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  1. In Para-cycling competitions, cyclists with amputation of one-leg and no prosthesis, i.e., Division Cycle, Sport Class C2, perform pedaling movement on bicycle by unilateral leg. The purpose of this study was ...

    Authors: Kohei Watanabe, Yuta Yamaguchi, Wataru Fukuda, Sho Nakazawa, Taishi Kenjo and Tetsunari Nishiyama

    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2020 13:299

    Content type: Research note

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  2. The study was carried out with the aim to find out the frequency of Glucose 6 phosphate dehydrogenase (G6PD) deficiency among the patients attending the hospital and to rationalize the qualitative methemoglobi...

    Authors: Uday Sharma, Satyendra Mishra, Narayan Gautam and Badri Kumar Gupta

    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2020 13:298

    Content type: Research note

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  3. Most eukaryotic cells contain microtubule filaments, which play central roles in intra-cellular organization. However, microtubule networks have a wide variety of architectures from one cell type and organism ...

    Authors: Arthur T. Molines, Virginie Stoppin-Mellet, Isabelle Arnal and Frédéric M. Coquelle

    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2020 13:296

    Content type: Research note

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  4. Prostate cancer (PC) is common cancer worldwide. Several markers have been developed to differentiate between benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH) from PC. A descriptive retrospective hospital-based study aimed ...

    Authors: Eiman Siddig Ahmed, Lubna S. Elnour, Rowa Hassan, Emmanuel E. Siddig, Mintu Elsa Chacko, Eman T. Ali, Mona A. Mohamed, Abdalla Munir, Mohamed S. Muneer, Nouh S. Mohamed and Ali M. M. Edris

    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2020 13:295

    Content type: Research note

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  5. β2 microglobulin, as a biomarker, is used for the diagnosis of oral malignant and pre-malignant lesions. The components of the microglobulin system can directly or indirectly help grow and develop tumors. The ...

    Authors: Fatemeh Nosratzehi, Tahereh Nosratzehi, Ebrahim Alijani and Soha Saberi Rad

    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2020 13:294

    Content type: Research note

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  6. The assessment of clinical efficacy and toxicity is very important in pharmacology and toxicology. The effects of psychostimulants (e.g. amphetamine), psychotomimetics (e.g. Cannabis sativus) and snake antiven...

    Authors: Saganuwan Alhaji Saganuwan

    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2020 13:292

    Content type: Research note

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  7. Mouse models have delivered variable recapitulation of Kyasanur Forest disease (KFD) pathology and consistently demonstrated neurological involvement which may be a limited feature of human disease. With the p...

    Authors: A. M. Nikiforuk, K. Tierny, T. A. Cutts, D. K. Kobasa, S. S. Theriault and B. W. M. Cook

    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2020 13:291

    Content type: Data note

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  8. Chalcones (1, 3-diaryl-2-propen-1-ones) and their derivatives are widely explored from the past decade for its antimalarial activity. To elucidate their mechanism of action on the malaria parasite, the ultrast...

    Authors: Shweta Sinha, B. D. Radotra, Bikash Medhi, Daniela I. Batovska, Nadezhda Markova and Rakesh Sehgal

    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2020 13:290

    Content type: Research note

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  9. In the present study, we sought to investigate the association between red cell distribution width (RDW) and stroke severity and outcome in patients who underwent anti-thrombolytic therapy with tissue plasmino...

    Authors: Kavous Shahsavarinia, Younes Ghavam Laleh, Payman Moharramzadeh, Mahboob Pouraghaei, Elyar Sadeghi-Hokmabadi, Fatemeh Seifar, Farid Hajibonabi, Zhila Khamnian, Mehdi Farhoudi and Sara Mafi

    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2020 13:288

    Content type: Research note

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  10. Effect of bilateral, optic neuropathy on the function of retinal pigment epithelium has not been investigated extensively to date. This study aimed to determine the effect of bilateral, optic neuropathy on lig...

    Authors: Padmini Dahanayake, Tharaka L. Dassanayake, Manoji Pathirage, Saman Senanayake, Mike Sedgwick and Vajira Weerasinghe

    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2020 13:287

    Content type: Research note

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  11. This study aims to assess the relationship between Food and Nutrition Literacy (FNLIT) and dietary diversity score (DDS); FNLIT and nutrient adequacy (NAR%, MAR%) in school-age children in Iran.

    Authors: Azam Doustmohammadian, Nasrin Omidvar, Nastaran Keshavarz-Mohammadi, Hassan Eini-Zinab, Maryam Amini, Morteza Abdollahi, Zeinab Amirhamidi and Homa Haidari

    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2020 13:286

    Content type: Research note

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  12. Musculoskeletal pain is often caused by injury to the bones, muscles, tendons, ligaments or nerves. Symptoms can be localized or generalized. Mild-moderate symptoms are treated with topical/oral over the count...

    Authors: Hoan Linh Banh and Andrew Cave

    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2020 13:285

    Content type: Research note

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  13. Adenosine has an analgesic and anti-inflammatory role and its injections are used for perioperative pain management. We aimed to study efficacy of intrathecal injection of adenosine for post-operative radicula...

    Authors: Dawood Aghamohammadi, Mahmood Eydi, Alireza Pishgahi, Azam Esmaeilinejad and Neda Dolatkhah

    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2020 13:284

    Content type: Research note

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  14. The influence of physical activity (PA) on the immune system has emerged as a new field of research. Regular PA may promote an anti-inflammatory state in the body, thus contributing to the down-regulation of p...

    Authors: Karina Standahl Olsen, Marko Lukic and Kristin Benjaminsen Borch

    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2020 13:283

    Content type: Research note

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  15. Fibroblast growth factor receptor (FGFR) 2 regulates the development of the adrenal gland in mice. In addition, FGFR2-mediated signalling has been shown to prevent apoptosis and to enhance proliferation in adr...

    Authors: Matthias Haase, Anne Thiel, Ute I. Scholl, Hany Ashmawy, Matthias Schott and Margret Ehlers

    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2020 13:282

    Content type: Research note

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  16. We previously described the structure and activity of a glycoside hydrolase family 30 subfamily 8 (GH30-8) endoxylanase, CaXyn30A, from Clostridium acetobutylicum which exhibited novel glucuronic acid (GA)-indepe...

    Authors: Casey Crooks, Liangkun Long and Franz J. St John

    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2020 13:281

    Content type: Research note

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  17. A Paenibacillus strain isolated in previous research exhibited antimicrobial activity against relevant human pathogens including Staphylococcus aureus and Listeria monocytogenes. In this study, the genome of the ...

    Authors: Magdalena Pajor, Jonathan Sogin, Randy W. Worobo and Piotr Szweda

    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2020 13:280

    Content type: Research note

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  18. Oral anticoagulants are one of the most frequently used medications. However, these drugs have a range of side effects including potential life-threatening complications. Little is known regarding the awarenes...

    Authors: Ibrahim Zahid, Syed Wajih Ul Hassan, Nida Sehar Bhurya, Sheena Nadeem Alam, Choudhary Ahmed Hasan, Bakht Hussain Shah, Fasiha Bakhtawar Fatima, Ayesha Ahmed, Syed Sabih Ul Hassan, Javeria Hayat, Aqsa Zulfiqar, Rija Sheikh, Momin Aziz, Rabbia Siddiqi, Kaneez Fatima and Muhammad Shahzeb Khan

    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2020 13:279

    Content type: Research note

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  19. Inappropriate life style has destructive effects on sperm quality and, male fertility, so that lifestyle modification may improve spermogram indexes preliminary data. This study aimed to determine the relation...

    Authors: Leila Amini, Mahsa Kahrobaie, Leila Amiri-Farahani and Hamid Haghani

    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2020 13:278

    Content type: Research note

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  20. Compared to methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA), there have been few studies focused on the molecular characterization of methicillin-susceptible Staphylococcus aureus (MSSA). In this cross-section...

    Authors: Zahra Tayebi, Hossein Goudarzi, Masoud Dadashi and Mehdi Goudarzi

    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2020 13:277

    Content type: Research note

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  21. Vancomycin resistant enterococci (VRE) are of significant public health concern. The identification of VRE in livestock and food has increased. The objective of this study was to determine if the transferrable...

    Authors: Ana Berreta, Rachel M. Baumgardner and Jamie J. Kopper

    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2020 13:275

    Content type: Research note

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  22. Malaria is an infectious disease that annually presents around 200,000 cases in Brazil. The availability of data on malaria is crucial for enabling and supporting studies that can promote actions to prevent it...

    Authors: Lais Baroni, Marcel Pedroso, Christovam Barcellos, Rebecca Salles, Samella Salles, Balthazar Paixão, Alvaro Chrispino, Gustavo Guedes and Eduardo Ogasawara

    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2020 13:274

    Content type: Data note

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  23. Ligation-Mediated Amplification (LMA) is a versatile biochemical tool for amplifying selected DNA sequences. LMA has increased in popularity due to its integration within chromosome conformation capture (5C) a...

    Authors: Christopher J. F. Cameron, Xue Q. D. Wang, Josée Dostie and Mathieu Blanchette

    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2020 13:273

    Content type: Research note

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  24. Many therapies have been proposed in order to investigate the mechanisms of neural repair associated with neurological diseases, including bone marrow mononuclear cells (BMMC) transplantation. However, there i...

    Authors: Maria de Fátima dos Santos Sampaio, Arthur Giraldi-Guimarães, Camila da Silva Lourenço, Messias Gonzaga Pereira and Norberto Cysne Coimbra

    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2020 13:272

    Content type: Research note

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  25. We sought to estimate the prevalence of self-reported self-harm among adolescents identifying as lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender (LGBT) in Ghana, and compare self-reported personal and social adversiti...

    Authors: Emmanuel N.-B. Quarshie, Mitch G. Waterman and Allan O. House

    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2020 13:271

    Content type: Research note

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  26. Malocclusion features differ across various populations and ethnicities. At this time, no data are available regarding the dentofacial differences between Syrian and European adolescents with Class II division...

    Authors: Alaa Al Ayoubi, Alireza Khandan Dezfully and Melinda Madléna

    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2020 13:270

    Content type: Research note

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  27. The present database contains information on sociodemographic and clinical data as well as data from the Care Transition Measure (CTM 15-Brazil) of cancer patients undergoing clinical or surgical treatment. Da...

    Authors: Elisiane Lorenzini, Julia Estela Willrich Boell, Nelly D. Oelke, Caroline Donini Rodrigues, Letícia Flores Trindade, Vanessa Dalsasso Batista Winter, Michelle Mariah Malkiewiez, Gabriela Ceretta Flôres, Pâmella Pluta and Adriane Cristina Bernat Kolankiewicz

    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2020 13:267

    Content type: Data note

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  28. In order to characterize a river-associated, enriched microbiome capable of degrading an anthraquinone dye from the oil blue family, as well as assessing its functional potential, we performed a taxa-specific ...

    Authors: Ayixon Sánchez-Reyes, Luz Bretón-Deval, Hayley Mangelson and Alejandro Sanchez-Flores

    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2020 13:265

    Content type: Data note

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  29. The current study aimed to evaluate the prevalence of parasitic infections and their possible association with irritable bowel syndrome (IBS), through a case–control study. Stool samples were collected from pa...

    Authors: Zohreh Shafiei, Farideh Esfandiari, Bahador Sarkari, Zahra Rezaei, Mohammad Reza Fatahi and Seyed Mohammad Kazem Hosseini Asl

    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2020 13:264

    Content type: Research note

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  30. SLITs are secreted glycoproteins that bind to Roundabouts (ROBOs) which are a family member of transmembrane receptors. SLIT signaling has well-conserved roles in mediating axon repulsion in a developing nervo...

    Authors: Tetsuya Sasaki, Yusuke Komatsu and Tetsuo Yamamori

    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2020 13:262

    Content type: Research note

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  31. Unsafe abortion is one of the most important causes of death and disability among mothers in countries where abortion is illegal. These conditions have changed since then. The present study has investigated th...

    Authors: Seyed Amirhosein Mahdavi, Asieh Jafari, Khadijeh Azimi, Nikoo Dehghanizadeh and Abdolrazagh Barzegar

    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2020 13:261

    Content type: Research note

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  32. This study evaluated hepatoprotective effect of aescin (AES) and diosmin (DIO), individually or in low-dose combination in chemically induced liver injury in rats. Rats were divided into 6 groups; Group 1, con...

    Authors: Sara Mahmmoud EL-Dakhly, Abeer Abdallah Ali Salama, Soha Osama Mahmoud Hassanin, Noha Nazeeh Yassen, Alaaeldin Ahmed Hamza and Amr Amin

    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2020 13:259

    Content type: Research note

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  33. Nosocomial and community acquired multidrug resistant Klebsiella infections are wide spread resulting in high morbidity and mortality due to limited number of antibiotics treatment options. This study investigate...

    Authors: Sharon Akinpelu, Abraham Ajayi, Stella I. Smith and Adeyemi I. Adeleye

    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2020 13:258

    Content type: Research note

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  34. To examine the clinical features and outcomes of adolescent and young adult sarcoma patients who underwent surgical management and clarify important factors associated with prognosis. We reviewed 18 young adul...

    Authors: Kazuhiko Hashimoto, Shunji Nishimura, Naohiro Oka and Masao Akagi

    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2020 13:257

    Content type: Research note

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  35. Onchocerciasis is one of the most devastating neglected tropical diseases and it is mostly prevalent in Africa. The disease has important heavy social and economic burdens on the infected populations including...

    Authors: Ayman Ahmed, Anas Elbashir, Asgad A. Mohamed, Asha A. Alim, Asia Mubarak, Duaa Abdelrahman, Eilaf Mohammed, Nouh S. Mohamed, Arwa H. Elaagip, Isam M. A. Zarroug, Noma Mounkaila and Hanan Tahir

    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2020 13:256

    Content type: Research note

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  36. To assess knowledge and practice trends in managing acute pain in patients infected with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV+) or having acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS) among emergency physicians of fo...

    Authors: Aliya Ahmed, Gauhar Afshan, Robyna Irshad Khan, Badar Afzal, Seemin Jamali, Nighat Farooq, Sarosh Saleem, Rubaba Naeem and Uzma Khan

    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2020 13:255

    Content type: Research note

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  37. UHRF1 is a multi-domain protein that recognizes both histone and DNA modification marks on chromatin. UHRF1 is involved in various cellular processes that lead to tumorigenesis and thus attracted considerable ...

    Authors: Debasis Patnaik

    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2020 13:254

    Content type: Data note

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  38. The World Health Organization recommends disclosing HIV-status between 6 and 12 years; American Academy of Pediatrics recommends that children are informed at “school age.” Neither suggests an optimal age when...

    Authors: Henna Budhwani, Lori Mills, Lauren E. B. Marefka, Sequoya Eady, Van T. Nghiem and Tina Simpson

    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2020 13:253

    Content type: Research note

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  39. Di-2-ethylhexyl phthalate (DEHP) pollution is one of the major environmental concerns all over the world. This research aimed at studying the biodegradation kinetics of DEHP by a newly isolated bacterial strai...

    Authors: Jean Bosco Nshimiyimana, Sujan Khadka, Piao Zou, Sanjib Adhikari, Ram Proshad, Alina Thapa and Li Xiong

    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2020 13:252

    Content type: Research note

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  40. To evaluate the efficacy and safety of thrice daily Biphasic Human Insulin 30 (BHI 30) versus the traditional twice-daily regimen in type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) patients. It’s a cross over single clinical ...

    Authors: Nesreen A. Saadeh, Ola Y. Al-Azzeh and Yousef S. Khader

    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2020 13:250

    Content type: Research note

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  41. Pediatric antiretroviral therapy (ART) for children with HIV (CHIV) must be dosed appropriately for children’s changing weights as they grow. To inform accurate estimates of ART formulations and doses needed, ...

    Authors: Julie Jesson, Sophie Desmonde, Constantin T. Yiannoutsos, Gabriela Patten, Karen Malateste, Stephany N. Duda, Nagalingeswaran Kumarasamy, Marcel Yotebieng, Mary-Ann Davies, Beverly Musick, Valeriane Leroy and Andrea Ciaranello

    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2020 13:249

    Content type: Research note

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