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  1. The bacterium Staphylococcus aureus constitutes one of the most important causes of nosocomial infections. One out of every three individuals naturally carries S. aureus in their anterior nares, and nasal carriag...

    Authors: Georges C Frech, Denton Munns, Robert D Jenison and Brian J Hicke
    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2012 5:430
  2. Subspecies B1 human adenoviruses (HAdV-B1) are prevalent respiratory pathogens. Compared to their species C (HAdV-C) counterparts, relatively little work has been devoted to the characterization of their uniqu...

    Authors: Kathryn M Frietze, Samuel K Campos and Adriana E Kajon
    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2012 5:429
  3. Downstream applications in metabolomics, as well as mathematical modelling, require data in a quantitative format, which may also necessitate the automated and simultaneous quantification of numerous metabolit...

    Authors: Sergio Fructuoso, Ángel Sevilla, Cristina Bernal, Ana Belén Lozano, José Luis Iborra and Manuel Cánovas
    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2012 5:428
  4. Hawthorn is the common name of all plant species in the genus Crataegus, which belongs to the Rosaceae family. Crataegus are considered useful medicinal plants because of their high content of proanthocyanidins (...

    Authors: Afnan Said Zuiter, Jammal Sawwan and Ayed Al Abdallat
    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2012 5:427
  5. Secondary radiation-induced cancers are rare but well-documented as long-term side effects of radiation in large populations of breast cancer survivors. Multiple neoplasms are rare. We report a case of esophag...

    Authors: Soundouss Raissouni, Ferdaous Raissouni, Ghizlane Rais, Meryem Aitelhaj, Siham Lkhoyaali, Rachida Latib, Amina Mohtaram, Fadoua Rais, Hind Mrabti, Nawal Kabbaj, Naima Amrani and Hassan Errihani
    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2012 5:426
  6. The ATP-binding cassette transporter ABCC6 gene is located on chromosome 16 between its two pseudogenes (ABCC6P1 and ABCC6P2). Previously, we have shown that ABCC6P1 is transcribed and affects ABCC6 at the transc...

    Authors: Marianne K Kringen, Camilla Stormo, Runa M Grimholt, Jens P Berg and Armin P Piehler
    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2012 5:425
  7. Opinion leaders are often local individuals with high credibility who can influence other people. Robust effects using opinion leaders in diffusing innovations have been shown in several randomized controlled ...

    Authors: Karin Guldbrandsson, Monica K Nordvik and Sven Bremberg
    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2012 5:424
  8. Plating methods are still the golden standard in microbiology; however, some studies have shown that these techniques can underestimate the microbial concentrations and diversity. A nutrient shock is one of th...

    Authors: Nuno F Azevedo, Sofia M Bragança, Lúcia C Simões, Laura Cerqueira, Carina Almeida, Charles W Keevil and Maria J Vieira
    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2012 5:422
  9. Despite clear emphasis through the Millennium Development Goals, the problem of high maternal mortality persists especially within low and middle income countries. Various studies report remarkably high matern...

    Authors: Ekechi Okereke, Babatunde Ahonsi, Jamilu Tukur, Salisu Mohammed Ishaku and Ayodeji Babatunde Oginni
    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2012 5:421
  10. There is a circadian and circaseptal (weekly) variation in the onset of acute coronary syndrome (ACS). The aim of this study was to elucidate whether the likelihood of ACS among emergency department (ED) chest...

    Authors: Ulf Ekelund, Mahin Akbarzadeh, Ardavan Khoshnood, Jonas Björk and Mattias Ohlsson
    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2012 5:420
  11. Imaging Mass Spectrometry (IMS) provides a means to measure the spatial distribution of biochemical features on the surface of a sectioned tissue sample. IMS datasets are typically huge and visualisation and s...

    Authors: Glenn Stone, David Clifford, Johan OR Gustafsson, Shaun R McColl and Peter Hoffmann
    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2012 5:419
  12. This pilot study ( ID: NCT01507701) assessed the feasibility and safety of clonidine in adolescent chronic fatigue syndrome (CFS). Specifically, we assessed clonidine dosage in relation to a)...

    Authors: Even Fagermoen, Dag Sulheim, Anette Winger, Anders M Andersen, Nils Tore Vethe, J Philip Saul, Erik Thaulow and Vegard Bruun Wyller
    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2012 5:418
  13. Rating scales are valuable tools in suicide research and can also be useful supplements to the clinical interview in suicide risk assessments. This study describes the psychometric properties of a Norwegian la...

    Authors: Bjørn Odd Koldsland, Lars Mehlum, Liv Solrunn Mellesdal, Fredrik A Walby and Lien M Diep
    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2012 5:417
  14. Diagnosis of amoebic liver abscess (ALA) in patients on anti-amoebic drugs is difficult. There is scanty data on this issue using Entamoeba histolytica (E. histolytica) lectin antigen and polymerase chain reactio...

    Authors: Virendra Jaiswal, Ujjala Ghoshal, Sanjay S Baijal, Balraj Mittal, Tapan N Dhole and Uday C Ghoshal
    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2012 5:416
  15. One third of the world’s population is thought to have latent tuberculosis infection (LTBI) with the potential for subsequent reactivation of disease. To better characterize this important population, studies ...

    Authors: Alemnew F Dagnew, Jemal Hussein, Markos Abebe, Martha Zewdie, Adane Mihret, Ahmed Bedru, Menberework Chanyalew, Lawrence Yamuah, Girmay Medhin, Peter Bang, T Mark Doherty, Asrat Hailu and Abraham Aseffa
    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2012 5:415
  16. Recent studies have identified several single-nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) associated with the risk of breast cancer and parity and age at first childbirth are well established and important risk factors fo...

    Authors: Salma Butt, Sophia Harlid, Signe Borgquist, Malin Ivarsson, Göran Landberg, Joakim Dillner, Joyce Carlson and Jonas Manjer
    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2012 5:414
  17. Pharmacies are venues in which patients seek out products and professional advice in order to improve overall health. However, many pharmacies in the United States continue to sell tobacco products, which are ...

    Authors: Danielle M Smith, Andrew J Hyland, Cheryl Rivard, Edward M Bednarczyk, Peter M Brody and James R Marshall
    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2012 5:413
  18. Maternal cardiovascular and pulmonary events during labor and delivery may result in adverse maternal and fetal outcome. Potential etiologies include primary cardiac events, pulmonary embolism, eclampsia, mate...

    Authors: Michelle A O Kinney, Carl H Rose, Kyle D Traynor, Eric Deutsch, Hafsa U Memon, Staci Tanouye, Katherine W Arendt and James R Hebl
    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2012 5:412
  19. Grain legumes play a worldwide role as a source of plant proteins for feed and food. In the model legume Medicago truncatula, the organisation of protein storage vacuoles (PSV) in maturing seeds remains unknown.

    Authors: Mona Abirached-Darmency, Fabrice Dessaint, Emilie Benlicha and Charles Schneider
    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2012 5:409
  20. Jumping from heights is a readily available and lethal method of suicide. This study examined the effectiveness of a minimal structural intervention in preventing suicide jumps at a Swiss general teaching hosp...

    Authors: Andreas Mohl, Niklaus Stulz, Andrea Martin, Franz Eigenmann, Urs Hepp, Jürg Hüsler and Jürg H Beer
    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2012 5:408
  21. This pilot open noncontrolled study was designed to assess the efficacy of intra-articular injections of a solution combining hyaluronic acid (HA) and chondroitin sulphate (CS) in the treatment of outpatients ...

    Authors: Yves Henrotin, Jean-Philippe Hauzeur, Pierre Bruel and Thierry Appelboom
    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2012 5:407
  22. Evidence for the association between Human immunodeficiency virus infection and cervical cancer has been contrasting, with some studies reporting increased risk of cervical cancer among HIV positive women whil...

    Authors: Dismas Matovelo, Moke Magoma, Peter Rambau, Anthony Massinde and Nestory Masalu
    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2012 5:406
  23. Cambodia has been investing in Village Malaria Workers (VMWs) to improve malaria case management in rural areas. This study assessed the quality of the VMWs’ services compared to those by a government-run heal...

    Authors: Sachiko Lim, Junko Yasuoka, Krishna C Poudel, Po Ly, Chea Nguon and Masamine Jimba
    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2012 5:405
  24. Single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) genotyping assays normally give rise to certain percents of no-calls; the problem becomes severe when the target organisms, such as cattle, do not have a high resolution ge...

    Authors: Yining Wang, Zhipeng Cai, Paul Stothard, Steve Moore, Randy Goebel, Lusheng Wang and Guohui Lin
    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2012 5:404
  25. Hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) is a common liver malignancy in Nigeria. Hepatitis B and C viruses, alcohol and Aflatoxin B are among the various aetiologies. More work needs to be done in the search for marker...

    Authors: Olufemi Michael Soyemi, Jesse Abiodun Otegbayo, Samuel Olawale Ola, Adegboyega Akere and Temitope Soyemi
    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2012 5:403
  26. Postnatal regulation of the small intestinal mucus layer is potentially important in the development of adult gut functionality. We hypothesized that the nature of bacterial colonization affects mucus gene reg...

    Authors: Anders Bergström, Matilde B Kristensen, Martin I Bahl, Stine B Metzdorff, Lisbeth N Fink, Hanne Frøkiær and Tine R Licht
    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2012 5:402
  27. Gene expression profiling (GEP) in cells obtained from peripheral blood has shown that this is a very useful approach for biomarker discovery and for studying molecular pathogenesis of prevalent diseases. Whil...

    Authors: Raquel Almansa, Lorenzo Socias, Monica Sanchez-Garcia, Ignacio Martín-Loeches, Milagros del Olmo, David Andaluz-Ojeda, Felipe Bobillo, Lucia Rico, Agueda Herrero, Vicente Roig, C Alicia San-Jose, Sara Rosich, Julia Barbado, Carlos Disdier, Raúl Ortiz de Lejarazu, Maria C Gallegos…
    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2012 5:401
  28. Respiratory disease can impose a significant burden on the health of rural populations. The Saskatchewan Rural Health Study (SRHS) is a new large prospective cohort study of ages 6 and over currently being con...

    Authors: Punam Pahwa, Chandima P Karunanayake, Louise Hagel, Bonnie Janzen, William Pickett, Donna Rennie, Ambikaipakan Senthilselvan, Josh Lawson, Shelley Kirychuk and James Dosman
    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2012 5:400
  29. Brief family intervention may have a positive impact on family caregivers for patients with mental disorders. We assessed the effectiveness of a group psycho-educational program on family caregivers for patien...

    Authors: Ali Navidian, Fatihe Kermansaravi and Shahindokht Navabi Rigi
    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2012 5:399
  30. In overhead sports like volleyball, the onset of a rotator cuff tendinopathy due to functional overload is a common observation. An angiofibroblastic etiopathogenesis has been hypothesized, whereby a greater a...

    Authors: Angela Notarnicola, Francesco Fischetti, Donato Gallone, Lorenzo Moretti, Pasquale Pignataro, Silvio Tafuri and Biagio Moretti
    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2012 5:397
  31. Sickle cell disease is a genetic abnormality involving the haemoglobin. Although, it is primarily a red cell disorders, the white blood cells and platelets are also affected by the mutation. The consequent hae...

    Authors: Akinsegun Akinbami, Adedoyin Dosunmu, Adewumi Adediran, Olajumoke Oshinaike, Phillip Adebola and Olanrewaju Arogundade
    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2012 5:396
  32. The chemotherapeutic agent paclitaxel arrests cell division by binding to the hetero-dimeric protein tubulin. Subtle differences in tubulin sequences, across eukaryotes and among β-tubulin isotypes, can have p...

    Authors: Lalita Das, Bhabatarak Bhattacharya and Gautam Basu
    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2012 5:395
  33. Refugees as “People Living in Highly Stressful Situation” are particularly vulnerable to mental ill-health as a result of the trauma experienced pre- and post-migration. The lack of information on the mental h...

    Authors: Oluwaseun O Akinyemi, Eme T Owoaje, Olusimbo K Ige and Oluwafemi A Popoola
    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2012 5:394
  34. Primary immunodeficiency (PID) is a cluster of serious disorders that requires special alertness on the part of the medical staff for prompt diagnosis and management of the patient. This study explored PID kno...

    Authors: Suleiman Al-Hammadi, Eiman Al-Reyami, Sareea Al-Remeithi, Khawla Al-Zaabi, Rola Al-Zir, Heba Al-Sagban, Taoufik Zoubaidi and Abdul-Kader Souid
    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2012 5:393
  35. Searching for structural motifs across known protein structures can be useful for identifying unrelated proteins with similar function and characterising secondary structures such as β-sheets. This is infeasible ...

    Authors: Hui Kian Ho, Graeme Gange, Michael J Kuiper and Kotagiri Ramamohanarao
    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2012 5:391
  36. The possible role of secretory products of fibrous tissue in the development of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) complicating chronic hepatitis C was investigated. Our hypothesis was that gremlin, secreted by fi...

    Authors: Maha Guimei, Nahed Baddour, Dalal ElKaffash, Laila Abdou and Yousry Taher
    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2012 5:390
  37. The saw-tooth sign was first described by Sanders et al in patients with obstructive sleep apnea syndrome as one cause of extrathoracic central airway obstruction. The mechanism of the saw-tooth sign has not b...

    Authors: Akira Nakajima, Takeshi Saraya, Saori Takata, Haruyuki Ishii, Yoko Nakazato, Hidefumi Takei, Hajime Takizawa and Hajime Goto
    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2012 5:388
  38. Healthcare-associated infections are a major source of morbidity and mortality in the United States. Infection Preventionists (IPs) are healthcare workers tasked at overseeing the prevention and control of the...

    Authors: Timothy Wiemken, Philip M Polgreen, W Paul McKinney, Julio Ramirez, Emily Just and Ruth Carrico
    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2012 5:387
  39. Pre-hypertension is associated with an increased risk of the development of hypertension and subsequent cardiovascular disease and raises mortality risk. The aim of this study was to determine the prevalence o...

    Authors: Karamatollah Rahmanian and Mohammad Shojaie
    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2012 5:386
  40. The 7S globulins are plant seed storage proteins that have been associated with the development of a number of human diseases, including peanut allergy. Immune reactivity to the wheat seed storage protein glob...

    Authors: Adam G Koziol, Evelin Loit, Melissa McNulty, Amanda J MacFarlane, Fraser W Scott and Illimar Altosaar
    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2012 5:385
  41. A 52-year old lady presented for admission with severe depression characterised by suicidal ideation and delusional belief.

    Authors: Priya Gandhi and Amin Muhammad Gadit
    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2012 5:384
  42. A high perioperative inspiratory oxygen fraction (FiO2) may reduce the frequency of surgical site infection. Perioperative atelectasis is caused by absorption, compression and reduced function of surfactant. It i...

    Authors: Anne K Staehr, Christian S Meyhoff, Steen W Henneberg, Poul L Christensen and Lars S Rasmussen
    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2012 5:383
  43. The burden of fevers remains enormous in sub-Saharan Africa. While several efforts at reducing the burden of fevers have been made at the macro level, the relationship between socioeconomic status and fever pr...

    Authors: Jacob Novignon and Justice Nonvignon
    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2012 5:380
  44. Enriching environmental samples to increase the probability of detection has been standard practice throughout the history of microbiology. However, by its very nature, the process of enrichment creates a bias...

    Authors: James B Pettengill, Eugene McAvoy, James R White, Marc Allard, Eric Brown and Andrea Ottesen
    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2012 5:378

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