with the same recognition sequence 5' TCG↓CGA 3' (cleavage as indicated↓). Here we report the cloning of NruI and Sbo13I restriction-modification (R-M) syst...

    Authors: Zhenyu Zhu, Chandra Sekhar Pedamallu, Alexey Fomenkov, Jack Benner and Shuang-yong Xu

    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2010 3:139

    Content type: Research article

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  38. The commercial production of Atlantic halibut (Hippoglossus hippoglossus L.) suffers from a major bottleneck due to the low success of producing juveniles for on-growing. Atlantic halibut females are routinely ha...

    Authors: Maren Mommens, Jorge MO Fernandes, Teshome T Bizuayehu, Sylvie L Bolla, Ian A Johnston and Igor Babiak

    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2010 3:138

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  39. Humans are the only host of polioviruses, thus the prospects of global polio eradication look reasonable. However, individuals with immunodeficiencies were shown to excrete vaccine derived poliovirus for long ...

    Authors: Alexandre Manirakiza, Emmanuella Picard, Richard Ngbale, Didier Menard and Ionela Gouandjika-Vasilache

    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2010 3:136

    Content type: Short Report

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  40. Cyprinids display the most abundant and widespread species among the European freshwater Teleostei and are known to hybridize quite commonly. Nevertheless, a limited number of markers for conducting comparativ...

    Authors: Vincent Dubut, Melthide Sinama, Jean-François Martin, Emese Meglécz, Juliette Fernandez, Rémi Chappaz, André Gilles and Caroline Costedoat

    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2010 3:135

    Content type: Short Report

    Published on:

  41. Human leukocyte antigen (HLA) genes are characterized by high levels of polymorphism and linkage disequilibrium (LD), important characteristics to study the genetic background of human populations and their ge...

    Authors: Paula R Pacheco, Claudia C Branco, Cidália T Gomes, Rita Cabral and Luisa Mota-Vieira

    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2010 3:134

    Content type: Short Report

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  42. Anemia is a health problem among infants and children. It is often associated with a decrease in some trace elements (iron, zinc, copper) and an increase in heavy metals as lead. This study was done to determi...

    Authors: Amal A Hegazy, Manal M Zaher, Manal A Abd el-hafez, Amal A Morsy and Raya A Saleh

    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2010 3:133

    Content type: Short Report

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