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  1. The ability to transport and store DNA at room temperature in low volumes has the advantage of optimising cost, time and storage space. Blood spots on adapted filter papers are popular for this, with FTA (Flin...

    Authors: Katie E Fowler, Chris P Reitter, Grant A Walling and Darren K Griffin
    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2012 5:503
  2. Young people between the ages of 15 and 24 years are both the most at risk of HIV and the greatest hope for turning the tide against HIV/AIDS. Although various surveys have been done on sexual behaviour of you...

    Authors: Belaynew Wasie, Yeshambel Belyhun, Beyene Moges and Bemnet Amare
    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2012 5:501
  3. Russell’s viper (Daboia russelli) bites lead to high morbidity and mortality in South Asia. Although variety of clinical manifestations is reported in viper bite victims, myocardial ischemic events are rare.

    Authors: Anjana Silva, Senaka Pilapitiya and Sisira Siribaddana
    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2012 5:500
  4. The biggest barrier to treatment of common mental disorders in primary care settings is low recognition among health care providers. This study attempts to explore the explanatory models of common mental disor...

    Authors: Gracy Andrew, Alex Cohen, Shruti Salgaonkar and Vikram Patel
    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2012 5:499
  5. In 2007, the patient’s right to specialised palliative home care became law in Germany. However, childhood palliative care in territorial states with low patient numbers and long distances requires adapted mod...

    Authors: Kerstin Kremeike, Nina Eulitz, Saskia Jünger, Annette Sander, Max Geraedts and Dirk Reinhardt
    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2012 5:498
  6. Both environmental and genetic factors contribute to individual susceptibility to initiation of substance use and vulnerability to addiction. Determining genetic risk factors can make an important contribution...

    Authors: Laith N AL-Eitan, Saied A Jaradat, Gary K Hulse and Guan K Tay
    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2012 5:497
  7. Pregnancies complicated by pre-existing diabetes mellitus (PDM) are associated with a high rate of adverse outcomes, including an increased miscarriage rate, preterm delivery, preeclampsia, perinatal mortality...

    Authors: Hayfaa A Wahabi, Samia A Esmaeil, Amel Fayed, Ghadeer Al-Shaikh and Rasmieh A Alzeidan
    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2012 5:496
  8. Protein-protein interactions form the core of several biological processes. With protein-protein interfaces being considered as drug targets, studies on their interactions and molecular mechanisms are gaining ...

    Authors: Seema Mishra
    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2012 5:495
  9. Copyright and licensing of scientific data, internationally, are complex and present legal barriers to data sharing, integration and reuse, and therefore restrict the most efficient transfer and discovery of s...

    Authors: Iain Hrynaszkiewicz and Matthew J Cockerill
    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2012 5:494
  10. Reference intervals (RIs) are ranges of upper and lower limits of a given analyte which are used for a laboratory test to determine whether a disease is present or absent or to know if the patient is at risk f...

    Authors: Mulugeta Melkie, Mahilet Yigeremu, Paulos Nigussie, Shawel Asrat, Tatek Gebreegziabher, Tilahun Teka and Samuel Kinde
    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2012 5:493
  11. Overweight and obesity is a growing problem in Ireland. Many parents are unaware when their child is overweight or obese. Our objectives were to examine parents’ perceptions of a healthy diet and their childre...

    Authors: Aisling Flinn, Alan P Macken, Walter Cullen, Des Leddin, Colum Dunne and Clodagh S O’Gorman
    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2012 5:491
  12. There is much concern regarding undisclosed corporate authorship (“ghostwriting”) in the peer-reviewed medical literature. However, there are no studies of how disclosure of ghostwriting alone impacts the perc...

    Authors: Jeffrey R Lacasse, Jonathan Leo, Andrea N Cimino, Kristen F Bean and Melissa Del-Colle
    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2012 5:490
  13. A health demographic surveillance system (HDSS) provides longitudinal data regarding health and demography in countries with coverage error and poor quality data on vital registration systems due to lack of pu...

    Authors: Umesh Raj Aryal, Abhinav Vaidya, Suraj Shakya-Vaidya, Max Petzold and Alexandra Krettek
    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2012 5:489
  14. Varicose veins are a common entity presenting a worldwide distribution. Although they are usually benign, sometimes are proved to be a threatening condition. Massive hemorrhage is an unusual complication of th...

    Authors: Kleio Fragkouli, Antigoni Mitselou, Vassiliki A Boumba, George Siozios, George T Vougiouklakis and Theodore Vougiouklakis
    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2012 5:488
  15. Nucleic acid amplification tests (NAATs) have offered hope for rapid diagnosis of tuberculosis (TB). However, their efficiency with smear-negative samples has not been widely studied in low income settings. He...

    Authors: Lydia Nakiyingi, David P Kateete, Ponsiano Ocama, William Worodria, Joseph B Sempa, Benon B Asiimwe, Fred A Katabazi, Achilles Katamba, Laurence Huang, Moses L Joloba and Harriet Mayanja-Kizza
    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2012 5:487
  16. Although it is taken for granted that history-taking and communication skills are learnable, this learning process should be confirmed by rigorous studies, such as randomized pre- and post-comparisons. The pur...

    Authors: Anne Simmenroth-Nayda, Cora Weiss, Thomas Fischer and Wolfgang Himmel
    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2012 5:486
  17. The flavonoid pathway is a long-standing and important tool for plant genetics, biochemistry, and molecular biology. Numerous flavonoid mutants have been identified in Arabidopsis over the past several decades in...

    Authors: Peter A Bowerman, Melissa V Ramirez, Michelle B Price, Richard F Helm and Brenda SJ Winkel
    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2012 5:485
  18. Respiratory syncytial virus (RSV) is a leading cause of lower respiratory tract infections (LRTIs) in children globally. Predisposing conditions for the development of serious RSV disease include preterm infan...

    Authors: Tatyana V Turti, Elena N Baibarina, Elena A Degtiareva, Elena S Keshishyan, Yurii V Lobzin, Leyla S Namazova-Вaranova, Andrey P Prodeus, Konstantin M Gudkov, Anna I Kruglova, Gregory A Schulz and Gerard F Notario
    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2012 5:484
  19. In 2009, a novel influenza A/H1N1 virus (H1N1pdm) quickly spread worldwide and co-circulated with then-existing seasonal H1N1 virus (sH1N1). Distinguishing between these 2 viruses was necessary to better chara...

    Authors: Yoshihiro Kaku, Akira Noguchi, Akiko Okutani, Satoshi Inoue, Kiyoshi Tanabayashi, Yoshie Yamamoto, Akitoyo Hotta, Michio Suzuki, Naoko Sugiura and Akio Yamada
    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2012 5:483
  20. Although first-line therapy for patients affected by advanced mesothelioma is well established, there is a lack of data regarding the impact of second-line treatment.

    Authors: Alessandra Bearz, Renato Talamini, Gilda Rossoni, Antonio Santo, Vincenzo de Pangher, Gianpiero Fasola, Francesco Rosetti, Adolfo Favaretto, Vanesa Gregorc, Massimiliano Berretta, Sandra Santarossa, Eleonora Berto and Umberto Tirelli
    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2012 5:482
  21. Intestinal malrotation is an incomplete rotation of the intestine. Failure to rotate leads to abnormalities in intestinal positioning and attachment that leave obstructing bands across the duodenum and a narro...

    Authors: Takuma Matsuki, Akimune Kaga, Susumu Kanda, Yutaka Suzuki, Muneyuki Tanabu and Naoya Sawa
    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2012 5:481
  22. The present study sought to determine if subjects who had consumed coffee before performing a simulated computer office-work task found to provoke pain in the neck and shoulders and forearms and wrists exhibit...

    Authors: Vegard Strøm, Cecilie Røe and Stein Knardahl
    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2012 5:480
  23. The wild boar (Sus scrofa) is among the most widespread mammal species throughout the old world. Presently, studies concerning microsatellites in domestic pigs and wild boars have been carried out in order to inv...

    Authors: Vânia Costa, Javier Pérez-González, Pedro Santos, Pedro Fernández-Llario, Juan Carranza, Attila Zsolnai, István Anton, József Buzgó, Gyula Varga, Nuno Monteiro and Albano Beja-Pereira
    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2012 5:479
  24. Viral infections during pregnancy can pose serious threats to mother and fetus from the time of conception to the time of delivery. These lead to congenital defects, spontaneous abortion and even death. The de...

    Authors: Joseph Humphrey Kofi Bonney, Robert A Kwame-Aryee, Samuel Obed, Ama Asantewa Tamatey, Jacob Samson Barnor, Naa Baake Armah, Samuel Antwi Oppong and Mubarak Osei-Kwesi
    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2012 5:478
  25. Cell-free fetal DNA (cffDNA) can be detected in maternal blood during pregnancy, opening the possibility of early non-invasive prenatal diagnosis for a variety of genetic conditions. Since 1997, many studies h...

    Authors: Caroline F Wright, Yinghui Wei, Julian PT Higgins and Gurdeep S Sagoo
    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2012 5:476
  26. Hypertension is common among persons with type 2 diabetes. The aim of this study was to analyze the association between ethnicity and hypertension prevalence after adjusting for age, sex, Hba1c, total choleste...

    Authors: Marina Taloyan, Nuha Saleh-Stattin, Sven-Erik Johansson, Lars Agréus and Per Wändell
    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2012 5:474
  27. To facilitate the use of automated databases for studies of sudden cardiac death, we previously developed a computerized case definition that had a positive predictive value between 86% and 88%. However, the d...

    Authors: Vivian K Kawai, Katherine T Murray, C Michael Stein, William O Cooper, David J Graham, Kathi Hall and Wayne A Ray
    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2012 5:473
  28. Envenoming by south Asian hump-nosed pit vipers (Genus: Hypnale) is a significant health issue in Sri Lanka and in peninsular India. Bites by these snakes frequently lead to local envenoming, coagulopathy and acu...

    Authors: Anjana Silva, Panduka Gunawardena, Danister Weilgama, Kalana Maduwage and Indika Gawarammana
    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2012 5:471
  29. Macro and micro nutrient deficiencies are public health concerns in most developing countries including Sri Lanka, partly due to monotonous, cereal-based diet that lacks diversity. The objective of the study w...

    Authors: Kumari Malkanthi Rathnayake, PAE Madushani and KDRR Silva
    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2012 5:469
  30. Adverse events are unintended patient injuries that arise from healthcare management resulting in disability, prolonged hospital stay or death. Adverse events that require intensive care admission imply a cons...

    Authors: Annemie Vlayen, Kristel Marquet, Ward Schrooten, Arthur Vleugels, Johan Hellings, Elke De Troy, Frank Weekers and Neree Claes
    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2012 5:468
  31. To unfold specific-mutational patterns in TP53 gene due to exposures to war environmental hazards and to detect the association of TP53 gene alteration with the depth of bladder cancer.

    Authors: Thekra A Al-Kashwan, Massoud Houshmand, Asaad Al-Janabi, Alice K Melconian, Dhafir Al-Abbasi, Muhammad N Al-Musawi, Maryam Rostami and Akeel A Yasseen
    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2012 5:466
  32. Human cutaneous anthrax results from skin exposure to B. anthracis, primarily due to occupational exposure. Bangladesh has experienced a number of outbreaks of cutaneous anthrax in recent years. The last episode ...

    Authors: Muhammad Afsar Siddiqui, Md Azraf Hossain Khan, Sk Shamim Ahmed, Kazi Selim Anwar, Shaikh Md Akhtaruzzaman and Md Abdus Salam
    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2012 5:464
  33. Interposition of a reversed jejunal loop in short bowel sydrome has previously been investigated in human along with animal models and seemed able to facilitate intestinal adaptation. However, it is unclear if...

    Authors: Michail Papamichail, Michail Digalakis, Prigouris Panagiotis, Odysseas Paisios, Soyltana Loti and Theodoros Sergentanis
    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2012 5:463
  34. Drug-resistant TB has emerged as a major challenge facing TB prevention and control efforts. In Ethiopia, the extent/trend of drug resistance TB is not well known. The aim of this study was to determine the pa...

    Authors: Dereje Abate, Bineyam Taye, Mohammed Abseno and Sibhatu Biadgilign
    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2012 5:462
  35. Pathogenesis of inflammatory bowel diseases (IBD), ulcerative colitis (UC) and Crohn’s disease (CD), involves interaction between environmental factors and inappropriate immune responses in the intestine of ge...

    Authors: Ragam Attinkara, Jessica Mwinyi, Kaspar Truninger, Jaroslaw Regula, Pawel Gaj, Gerhard Rogler, Gerd A Kullak-Ublick and Jyrki J Eloranta
    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2012 5:461
  36. Classification is difficult for shotgun metagenomics data from environments such as soils, where the diversity of sequences is high and where reference sequences from close relatives may not exist. Approaches ...

    Authors: Joel Berendzen, William J Bruno, Judith D Cohn, Nicolas W Hengartner, Cheryl R Kuske, Benjamin H McMahon, Murray A Wolinsky and Gary Xie
    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2012 5:460
  37. Cerebrospinal fluid leaks (CSF) result from an abnormal communication between the subarachnoid space and the extracranial space. Approximately 90% of CSF leak at the anterior skull base manifests as rhinorrhea...

    Authors: Carlos Martín-Martín, Gabriel Martínez-Capoccioni, Ramón Serramito-García and Federico Espinosa-Restrepo
    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2012 5:459
  38. Patients have to travel long distances to undergo hemodialysis (HD) in some regions. We aimed to search for an association of the distance between patients’ residence and the dialysis unit with quality of life...

    Authors: Paulo Roberto Santos and Francisco Plácido Nogueira Arcanjo
    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2012 5:458
  39. The aim of this study was to investigate the effect of various classes of clinically relevant antibiotics at sub-lethal concentrations on virulence gene expression and biofilm formation in Staphylococcus aureus.

    Authors: Lene N Nielsen, Michael Roggenbuck, Jakob Haaber, Dan Ifrah and Hanne Ingmer
    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2012 5:457
  40. To evaluate institutional nursing care performance in the context of national comparative statistics (benchmarks), approximately one in every three major healthcare institutions (over 1,800 hospitals) across t...

    Authors: Qingjiang Hou, Brandon Crosser, Jonathan D Mahnken, Byron J Gajewski and Nancy Dunton
    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2012 5:456
  41. Odontogenic tumors are lesions that are derived from remnants of the components of the developing tooth germ. The calcifying cystic odontogenic tumor or calcifying odontogenic cyst is a benign cystic neoplasm ...

    Authors: Ana Paula de Lima, Dárcio Kitakawa, Janete Dias Almeida, Adriana Aigotti Haberbeck Brandão and Ana Lia Anbinder
    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2012 5:455
  42. Herpes Simplex Virus Type 2 (HSV-2) is highly prevalent in regions disproportionately affected by the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV-1) epidemic. The objective of our study was to identify the risk factors ...

    Authors: Musie Ghebremichael, Desale Habtzgi and Elijah Paintsil
    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2012 5:451

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