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  1. To compare an objective with a subjective numeracy assessment for association with self-reported health status, where numeracy refers to “the degree to which individuals have the capacity to access, process, i...

    Authors: Natalie C. Benda, Zihan Yang, Haojia Li, Tianran Zhang and Jessica S. Ancker

    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2021 14:321

    Content type: Research note

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  2. Patients with thalassemia major (TM) have the highest mortality rate due to heart failure induced by myocardial iron overload. However, T2* weighted MR imaging is currently a gold standard approach for measuri...

    Authors: Emad Shiae Ali, Mohamad Amin Bakhshali, Seyed Jafar Shoja Razavi, Hoorak Poorzand and Parvaneh Layegh

    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2021 14:318

    Content type: Data note

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  3. This study examined the effects of two evidence-based practice (EBP) educational programs for postgraduate medical residents on their attitude, behavior, knowledge, outcome, and competencies in EBP.

    Authors: Hassan Goodarzi, Ehsan Teymourzadeh, Siyavash Rahimi and Taha Nasiri

    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2021 14:317

    Content type: Research note

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  4. We investigated the discrepancy between clinical and PCR-based diagnosis of COVID-19. We compared results of ten patients with mild to severe COVID-19. Respiratory samples from all cases were tested on the Roc...

    Authors: Muhammad Zain Mushtaq, Sadia Shakoor, Akbar Kanji, Najma Shaheen, Asghar Nasir, Zeeshan Ansar, Imran Ahmed, Syed Faisal Mahmood, Rumina Hasan and Zahra Hasan

    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2021 14:316

    Content type: Research note

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  5. Breast cancer cell growth and proliferation requires lipids for energy production, cell membrane synthesis, or as signaling molecules. Lipids can be delivered to cells by lipoprotein lipase (LPL), an extracell...

    Authors: Alexandria J. Tobin, Nicholas P. Noel, Sherri L. Christian and Robert J. Brown

    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2021 14:315

    Content type: Research note

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  6. Flathead catfish are rapidly expanding into nonnative waterways throughout the United States. Once established, flathead catfish may cause disruptions to the local ecosystem through consumption and competition...

    Authors: Shannon L. White, Michael S. Eackles, Tyler Wagner, Megan Schall, Geoff Smith, Julian Avery and David C. Kazyak

    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2021 14:314

    Content type: Research note

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  7. Aeromonads cause severe diseases in farmed aquatic organisms. Herein, we examined 28 isolates causing disease in farmed aquatic organisms from India (n = 24) and Taiwan (n = 4) to gain insight of their genotyp...

    Authors: Saurabh Dubey, Biswajit Maiti, Shivani Kallappa Girisha, Rakesh Das, Mustapha Lamkhannat, Stephen Mutoloki, Shih-Chu Chen, Indrani Karunasagar, Øystein Evensen and Hetron M. Munang´andu

    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2021 14:313

    Content type: Research note

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  8. Recent studies have shown that increased dietary inflammatory index (DII) score or consumption of pro-inflammatory foods can lead to increased waist circumference (WC) as well as triglyceride (TG) concentratio...

    Authors: Atefeh Tavakoli, Atieh Mirzababaei, Hanieh Moosavi, Sanaz Mehranfar, Seyed-Ali Keshavarz and Khadijeh Mirzaei

    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2021 14:312

    Content type: Research note

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  9. RNA-binding proteins (RBPs) are important regulators of gene expression that influence mRNA splicing, stability, localization, transport, and translational control. In particular, RBPs play an important role i...

    Authors: Kathrin Spendier, Eugenia C. Olesnicky, Daniel Forand, Margaret Wolf and Darrell J. Killian

    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2021 14:311

    Content type: Research note

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  10. The spheroid model provides a physiological platform to study cancer cell biology and drug sensitivity. Usage of bovine collagen I for spheroid assays is costly especially when experiments are conducted in 24-...

    Authors: Jia Lin Teh, Siti Fairus Abdul Rahman, Gregory Domnic, Lengishwarra Satiyasilan, Nelson Jeng Yeou Chear, Darshan Singh and Nethia Mohana-Kumaran

    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2021 14:310

    Content type: Research note

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  11. Many different genetic variants of proprotein convertase subtilisin kexin 9 (PCSK9) are related to the serum levels of cholesterol and LDL cholesterol (LDL-C). The rs615563 variant of PCSK9 (a gain-of-function...

    Authors: Samira Taghizadeh Jazdani, Hajieh Bibi Shahbazian, Bahman Cheraghian, Mohammad Taha Jalali and Narges Mohammadtaghvaei

    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2021 14:309

    Content type: Research note

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  12. Complex algae are photosynthetic organisms resulting from eukaryote-to-eukaryote endosymbiotic-like interactions. Yet the specific lineages and mechanisms are still under debate. That is why large scale phylog...

    Authors: Mick Van Vlierberghe, Arnaud Di Franco, Hervé Philippe and Denis Baurain

    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2021 14:306

    Content type: Data note

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  13. Navigation is the most important feature of homing pigeons, however no integrated response to genetic mechanism of navigation has been reported. The generated data herein represent whole-genome resequencing da...

    Authors: Ali Esmailizadeh, Hamed Kharrati-Koopaee and Hojjat Assadoullahpour Nanaei

    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2021 14:305

    Content type: Data note

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  14. There have been few descriptions of how outpatient cancer care is provided to patients from culturally and linguistically diverse (CALD) communities. As populations who experience disparities in cancer care ac...

    Authors: Bróna Nic Giolla Easpaig, Yvonne Tran, Teresa Winata, Klay Lamprell, Diana Fajardo Pulido, Gaston Arnolda, Geoff P. Delaney, Winston Liauw, Kylie Smith, Sandra Avery, Kim Rigg, Johanna Westbrook, Ian Olver, David Currow, Afaf Girgis, Jonathan Karnon…

    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2021 14:304

    Content type: Research note

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  15. Type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) is still a challenge for physicians to manage patient’s circumstances. It is assumed that alterations in the normal flora may be involved in the pathogenesis of T2DM through ind...

    Authors: Fatemeh Bootorabi, Farshid Saadat, Reza Falak, Hamed Manouchehri, Reza Changizi, Hasan Mohammadi, Farnaz Safavifar and Mohammad Reza Khorramizadeh

    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2021 14:302

    Content type: Research note

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  16. MPDB 2.0 is built to be the continuation of MPDB 1.0, to serve as a more comprehensive data repertoire for Bangladeshi medicinal plants, and to provide a user-friendly interface for researchers, health practit...

    Authors: Nazmul Hussain, Rony Chanda, Ruhshan Ahmed Abir, Mohsina Akter Mou, Md. Kamrul Hasan and M. Arif Ashraf

    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2021 14:301

    Content type: Research note

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  17. The Hedgehog pathway is a fundamental signaling pathway in organogenesis. The expression patterns of the ligand Sonic Hedgehog (Shh) and key pathway components have been studied in many tissues but direct spatial...

    Authors: Crystal L. Sigulinsky, Xiaodong Li and Edward M. Levine

    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2021 14:300

    Content type: Research note

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  18. The purpose of this study is to examine the prevalence of social needs by English proficiency using data from Northwell Health’s social determinants of health screening program. The screening program evaluates...

    Authors: Austin Fischer, Joseph Conigliaro, Shaun Allicock and Eun Ji Kim

    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2021 14:299

    Content type: Research note

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  19. In present study, the effects of the leaf extract of Pyrus biossieriana Buhse on tert-Butyl hydroperoxide (t-BHP) induced toxicity in the HepG2 cell line were investigated.

    Authors: Hamed Mir, Daniel Elieh Ali Komi, Mahdi Pouramir, Hadi Parsian, Ali Akbar Moghadamnia, Nayer Seyfizadeh and Mostafa Lakzaei

    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2021 14:298

    Content type: Research note

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  20. Shame contains external and internal aspects. However, a Japanese language scale for simultaneously assessing both aspects of shame has not been developed to date. This study aimed to standardize the Japanese ...

    Authors: Yoichi Hiramatsu, Kenichi Asano, Yasuhiro Kotera, Ayumu Endo, Eiji Shimizu and Marcela Matos

    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2021 14:297

    Content type: Research note

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  21. The risk of contracting tuberculosis (TB) and the efficacy of TB therapy are affected by several factors, including genetic variation among populations. In the Indonesian population, data on the genes involved...

    Authors: Melisa Intan Barliana, Arif Satria Wira Kusuma, Widya Norma Insani, Sofa Dewi Alfian, Ajeng Diantini, Mutakin Mutakin, Tina Rostinawati, Herlambang Herlambang, Irma Melyani Puspitasari, Auliya Abdurrohim Suwantika and Rizky Abdulah

    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2021 14:295

    Content type: Research note

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  22. MicroRNAs are known to regulate 60% of genes at post translational level. MicroRNAs including Micro RNA-29 family play a vital role in cellular activities and have validate role in numerous metabolic disorders...

    Authors: Uzair Abbas, Bushra Imdad, Sikander Adil Mughal, Israr Ahmed Baloch, Afshan Mehboob Khan and Durr-e-Sameen Kamran

    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2021 14:294

    Content type: Research note

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  23. The introduction of a new technology has the potential to modify clinical practices, especially if easy to use, reliable and non-invasive. This observational before/after multicenter service evaluation compare...

    Authors: Patrice Forget, Simon Lacroix, Eric P. Deflandre, Anne Pirson, Nicolas Hustinx, Olivier Simonet, Fabrice Wandji, Serge von Montigny and Jibba Amraoui

    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2021 14:293

    Content type: Research note

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  24. In March 2020, Iran tackled the first national wave of COVID-19 that was particularly felt in Mashhad, Iran’s second-most populous city. Accordingly, we performed a spatio-temporal study in this city to invest...

    Authors: Shahab MohammadEbrahimi, Alireza Mohammadi, Robert Bergquist, Mahsan Akbarian, Mahnaz Arian, Elahe Pishgar and Behzad Kiani

    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2021 14:292

    Content type: Data note

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  25. The proposed candidate gene underlying the Malus fusca fire blight resistance locus on chromosome 10 was previously predicted to possess 880 amino acids and 8 exons. Eight base pair (8 bp) insertion/deletion in t...

    Authors: Ofere Francis Emeriewen, Henryk Flachowsky and Andreas Peil

    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2021 14:291

    Content type: Research note

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  26. Four-dimensional flow CMR allows for a comprehensive assessment of the blood flow kinetic energy of the ventricles of the heart. In comparison to standard two-dimensional image acquisition, 4D flow CMR is felt...

    Authors: Ciaran Grafton-Clarke, Saul Crandon, Jos J. M. Westenberg, Peter P. Swoboda, John P. Greenwood, Rob J. van der Geest, Andrew J. Swift, Vassilios S. Vassiliou, Sven Plein and Pankaj Garg

    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2021 14:289

    Content type: Data note

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  27. In a previous study we demonstrated that the occurrence of sexual jokes in the class was associated with higher levels of psychological health complaints. Building on and extending these findings, the aim of t...

    Authors: Sara Brolin Låftman, Ylva Bjereld, Bitte Modin and Petra Löfstedt

    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2021 14:288

    Content type: Research note

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  28. The aim of this study is to qualitatively investigate the lived experiences of mental health among frontline health workers providing COVID-19-realted care in Uganda. This study provides insights into the cont...

    Authors: Choolwe Muzyamba, Ogylive Makova and Geofrey Samukulu Mushibi

    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2021 14:286

    Content type: Research note

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  29. Extracellular histones have been identified as one molecular factor that can cause and sustain alveolar damage and were linked to high mortality rates in critically ill patients. In this pilot study, we wanted...

    Authors: Robert Ruemmler, Alexander Ziebart, Elisabeth Britten, Moritz Gosling, Rene Rissel and Erik K. Hartmann

    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2021 14:285

    Content type: Research note

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  30. Restless Legs Syndrome (RLS) is commonly known to cause morbidity in patients on hemodialysis, making them prone to chronic mental health illnesses such as depression and anxiety, and also adversely impact qua...

    Authors: Mahjabeen Yaseen, Furqan Ahmad Jarullah, Sadia Yaqoob, Hassan Abdullah Shakeel, Hamza Maqsood and Sadiq Naveed

    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2021 14:284

    Content type: Research note

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  31. The purpose of this clinical trial was to examine the effect of omega-3 fatty acids (W-3 FAs), nanocurcumin and their combination on serum levels and gene expression of VCAM in patients with episodic migraine.

    Authors: Mina Abdolahi, Elmira Karimi, Payam Sarraf, Abbas Tafakhori, Goli Siri, Farahnaz Salehinia, Mohsen Sedighiyan, Behzad Asanjarani, Mostafa Badeli, Hamed Abdollahi, Niyoosha Yoosefi, Abolghasem yousefi, Amir Shayegan rad and Mahmoud Djalali

    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2021 14:283

    Content type: Research note

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  32. In order to assess the applicability of a direct-to-consumer (DTC) genetic testing to translational research for obtaining new knowledge on relationships between drug target genes and diseases, we examined pos...

    Authors: Masahiro Inoue, Shota Arichi, Tsuyoshi Hachiya, Anna Ohtera, Seok-Won Kim, Eric Yu, Masatoshi Nishimura, Kazuhito Shiosakai and Takeshi Ohira

    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2021 14:282

    Content type: Research note

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  33. Eritrea is the most frequent country of origin among asylum seekers in Switzerland. On their journey through the desert and across the Mediterranean Sea, Eritrea refugees are often exposed to traumatizing expe...

    Authors: Afona Chernet, Nicole Probst-Hensch, Véronique Sydow, Daniel H. Paris and Niklaus D. Labhardt

    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2021 14:281

    Content type: Research note

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  34. The present population-based study aimed to examine the association of chronic stress and sleeping difficulties with self-reported irritable bowel syndrome (IBS), gastrointestinal (GI) symptoms past 2 weeks, a...

    Authors: Jasmin Zejnelagic and Bodil Ohlsson

    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2021 14:280

    Content type: Research note

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  35. The associations between dietary carbohydrate, fat intake, and inflammation are controversial. Most existing data are from industrialized societies which low-carbohydrate and high-fat diet is common and so the...

    Authors: Elmira Karimi, Habib Yarizadeh, Leila Setayesh, Seyyedeh Forough Sajjadi, Nasim Ghodoosi, Leil Khorraminezhad and Khadijeh Mirzaei

    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2021 14:279

    Content type: Research note

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  36. Mediastinal schwannomas are sometimes confused with other neoplasms during initial radiological studies, especially when there is a history of cancer in another area. In these cases, a more accurate analysis u...

    Authors: Ramiro Sandoval-Macias, Irving Daniel Ortiz-Sanchez, Ana Lilia Remirez-Castellanos, Luis Mora-Hernandez, Candelaria Cordova-Uscanga, Alejandra Mantilla-Morales, Tania Alejandra Galindo-Garcia, Armando Gamboa-Dominguez and Fernando Candanedo-Gonzalez

    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2021 14:278

    Content type: Research note

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  37. Strengthening the organizational agility of the hospital can lead to decreased production costs and increased market share, better serving to patients' needs, introduction of new services and increased competi...

    Authors: Zahra Kavosi, Sajad Delavari, Mohammad Mehdi Kiani, Peivand Bastani, Mohebat Vali and Marzieh Salehi

    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2021 14:277

    Content type: Research note

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  38. Marginalised populations are less likely to take part in health research, and are sometimes considered ‘easy to ignore’. We aimed to describe our approach and results of recruiting parents who experience disad...

    Authors: Louise Tully, Eleni Spyreli, Virginia Allen-Walker, Karen Matvienko-Sikar, Sheena McHugh, Jayne Woodside, Michelle C. McKinley, Patricia M. Kearney, Moira Dean, Catherine Hayes, Caroline Heary and Colette Kelly

    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2021 14:276

    Content type: Research note

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  39. Food frequency questionnaires are widely used as a dietary assessment tool in nutritional epidemiology to determine the relationship between diet and diseases. In Tanzania, there are several cultural variation...

    Authors: Ahmed Gharib Khamis, Akwilina Wendelin Mwanri, Julius Edward Ntwenya, Mbazi Senkoro, Katharina Kreppel, Bassirou Bonfoh, Sayoki Godfrey Mfinanga and Gideon Kwesigabo

    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2021 14:274

    Content type: Research note

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  40. Visualisation methods, primarily color-coded representation of sequence data, have been a predominant means of representation of DNA data. Algorithmic conversion of DNA sequence data to sound—sonification—repr...

    Authors: Heleen Plaisier, Thomas R. Meagher and Daniel Barker

    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2021 14:273

    Content type: Research note

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  41. The COVID-19 pandemic has brought about a major upheaval in the lives of older adults and their family/friend caregivers, including those utilizing home care services. In this article, we focus on results from...

    Authors: Lori E. Weeks, Sue Nesto, Bradley Hiebert, Grace Warner, Wendy Luciano, Kathleen Ledoux and Lorie Donelle

    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2021 14:271

    Content type: Research note

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