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  1. Meta-analysis is a statistical method for combining the results of primary studies. It is often used in systematic reviews and is increasingly a method and topic that appears in student dissertations. MetaLigh...

    Authors: James Thomas, Sergio Graziosi, Steve Higgins, Robert Coe, Carole Torgerson and Mark Newman
    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2012 5:571
  2. Testicular Germ Cell Tumours (TGCT) are the most frequently occurring malignancy in males from 15–45 years of age. They are derived from germ cells unable to undergo physiological maturation, although the gene...

    Authors: Carmela M de Boer, Ronak Eini, Ad M Gillis, Hans Stoop, Leendert HJ Looijenga and Stefan J White
    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2012 5:569
  3. Tobacco use is a serious public health challenge in North Africa, and health professionals play a vital role in tobacco control. In Egypt, limited data are available on the knowledge and attitudes of health ca...

    Authors: Ghada Nasr Radwan, Christopher A Loffredo, Rasha Aziz, Nagah Abdel-Aziz and Nargis Labib
    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2012 5:568
  4. Interest in cellulose degrading enzymes has increased in recent years due to the expansion of the cellulosic biofuel industry. The rumen is a highly adapted environment for the degradation of cellulose and a p...

    Authors: Xia Gong, Robert J Gruninger, Meng Qi, Lyn Paterson, Robert J Forster, Ron M Teather and Tim A McAllister
    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2012 5:566
  5. Malaria and anaemia (Haemoglobin <11 g/dl) remain frequent in tropical regions and are closely associated. Although anaemia aetiologies are known to be multi-factorial, most studies in malaria endemic areas ha...

    Authors: Roger CK Tine, Magatte Ndiaye, Helle Holm Hansson, Cheikh T Ndour, Babacar Faye, Michael Alifrangis, K Sylla, Jean L Ndiaye, Pascal Magnussen, Ib C Bygbjerg and Oumar Gaye
    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2012 5:565
  6. Ulcerative colitis (UC) is uncommon in the tropics and sub-tropics. We report a case of UC in a 7 year old girl whose parents were both Nigerians. This report is to alert healthcare professionals in sub-Sahara...

    Authors: Idowu O Senbanjo, Kazeem A Oshikoya, Charles A Onyekwere, Fatimah B Abdulkareem and Olisamedua F Njokanma
    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2012 5:564
  7. With today’s rapid advances in technology and understanding of disease, more screening and diagnostic tests have become available in a variety of sociodemographic and clinical settings. This analysis quantifie...

    Authors: Tanya GK Bentley, Antonino Catanzaro and Theodore G Ganiats
    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2012 5:563
  8. Infections due to nontyphoidal Salmonella have increased worldwide over the last couple of decades. Salmonella enterica serotype Blockley (Salmonella Blockley) infections is associated with chickens and is a rare...

    Authors: Thandubuhle Gonose, Anthony M Smith, Karen H Keddy, Arvinda Sooka, Victoria Howell, Charlene Ann Jacobs, Sumayya Haffejee and Premi Govender
    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2012 5:562
  9. Clinical complications appear to be a decisive factor for the prognosis of patients. Diabetes is an important complication of cystic fibrosis(CF). In our study we evaluated the association between the IVS4G>T ...

    Authors: Daniela Tenório Furgeri, Fernando Augusto de Lima Marson, Antonio Fernando Ribeiro and Carmen Silvia Bertuzzo
    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2012 5:561
  10. To assess the efficacy, clinical outcomes, visual acuity (VA), incidence of adverse effects, and complications of peripheral iris fixation of 3-piece acrylic IOLs in eyes lacking capsular support. Thirteen pat...

    Authors: Leonardo Garcia-Rojas, Juan Manuel Paulin-Huerta, Eduardo Chavez-Mondragon and Arturo Ramirez-Miranda
    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2012 5:560
  11. Cervical cancer remains a devastating disease in Kenya accounting for more than 2000 deaths each year. Lack of information on cervical cancer prevention and management has been attributed to the apathy among w...

    Authors: Lucy W Kivuti-Bitok, Geoff McDonnell, Ganesh P Pokhariyal and Abdul V Roudsari
    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2012 5:559
  12. The brown mussel Perna perna (Linnaeus, 1758) is a dominant constituent of intertidal communities and a strong invader with multiple non-native populations distributed around the world. In a previous study, two p...

    Authors: Nelson C Coelho, Gerardo I Zardi, Gareth A Pearson, Ester A Serrão and Katy R Nicastro
    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2012 5:558
  13. Microsatellites, or simple sequence repeats (SSRs), are DNA sequences that include tandem copies of specific sequences no longer than six bases. SSRs are ubiquitous in all genomes and highly mutable.

    Authors: Reem Joukhadar and Abdulqader Jighly
    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2012 5:556
  14. Spatial gene expression quantification is required for modeling gene regulation in developing organisms. The fruit fly Drosophila melanogaster is the model system most widely applied for spatial gene expression a...

    Authors: Daniel Botman and Jaap A Kaandorp
    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2012 5:555
  15. Diarrhea caused by Capillaria philippinensis (C. philippinensis) has not been reported in any areas with the exception of Taiwan province in China. We herein report the misdiagnosis and subsequent management of a...

    Authors: Zhigang Fan, Yongdong Huang, Shiyun Qian, Gang Lv, Yiyao Chen, Bo Yang, Saifeng Zhong, Guifen Lin and Guogang Yan
    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2012 5:554
  16. Dislocation remains a difficult problem in total hip arthroplasty. Large-diameter femoral heads may lower the incidence of dislocation by enhancing the jump distance and decreasing impingement, but their perfo...

    Authors: Johannes F Plate, Thorsten M Seyler, D Alex Stroh, Kimona Issa, Michael Akbar and Michael A Mont
    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2012 5:553
  17. Primary myelofibrosis is a myeloproliferative disorder characterized by bone marrow fibrosis, abnormal cytokine expression, splenomegaly and anemia. The activation of JAK2 and the increased levels of circulati...

    Authors: Claudia Colomba, Raffaella Rubino, Lucia Siracusa, Francesco Lalicata, Marcello Trizzino, Lucina Titone and Manlio Tolomeo
    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2012 5:552
  18. Glycodelin is a cell surface glycoprotein offering a unique gender specific carbohydrate configuration. Sialylated carbohydrate structures, which are unusual for mammals, characterize Glycodelin isolated from ...

    Authors: Christoph Scholz, Sabine Heublein, Miriam Lenhard, Klaus Friese, Doris Mayr and Udo Jeschke
    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2012 5:551
  19. Although laparoscopy is rapidly becoming the abdominal surgical modality of choice in adults, there are obstacles to its use in children. We analyzed our experience with pediatric laparoscopic surgery over the...

    Authors: Tariq O Abbas, Ahmed Hayati and Mansour Ali
    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2012 5:550
  20. Hyphema is a complication that can occur after glaucoma filtering surgery. Biomicroscopic examination of the anterior segment is commonly used to diagnose it and gonioscopy may provide a useful support to find...

    Authors: Giuseppe Mannino, Sara Verrilli, Silvia Calafiore, Angela Ciarnella, Alessandro Cutini, Cristina Mannino, Andrea Perdicchi and Santi Maria Recupero
    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2012 5:549
  21. On-line provision of information during the transition phase after treatment carries great promise in meeting shortcomings in post-treatment care for breast cancer survivors and their partners. The objectives ...

    Authors: Evelyn Pauwels, Elke Van Hoof, Caroline Charlier, Lilian Lechner and Ilse De Bourdeaudhuij
    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2012 5:548
  22. The decoction of the aerial parts of Rhynchosia recinosa (A.Rich.) Bak. [Fabaceae] is used in combination with the stem barks of Ozoroa insignis Del. (Anacardiaceae), Maytenus senegalensis (Lam.) Excell. [Celastr...

    Authors: Emmanuel E Haule, Mainen J Moshi, Ramadhani SO Nondo, Dennis T Mwangomo and Rogasian LA Mahunnah
    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2012 5:546
  23. Scar sarcoidosis is a rare and uncommon but specific cutaneous manifestation of sarcoidosis. In general it arises in pre-existing scars deriving from mechanical traumas. As most surgeons dealing with scars mig...

    Authors: Marcel-Philipp Henrichs, Arne Streitbürger, Georg Gosheger, Carsten Surke, Christian Dierkes and Jendrik Hardes
    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2012 5:545
  24. Peripartum cardiomyopathy (PPCM) is a rare cardiac disorder characterized by the development of heart failure in the last month of pregnancy or up to 5 months postpartum in women without other identifiable cau...

    Authors: Wafa A Altuwaijri, Iain DC Kirkpatrick, Davinder S Jassal and Anita Soni
    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2012 5:544
  25. Metabolic and morphological changes associated with excessive abdominal fat, after the introduction of Antiretroviral Therapy, increase the risk of cardiovascular disease in people living with HIV/AIDS(PLWHA)....

    Authors: Aline Francielle Mota Segatto, Ismael Forte Freitas Junior, Vanessa Ribeiro Dos Santos, Kelly Cristina d Lima Ramos Pinto Alves, Dulce Aparecida Barbosa, Alexandre Martins Portelinha Filho and Henrique Luiz Monteiro
    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2012 5:543
  26. Due to ergonomic exposure musicians are at risk of work-related musculoskeletal disorders in the neck, back, and upper extremities. The literature confirms musculoskeletal problems in these anatomic regions am...

    Authors: Helene M Paarup, Jesper Baelum, Claus Manniche, Jonas W Holm and Niels Wedderkopp
    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2012 5:541
  27. Coenzyme Q10 is an essential cofactor in the respiratory chain and serves in its reduced form, ubiquinol, as a potent antioxidant. Studies in vitro and in vivo provide evidence that ubiquinol reduces inflammatory...

    Authors: Alexandra Fischer, Simone Onur, Constance Schmelzer and Frank Döring
    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2012 5:540
  28. Host defence peptides are important components of mammalian innate immunity. We have previously shown that PR-39, a cathelicidin host defence peptide, is an important factor in porcine innate immune mechanisms...

    Authors: Isabel Hennig-Pauka, Rüdiger Koch, Doris Hoeltig, Gerald-F Gerlach, Karl-Heinz Waldmann, Frank Blecha, Carsten Brauer and Hagen Gasse
    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2012 5:539
  29. Early childhood dental caries impacts on the quality of life of children and their families. This study set out to assess the psychometric properties of an oral health related quality of life, OHRQoL, measure,...

    Authors: Ray Masumo, Asgeir Bardsen, Kijakazi Mashoto and Anne Nordrehaug Åstrøm
    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2012 5:538
  30. The role of inflammation and oxidative stress in mild renal impairment in the elderly is not well studied. Accordingly, we aimed at investigating the associations between estimated glomerular filtration rate (...

    Authors: Elisabet Nerpin, Johanna Helmersson-Karlqvist, Ulf Risérus, Johan Sundström, Anders Larsson, Elisabeth Jobs, Samar Basu, Erik Ingelsson and Johan Ärnlöv
    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2012 5:537
  31. The CpxA sensor kinase-CpxR response regulator two-component regulatory system is a sentinel of bacterial envelope integrity. Integrating diverse signals, it can alter the expression of a wide array of compone...

    Authors: Edvin J Thanikkal, Jagadish C K Mangu and Matthew S Francis
    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2012 5:536
  32. Among the working population, unemployed and temporary agency workers with psychological problems are a particularly vulnerable group, at risk for sickness absence and prolonged work disability. There is a nee...

    Authors: Selwin S Audhoe, Jan L Hoving, Karen Nieuwenhuijsen, Judith K Sluiter and Monique HW Frings-Dresen
    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2012 5:535
  33. Heart failure (HF) is a serious complication of acute coronary syndromes (ACS), and is associated with high in-hospital mortality and poor long-term survival. The aims of this study were to describe the clinic...

    Authors: Abdulla Shehab, Bayan Al-Dabbagh, Wael Almahmeed, Nazar Bustani, Nicolaas Nagelkerke, Afzal Yusufali, Adel Wassef, Mohamed Ibrahim and Azan Bin Brek
    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2012 5:534
  34. A higher prevalence of coeliac disease has recently been reported among patients with HCV-related chronic hepatitis. Moreover, development of clinically overt coeliac disease has been described in a number of ...

    Authors: Antonietta Gerarda Gravina, Alessandro Federico, Mario Masarone, Antonio Cuomo, Concetta Tuccillo, Carmelina Loguercio, Marcello Persico and Marco Romano
    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2012 5:533
  35. Pregnancy in adolescents is a worldwide health problem and has been mostly common in poor populations. It is not clear if socioeconomic or biological factors are the main determinants of perinatal adverse outc...

    Authors: João Guilherme Bezerra Alves, Rosangela Meira Rodrigues Cisneiros, Luciana Paula Fernandes Dutra and Renato Américo Pinto
    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2012 5:531
  36. Coiled-coils are found in different proteins like transcription factors, myosin tail domain, tropomyosin, leucine zippers and kinesins. Analysis of various structures containing coiled-coils has revealed the i...

    Authors: Margaret S Sunitha, Anu G Nair, Amol Charya, Kamalakar Jadhav, Sami Mukhopadhyay and Ramanathan Sowdhamini
    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2012 5:530
  37. Highly infectious diseases (HIDs) are defined as being transmissible from person to person, causing life-threatening illnesses and presenting a serious public health hazard. The sampling, handling and transpor...

    Authors: Simon-Djamel Thiberville, Stefan Schilling, Giuseppina De Iaco, Francesco Maria Fusco, Gail Thomson, Helen C Maltezou, Rene Gottschalk, Reinhard H Brodt, Barbara Bannister, Vincenzo Puro, Giuseppe Ippolito and Philippe Brouqui
    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2012 5:527
  38. Tuberculosis (TB) still remains one of the most deadly infectious diseases in the world. Mycobacterium tuberculosis β-ketoacyl-ACP Reductase (MabA) is a member of the fatty acid elongation system type II, providi...

    Authors: Leonardo A Rosado, Rafael Andrade Caceres, Walter Filgueira de Azevedo Jr, Luiz A Basso and Diógenes S Santos
    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2012 5:526
  39. For several decades, overcrowding in emergency departments (EDs) has been intensifying due to the increased number of patients seeking care in EDs. Demand growth is partly due to misuse of EDs by patients who ...

    Authors: Anne-Claire Durand, Sylvie Palazzolo, Nicolas Tanti-Hardouin, Patrick Gerbeaux, Roland Sambuc and Stéphanie Gentile
    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2012 5:525
  40. The Kinetic Simulation Algorithm Ontology (KiSAO) supplies information about existing algorithms available for the simulation of Systems Biology models, their characteristics, parameters and inter-relationship...

    Authors: Anna Zhukova, Richard Adams, Camille Laibe and Nicolas Le Novère
    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2012 5:520
  41. Mode of delivery has been reported to affect the cord blood glucose level of newborns. Vaginally delivered (VD) newborns were found to have relatively increased concentration of cord blood glucose than those d...

    Authors: Mulugeta Melkie, Mahilet Yigeremu, Paulos Nigussie, Tilahun Teka and Samuel Kinde
    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2012 5:519

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