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  1. Country by country similarities and differences in physical therapy practice exists. Therefore, before updates in practice can be provided, such as trainings in evidence-based practice, it is necessary to iden...

    Authors: Janine Margarita R Dizon, Karen Grimmer-Somers and Saravana Kumar

    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2011 4:362

    Content type: Short Report

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  2. There is increasing use of non-traditional methods like problem-based learning, team-working and several other active-learning techniques in Physiology teaching. While several studies have investigated the imp...

    Authors: Beatriz Gal, Ignacio Busturia and Concepción Garrido

    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2011 4:360

    Content type: Research article

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  3. The World Health Organization recommends that malaria treatment should begin with parasitological diagnosis. This will help to control misuse of anti-malarial drugs in areas with low transmission. The present ...

    Authors: Humphrey D Mazigo, Wilfred Meza, Emanuella E Ambrose, Benson R Kidenya and Eliningaya J Kweka

    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2011 4:359

    Content type: Short Report

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  4. Culex quinquefasciatus (Say) is a major species in the Culex pipiens complex and an important vector for several human pathogens including West Nile virus and parasitic filarial nematodes causing lymphatic filari...

    Authors: Paul V Hickner, Becky deBruyn, Diane D Lovin, Akio Mori, Christopher A Saski and David W Severson

    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2011 4:358

    Content type: Short Report

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  5. Little is known about interactions between filamentous heterotrophs and filamentous cyanobacteria. Here, interactions between the filamentous heterotrophic bacteria Fibrella aestuarina (strain BUZ 2) and Fibrisom...

    Authors: Miroslav Svercel, Bianca Saladin, Sofia J van Moorsel, Sarah Wolf and Homayoun C Bagheri

    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2011 4:357

    Content type: Correspondence

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  6. Ricinus communis is an industrially important non-edible oil seed crop, native to tropical and subtropical regions of the world. Although, R. communis genome was assembled in 4X draft by JCVI, and is predicted to...

    Authors: Shalabh Thakur, Sanjay Jha and Bharat B Chattoo

    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2011 4:356

    Content type: Data Note

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  7. Sodium absorption by semicircular canal duct (SCCD) epithelial cells is thought to contribute to the homeostasis of the volume of vestibular endolymph. It was previously shown that the epithelial cells could a...

    Authors: Muneharu Yamazaki, Tao Wu, Satyanarayana R Pondugula, Donald G Harbidge and Daniel C Marcus

    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2011 4:355

    Content type: Research article

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  8. The AAP recommends that a follow-up skeletal survey be obtained for all children < 24 months of age who are strongly suspected to be victims of abuse. The objective of the current study was to evaluate the uti...

    Authors: Berkeley L Bennett, Michael S Chua, Marguerite Care, Andrea Kachelmeyer and Melinda Mahabee-Gittens

    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2011 4:354

    Content type: Research article

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  9. Physical inactivity is considered to be the strongest individual risk factor for poor health in Sweden. It has been shown that increased physical activity can reduce hypertension and the risk of developing car...

    Authors: Mats Sjöling, Kristina Lundberg, Erling Englund, Anton Westman and Miek C Jong

    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2011 4:352

    Content type: Research article

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  10. There are numerous reports linking Chlamydia infection to human coronary atherosclerosis. However, there is a lack of data regarding this correlation in dogs and cats, and there are no reports investigating coron...

    Authors: Ivan C Sostaric-Zuckermann, Nicole Borel, Carmen Kaiser, Zeljko Grabarevic and Andreas Pospischil

    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2011 4:350

    Content type: Research article

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  11. Neuroimaging researchers have developed rigorous community data and metadata standards that encourage meta-analysis as a method for establishing robust and meaningful convergence of knowledge of human brain st...

    Authors: Angela R Laird, Simon B Eickhoff, P Mickle Fox, Angela M Uecker, Kimberly L Ray, Juan J Saenz Jr, D Reese McKay, Danilo Bzdok, Robert W Laird, Jennifer L Robinson, Jessica A Turner, Peter E Turkeltaub, Jack L Lancaster and Peter T Fox

    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2011 4:349

    Content type: Technical Note

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  12. Craniosynostosis (CSS) results from the premature closure of one or more cranial sutures, leading to deformed calvaria at birth. It is a common finding in children with an incidence of one in 2000 births. Surg...

    Authors: Olugbenga A Akingbola, Dinesh Singh, Sudesh K Srivastav, John W Walsh, David A Jansen and Edwin M Frieberg

    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2011 4:347

    Content type: Short Report

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  13. The increasing prevalence of obesity is a significant health threat and a major public health challenge. A critical need exists to develop and evaluate practical methods for the treatment of obesity in the cli...

    Authors: Rebecca L Kesman, Jon O Ebbert, Katherine I Harris and Darrell R Schroeder

    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2011 4:346

    Content type: Short Report

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  14. Sandostatin® LAR® (Novartis Pharma AG) is a long-acting repeatable formulation of the somatostatin analogue octreotide, the safety and efficacy of which has been established through 15 years of clinical experienc...

    Authors: Holger Petersen, Jean-Claude Bizec, Helmut Schuetz and Marie-Laure Delporte

    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2011 4:344

    Content type: Short Report

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  15. This study constitutes a clinical and genetic study of all newborn and stillborn infants with birth defects seen in a period of one year in a medical school hospital located in Brazil. The aims of this study w...

    Authors: Camila Ive Ferreira Oliveira, Antonio Richieri-Costa, Valéria Cristina Carvalho Ferrarese, Denise Cristina Móz Vaz and Agnes Cristina Fett-Conte

    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2011 4:343

    Content type: Research article

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  16. Patients with non-alcoholic fatty liver diseases (NAFLD) are recommended to have periodic follow-up exams because these patients are at increased risk of the presence of non-alcoholic steatohepatitis (NASH), w...

    Authors: Hidenori Toyoda, Takashi Kumada, Seiki Kiriyama, Makoto Tanikawa, Yasuhiro Hisanaga, Akira Kanamori and Toshifumi Tada

    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2011 4:341

    Content type: Research article

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  17. Wild peanut species (Arachis spp.) are a rich source of new alleles for peanut improvement. Plant transcriptome analysis under specific experimental conditions helps the understanding of cellular processes relate...

    Authors: Carolina V Morgante, Patricia M Guimarães, Andressa CQ Martins, Ana CG Araújo, Soraya CM Leal-Bertioli, David J Bertioli and Ana CM Brasileiro

    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2011 4:339

    Content type: Research article

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  18. Nowadays, the sequencing of even the largest mammalian genomes has become a question of days with current next-generation sequencing methods. It comes as no surprise that dozens of genome assemblies are releas...

    Authors: Björn Hammesfahr, Florian Odronitz, Marcel Hellkamp and Martin Kollmar

    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2011 4:338

    Content type: Research article

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  19. This is a pilot cross sectional study using both quantitative and qualitative approach towards tutors teaching large classes in private universities in the Klang Valley (comprising Kuala Lumpur, its suburbs, a...

    Authors: Susan Thomas, Shamini Subramaniam, Mathew Abraham, LaySan Too and LooSee Beh

    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2011 4:337

    Content type: Short Report

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  20. ECC remains a problem in both developed and developing countries and ECC has been considered to be present in epidemic proportions in the developing countries. The aetiology and associated factors of ECC shoul...

    Authors: Shanika LM Kumarihamy, Lushanika D Subasinghe, Prasanna Jayasekara, Sanjeewa M Kularatna and Priyaka D Palipana

    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2011 4:336

    Content type: Research article

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  21. Dengue fever is one of the most common tropical diseases worldwide. Early detection of the disease, followed by intravenous fluid therapy in patients with dengue hemorrhagic fever (DHF) or with warning signs o...

    Authors: Alexandre R Marra, Gustavo Faissol Janot de Matos, Renata Donato Janeri, Patricia Sousa Machado, Claudio Schvartsman and Oscar Fernando Pavão dos Santos

    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2011 4:335

    Content type: Project Note

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  22. In the treatment of clavicle fractures, the choice of procedure depends on the possibility of restoring the anatomical functional integrity of the shoulder.

    Authors: Silvana De Giorgi, Angela Notarnicola, Silvio Tafuri, Giuseppe Solarino, Lorenzo Moretti and Biagio Moretti

    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2011 4:333

    Content type: Research article

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  23. Nucleic acid amplification assays including PCR have revolutionized the detection of Mycobacterium tuberculosis (MTB). Tuberculosis spread to almost every organ of the body and is characterized on the basis of lo...

    Authors: Iram Amin, Muhammad Idrees, Zunaira Awan, Muhammad Shahid, Samia Afzal and Abrar Hussain

    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2011 4:332

    Content type: Short Report

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  24. In bioinformatics projects, scientific workflow systems are widely used to manage computational procedures. Full-featured workflow systems have been proposed to fulfil the demand for workflow management. Howev...

    Authors: Hiroyuki Mishima, Kensaku Sasaki, Masahiro Tanaka, Osamu Tatebe and Koh-ichiro Yoshiura

    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2011 4:331

    Content type: Technical Note

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  25. Euglenophyta and Chlorarachniophyta are groups of photosynthetic eukaryotes harboring secondary plastids of distinct green algal origins. Although previous phylogenetic analyses of genes encoding Calvin cycle ...

    Authors: Yi Yang, Shinichiro Maruyama, Hiroyuki Sekimoto, Hidetoshi Sakayama and Hisayoshi Nozaki

    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2011 4:330

    Content type: Research article

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  26. Ischemic stroke caused by infarction in the territory of the posterior cerebral artery (PCA) has not been studied as extensively as infarctions in other vascular territories. This single centre, retrospective ...

    Authors: Adrià Arboix, Guillermo Arbe, Luis García-Eroles, Montserrat Oliveres, Olga Parra and Joan Massons

    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2011 4:329

    Content type: Data Note

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  27. Areas for institutional improvement to enhance patient safety are commonly identified by surveying health care workers' (HCWs) attitudes, values, beliefs, perceptions and assumptions regarding institutional pr...

    Authors: Tita A Listyowardojo, Raoul E Nap and Addie Johnson

    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2011 4:328

    Content type: Short Report

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  28. Tau abnormal hyperphosphorylation and the formation of neurofibrillary tangles in AD brain is the result of upregulation of tau kinases and downregulation of tau phosphatases.

    Authors: José L Vázquez-Higuera, Ignacio Mateo, Pascual Sánchez-Juan, Eloy Rodríguez-Rodríguez, Ana Pozueta, Miguel Calero, José L Dobato, Ana Frank-García, Fernando Valdivieso, José Berciano, Maria J Bullido and Onofre Combarros

    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2011 4:327

    Content type: Research article

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  29. There is limited data on Methicillin resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) in Uganda where, as in most low income countries, the routine use of chromogenic agar for MRSA detection is not affordable. We aimed to ...

    Authors: David P Kateete, Sylvia Namazzi, Moses Okee, Alfred Okeng, Hannington Baluku, Nathan L Musisi, Fred A Katabazi, Moses L Joloba, Robert Ssentongo and Florence C Najjuka

    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2011 4:326

    Content type: Research article

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  30. Streptomyces coelicolor, a model organism of antibiotic producing bacteria, has one of the largest genomes of the bacterial kingdom, including 7825 predicted protein coding genes. A large number of these genes, n...

    Authors: Mohammad Tauqeer Alam, Eriko Takano and Rainer Breitling

    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2011 4:325

    Content type: Research article

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  31. Blood is a convenient sample and increasingly used for quantitative gene expression measurements with a variety of diseases including chronic fatigue syndrome (CFS). Quantitative gene expression measurements r...

    Authors: Virginia R Falkenberg, Toni Whistler, Janna' R Murray, Elizabeth R Unger and Mangalathu S Rajeevan

    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2011 4:324

    Content type: Short Report

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  32. Anderson-Fabry disease (FD) is caused by a deficit of the α-galactosidase A enzyme which leads to the accumulation of complex sphingolipids, especially globotriaosylceramide (Gb3), in all the cells of the body...

    Authors: Caterina Bono, Domenico Nuzzo, Giuseppe Albeggiani, Carmela Zizzo, Daniele Francofonte, Francesco Iemolo, Enzo Sanzaro and Giovanni Duro

    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2011 4:323

    Content type: Short Report

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  33. The current study was undertaken to determine the degree of activation of gallbladder mucosal mast cells, whether mast cell (MC) density or activation differ between patients with and without a positive clinic...

    Authors: Craig A Friesen, Nancy Neilan, James F Daniel, Kim Radford, Jennifer V Schurman, Ding-You Li, Linda Andre, Shawn D St Peter and George W Holcomb III

    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2011 4:322

    Content type: Research article

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  34. Cytochrome P450 enzymes (P450s) have been implicated in insecticide resistance. Anopheles minumus mosquito P450 isoforms CYP6AA3 and CYP6P7 are capable of metabolizing pyrethroid insecticides, however CYP6P8 lack...

    Authors: Panida Lertkiatmongkol, Ekachai Jenwitheesuk and Pornpimol Rongnoparut

    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2011 4:321

    Content type: Short Report

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  35. Heart failure is a critical condition that affects many people and often results from left ventricular dysfunction. Numerous studies investigating this condition have been performed using various model systems...

    Authors: Mallory K Tate, William S Lawrence, Randy L Gourley, Diana L Zavala, Lori E Weaver, Scott T Moen and Johnny W Peterson

    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2011 4:320

    Content type: Technical Note

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  36. Despite available guidelines on hypertension (HTN), use of antihypertensives is variable. This study was designed to ascertain frequency of patients on monotherapy and > 1 antihypertensive therapy and also to ...

    Authors: Aysha Almas, Salik ur Rehman Iqbal, Anabia Ehtamam and Aamir Hameed Khan

    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2011 4:318

    Content type: Research article

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  37. The hierarchical nature of medical education has been thought necessary for the safe care of patients. In this setting, medical students in particular have limited opportunities for experiential learning. We r...

    Authors: Ira L Leeds, Francis X Creighton, Matthew A Wheatley, Jana B Macleod, Jahnavi Srinivasan, Marie P Chery and Viraj A Master

    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2011 4:317

    Content type: Project Note

    Published on:

  38. Pegylated (PEG)-interferon (IFN)-alfa-2a plus ribavirin (RBV) therapy for 24 weeks is now a standard treatment protocol for patients with hepatitis C virus (HCV) genotype 2. As RBV cannot be used in certain si...

    Authors: Reiko Etoh, Fumio Imazeki, Tomoko Kurihara, Kenichi Fukai, Keiichi Fujiwara, Makoto Arai, Tatsuo Kanda, Rintaro Mikata, Yutaka Yonemitsu and Osamu Yokosuka

    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2011 4:316

    Content type: Research article

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  39. To explore any gender-related differences in the prevalence of conditions-associated with non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) among Taiwanese taxi drivers in Taipei, Taiwan.

    Authors: Tao-Hsin Tung, Tsung-Hung Chang, Wei-Hsiu Chiu, Tzu-Han Lin, Hui-Chuan Shih, Ming-Huei Chang and Jorn-Hon Liu

    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2011 4:315

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  40. The practice and research of medicine generates considerable quantities of data and model resources (DMRs). Although in principle biomedical resources are re-usable, in practice few can currently be shared. In...

    Authors: Bernard de Bono, Robert Hoehndorf, Sarala Wimalaratne, George Gkoutos and Pierre Grenon

    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2011 4:313

    Content type: Short Report

    Published on:

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