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  1. This study examines the rationale, if any, behind combining the extracts from the fruits of Alchornea cordifolia and Pterocarpus santalinoides and aerial parts of Cassytha filiformis in the traditional treatment ...

    Authors: Angus Nnamdi Oli, Monday Obaji and Ifeoma Bessie Enweani

    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2019 12:649

    Content type: Research note

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  2. There is a scarcity of evidence on socioeconomic inequalities of childhood anemia in Ethiopia. We determined the magnitude of socioeconomic inequality in anemia and the contribution of dietary and non-dietary ...

    Authors: Shimels Hussien Mohammed, Tesfa Dejenie Habtewold, Fatima Muhammad and Ahmad Esmaillzadeh

    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2019 12:646

    Content type: Research note

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  3. Soil-transmitted helminthes are among the most common infections worldwide and affect the poorest and most deprived communities. A health facility based cross-sectional study was conducted among pregnant women...

    Authors: Menasbo Gebru Gebrehiwet, Araya Abrha Medhaniye and Haileselasie Berhane Alema

    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2019 12:644

    Content type: Research note

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  4. Neonatal sepsis is a global public health concern in general and causes a massive burden in developing countries particularly in sub-Saharan Africa. Though it is mostly preventable, neonatal sepsis remained th...

    Authors: Temesgen Worku Gudayu, Ejigu Gebeye Zeleke and Ayenew Molla Lakew

    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2019 12:643

    Content type: Research note

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  5. This study was aimed to determine prevalence and resistance pattern like multidrug resistant (MDR) or ESBL nature of E. coli and Klebsiella spp. from various sewage drain samples with an idea to deliver baseline ...

    Authors: Sanjay Mahato, Ajay Mahato, Elina Pokharel and Ankita Tamrakar

    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2019 12:641

    Content type: Research note

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  6. The objective of this study was to determine the prevalence and associated factors of preterm births among mothers who gave birth in Axum and Adwa public hospitals, Tigray, North Ethiopia, 2018.

    Authors: Gebrekiros Aregawi, Nega Assefa, Firehiwot Mesfin, Fissaha Tekulu, Tesfay Adhena, Mussie Mulugeta and Guesh Gebreayezgi

    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2019 12:640

    Content type: Research note

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  7. Survivors of Ebola virus disease (EVD) are at risk of developing blinding intraocular inflammation—or uveitis—which is associated with retinal pigment epithelial (RPE) scarring and persistence of live Zaire ebola...

    Authors: Genevieve F. Oliver, Ayla V. Orang, Binoy Appukuttan, Shashikanth Marri, Michael Z. Michael, Glenn A. Marsh and Justine R. Smith

    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2019 12:639

    Content type: Research note

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  8. Aphids harbor a nutritional obligate endosymbiont in specialized cells called bacteriocytes, which aggregate to form an organ known as the bacteriome. Aphid bacteriomes display distinct gene expression profile...

    Authors: Honglin Feng, Joun S. Park, R. Grace Zhai and Alexandra C. C. Wilson

    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2019 12:638

    Content type: Research note

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  9. Breast cancer is the leading cause of death among reproductive-age women worldwide and the second leading cause of death among women in Ethiopia. Regular breast self-examination is the most cost-effective meth...

    Authors: Seifadin Ahmed Shallo and Jibril Dori Boru

    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2019 12:637

    Content type: Research note

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  10. Asbestos was widely used in construction in both a friable and a compact form until the 1990s, before its use was banned. Today, many of these materials are still in situ and represent a source of risk for con...

    Authors: L. Vimercati, D. Cavone, A. Caputi, M. C. Delfino, L. De Maria, G. M. Ferri and G. Serio

    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2019 12:636

    Content type: Research note

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  11. Occupational stress can have an adverse effect on mental and physical health and performance of nurses. The aim of this study was to investigate the occupational stress of Iranian critical care unit (CCU) nurs...

    Authors: Azam Faraji, Mahtab Karimi, Seyyed Mohsen Azizi, Maryam Janatolmakan and Alireza Khatony

    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2019 12:634

    Content type: Research note

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  12. Capillary blood has been increasingly used in point-of-care setting for clinical monitoring in immunology and infectious diseases. We explored whether percentages of lymphocyte subsets (T-cells; CD3+, helper T...

    Authors: Supanart Srisala, Nutkridta Pongsakul, Thiantip Sahakijpicharn, Suradej Hongeng, Somchai Chutipongtanate and Nopporn Apiwattanakul

    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2019 12:633

    Content type: Research note

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  13. Thrombocytopenia is an abnormal decrease in blood platelets, which can affect the prognosis of people living with HIV (PLHIV). In order to assess the burden of this haematological disorder, we evaluated the fr...

    Authors: Alex Durand Nka, Samuel Martin Sosso, Joseph Fokam, Yagai Bouba, Georges Teto, Rachel Simo Rachel, Aline Tiga, Junie Yimga, Elias Nchiwan Nukenine, Aubin Joseph Nanfack, Désiré Takou, Zélateur Aroga, Vittorio Colizzi and Alexis Ndjolo

    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2019 12:632

    Content type: Research note

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  14. Basal stem rot disease causes severe economic losses to oil palm production in South-east Asia and little is known on the pathogenicity of the pathogen, the basidiomyceteous Ganoderma boninense. Our data presente...

    Authors: Mui Yun Wong, Nisha T. Govender and Chia Sui Ong

    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2019 12:631

    Content type: Data note

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  15. This study sought to determine if there is an association between variants in the apolipoprotein E (ApoE) promoter regions and development of white matter hyperintensities (WMH) in military subjects who have been...

    Authors: Richard R. Chapleau, CharLee A. Martin, Summer R. Hughes, James C. Baldwin, John Sladky, Paul M. Sherman and Michael Grinkemeyer

    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2019 12:630

    Content type: Research note

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  16. Despite a 1.5% National HIV prevalence, less than 40% of people living with HIV in Sierra Leone know their status. Limited activities on testing partners of HIV patients could be contributory to this substanti...

    Authors: Sulaiman Lakoh, Emmanuel Firima, Darlinda F. Jiba, Momodu Sesay, Mariama Marco Conteh and Gibrilla Fadlu Deen

    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2019 12:629

    Content type: Research note

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  17. We conducted four cross-sectional studies over 1 year among humans and pigs in three slaughterhouses in Central and Western Kenya (> 350 km apart) to determine infection and exposure to influenza A viruses. Na...

    Authors: Eric Mogaka Osoro, Shirley Lidechi, Jeremiah Nyaundi, Doris Marwanga, Athman Mwatondo, Mathew Muturi, Zipporah Ng’ang’a and Kariuki Njenga

    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2019 12:628

    Content type: Research note

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  18. As reports indicated about 1 in 3 of women worldwide have experienced physical violence but there is no enough reports on the current status of the act in Aksum town so this study intended to identify the prev...

    Authors: Alem Girmay, Teklewoini Mariye, Degena Bahrey, Berihu Hailu, Assefa Iyasu, G/amlak G/medhin, Binyam Demisse and Girmay Teklay

    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2019 12:627

    Content type: Research note

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  19. Recent studies using genome-wide association studies (GWAS) have shown the strong association between polymorphisms near the interleukin-28B (IL-28B) gene and spontaneous clearance of hepatitis C virus (HCV). ...

    Authors: Mansour Moghimi, Forough Tavakoli, Masoud Doosti, Abbas Ahmadi-Vasmehjani and Mohsen Akhondi-Meybodi

    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2019 12:626

    Content type: Research note

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  20. DNA double strand breaks (DNA-DSBs) are among the most lethal DNA lesions leading to genomic instability and repaired by either homologous recombination (HR) or the non-homologous end joining (NHEJ) mechanisms...

    Authors: Hussain Mubarak Al-Aamri, Helen R. Irving, Terri Meehan-Andrews and Christopher Bradley

    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2019 12:625

    Content type: Research note

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  21. A total of 205 animals from four Egyptian livestock species; cattle (n = 18), buffaloes (n = 12), sheep (n = 150) and goats (n = 25) were used in this study to detect polymorphism and perform comparative analy...

    Authors: Ahmed. A. Saleh, Amr M. A. Rashad, Nada. N. A. M. Hassanine, Mahmoud A. Sharaby and Yongju Zhao

    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2019 12:623

    Content type: Research note

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  22. The Breastfeeding Self-Efficacy Scale-Short Form (BSES-SF) is a widely used instrument that measures breastfeeding self-efficacy. This study aimed to examine the reliability and validity of the Persian version...

    Authors: Payam Amini, Reza Omani-Samani, Mahdi Sepidarkish, Amir Almasi-Hashiani, Mostafa Hosseini and Saman Maroufizadeh

    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2019 12:622

    Content type: Research note

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  23. To determine bacterial contaminants and their antimicrobial susceptibility patterns from medical equipment and inanimate surfaces.

    Authors: Addis Darge, Atsebaha Gebrekidan Kahsay, Haftamu Hailekiros, Selam Niguse and Mahmud Abdulkader

    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2019 12:621

    Content type: Research note

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  24. Previously, we have published univariate analyses on a cohort of all singleton, very preterm infants (N = 101) born between 23 and 29 weeks of gestation during January 01, 1998 to June 30, 2003 at The Aga Khan...

    Authors: Mohammad Yawar Yakoob

    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2019 12:620

    Content type: Research note

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  25. Since data related to postpartum hemorrhage in Ethiopia is scarce, this study was aimed to assess the magnitude and associated factors of postpartum hemorrhage among mothers who delivered in Debre Tabor genera...

    Authors: Daniel Habitamu, Yitayal Ayalew Goshu and Likenaw Bewuket Zeleke

    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2019 12:618

    Content type: Research note

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  26. The study evaluated the efficacy of phototherapy and 20% albumin infusion to reduce total serum bilirubin (TSB) in neonates with severe hyperbilirubinemia. The primary outcome was a reduction of TSB at the end...

    Authors: Dorcas N. Magai, Michael Mwaniki, Amina Abubakar, Shebe Mohammed, Anne L. Gordon, Raphael Kalu, Paul Mwangi, Hans M. Koot and Charles R. Newton

    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2019 12:617

    Content type: Research note

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  27. To partner with and understand the health of Somali Bantu refugee women, small group sessions were designed and conducted using a community-based collaborative action research (CBCAR) approach. Health topics i...

    Authors: Ellyn R. Mulcahy, Carla Buchheit, Elyse Max, Suzanne R. Hawley and Aimee S. James

    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2019 12:616

    Content type: Research note

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  28. Histopathological studies suggest that parasite load is different between acute and chronic forms of cutaneous leishmaniasis (CL). However, highly sensitive detection methods are still needed to distinguish di...

    Authors: Maryam Fekri-SoofiAbadi, Meisam Fekri, Alireza moradabadi, Reza Vahidi, Simin Shamsi-Meymandi, Donya Dabiri and Shahriar Dabiri

    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2019 12:615

    Content type: Research note

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  29. Molecular typing such as spa typing is used to control and prevent Staphylococcus aureus widespread in hospitals and communities. Hence, the aim of this study was to find the most common types of S. aureus strain...

    Authors: Zahra Hashemizadeh, Nahal Hadi, Samane Mohebi, Davood Kalantar-Neyestanaki and Abdollah Bazargani

    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2019 12:614

    Content type: Research note

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  30. Although studies have shown inconsistent results in terms of prevalence of eating disorders, the Eating Attitudes Test (EAT-26) was used to screen students for abnormal eating behaviors. The results of the sel...

    Authors: Norika Hayakawa, Satoshi Tanaka, Naoko Hirata, Sachiko Ogino and Norio Ozaki

    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2019 12:613

    Content type: Research note

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  31. Extended spectrum β-lactamases (ESBL) producing Enterobacteriaceae predominantly E. coli and K. pneumoniae bacteremia have limited treatment options and high mortality. The objective was to determine the risk fac...

    Authors: Nosheen Nasir, Sara Ahmed, Samrah Razi, Safia Awan and Syed Faisal Mahmood

    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2019 12:611

    Content type: Research note

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  32. Bronchial asthma is one of the major public health challenges throughout the world that negatively impact patients, families and community. The objective of this study was to assess the prevalence and associat...

    Authors: Sisay Shine, Sindew Muhamud and Alebachew Demelash

    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2019 12:608

    Content type: Research note

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  33. Knowledge of danger signs of obstetric complications is the first essential step in accepting appropriate and timely referral to maternal and newborn care units. The objective of this study was to assess the k...

    Authors: Gashaw Garedew Woldeamanuel, Gorems Lemma and Betregiorgis Zegeye

    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2019 12:606

    Content type: Research note

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  34. Ki67 is the most commonly used marker to evaluate proliferative index in breast cancer, however no cutoff values have been clearly defined for high ki67 index. Cancer management should be according to loco-reg...

    Authors: Atif Ali Hashmi, Kashif Ali Hashmi, Muhammad Irfan, Saadia Mehmood Khan, Muhammad Muzzammil Edhi, Javaria Parwez Ali, Shumaila Kanwal Hashmi, Huda Asif, Naveen Faridi and Amir Khan

    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2019 12:605

    Content type: Research note

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  35. Objective of the study is to evaluate the on-admission day symptoms and signs, clinical, hematological parameters and liver transaminases of the dengue NS1 positive patients who got admitted on different clini...

    Authors: T. T. P. Jayadas, T. Kumanan, V. Arasaratnam, K. Gajapathy and S. N. Surendran

    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2019 12:604

    Content type: Research note

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  36. The objective of this study was to assess magnitude of metabolic syndrome and its associated factors among type 2 diabetes mellitus patients in Ayder Comprehensive Specialized Hospital. A hospital based cross ...

    Authors: Gebreamlak Gebremedhn Gebremeskel, Kalayou Kidanu Berhe, Desta Siyoum Belay, Berihu Hailu Kidanu, Assefa Iyasu Negash, Kfle Tekulu Gebreslasse, Degena Bahrey Tadesse and Mulugeta Molla Birhanu

    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2019 12:603

    Content type: Research note

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  37. Awareness about complications is important to reduce diabetes related morbidity and mortality. This study aimed to assess awareness of diabetes complications and associated factors among type 2 diabetic patien...

    Authors: Yitayeh Belsti, Yonas Akalu, Haileab Fekadu and Yaregal Animut

    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2019 12:602

    Content type: Research note

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  38. This study was aimed to assess parental communication on sexual and reproductive health (SRH) issues and its associated factors among preparatory school students in Debre Tabor, Northcentral Ethiopia. Institut...

    Authors: Maru Mekie, Wubet Taklual, Abenezer Melkie and Dagne Addisu

    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2019 12:598

    Content type: Research note

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  39. Glucuronoyl esterase (GE) is an emerging enzyme that improves fractionation of lignin-carbohydrate complexes. However, the commercial availability of GE is limited, which hinders the research of GE-based biopr...

    Authors: C. G. Conacher, M. P. García-Aparicio, G. Coetzee, W. H. van Zyl and J. F. Gӧrgens

    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2019 12:596

    Content type: Research note

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  40. Resistance training (RT) can improve whole muscle strength without increasing muscle fiber size or contractility. Neural adaptations, which lead to greater neural activation of muscle, may mediate some of thes...

    Authors: Thomas B. Voigt, Timothy W. Tourville, Michael J. Falcone, James R. Slauterbeck, Bruce D. Beynnon and Michael J. Toth

    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2019 12:595

    Content type: Research note

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  41. A cross-sectional survey involving 134 pulmonary TB patients started on TB treatment at the TB Treatment Unit of the regional referral hospital was conducted to ascertain the prevalence of individual and healt...

    Authors: Winters Muttamba, Samuel Kyobe, Alimah Komuhangi, James Lakony, Esther Buregyeya, Eldad Mabumba and Robert K. Basaza

    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2019 12:589

    Content type: Research note

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