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  1. Renal colic (RC), is one of the most severe pain patterns which is most commonly diagnosed and managed in the emergency department (ED). This study is designed to evaluate the characteristics of adult patients...

    Authors: Mustafa Serinken, Ozgur Karcioglu, Ibrahim Turkcuer, Halis Ilke Ozkan, Mustafa Kemal Keysan and Aytaç Bukiran
    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2008 1:79
  2. Tartrate-resistant acid phosphatases (TRAcPs), also known as purple acid phosphatases (PAPs), are a family of binuclear metallohydrolases that have been identified in plants, animals and fungi. The human enzym...

    Authors: Kieran S Hadler, Thomas Huber, A Ian Cassady, Jane Weber, Jodie Robinson, Allan Burrows, Gregory Kelly, Luke W Guddat, David A Hume, Gerhard Schenk and Jack U Flanagan
    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2008 1:78
  3. To explore adolescent HIV risk perception, HIV vaccine knowledge, willingness to participate in future HIV vaccine clinical trials, and the factors that influence willingness to participate among high school s...

    Authors: Guy de Bruyn, Nokuthula Skhosana, Gavin Robertson, James A McIntyre and Glenda E Gray
    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2008 1:76
  4. Coenzyme A (CoA) is an essential metabolite, synthesized from vitamin B5 by the subsequent action of five enzymes: PANK, PPCS, PPCDC, PPAT and DPCK. Mutations in Drosophila dPPCS disrupt female fecundity and in t...

    Authors: Floris Bosveld, Anil Rana, Willy Lemstra, Harm H Kampinga and Ody CM Sibon
    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2008 1:75
  5. Shigellosis is one of the major causes of morbidity in children with diarrhea in Iran. The present study was undertaken to characterize apparently sporadic Shigella boydii strains isolated from pediatric patients...

    Authors: Reza Ranjbar, Caterina Mammina, Mohammad R Pourshafie and Mohammad M Soltan-Dallal
    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2008 1:74
  6. Transient ischemic attack (TIA) is described as a brief episode of neurological dysfunction caused by focal brain ischemia, with clinical symptoms typically lasting less than an hour, and without evidence of a...

    Authors: Ayeesha Kamal, Farhad Khimani, Rushna Raza, Sahar Zafar, Salman Bandeali and Sayeedullah Jan
    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2008 1:73
  7. Huanglongbing (HLB, previously known as citrus greening), is associated with Candidatus Liberibacter species and is a serious threat to citrus production world-wide. The pathogen is a Gram negative, unculturable,...

    Authors: Harshavardhan Doddapaneni, Huihong Liao, Hong Lin, Xianjin Bai, Xiaolong Zhao, Edwin L Civerolo, Michael Irey, Helvecio Coletta-Filho and Gerhard Pietersen
    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2008 1:72
  8. Circulating endothelial cells (CEC) and endothelial precursor cells (CEP) have been suggested as markers for angiogenesis in cancer. However, CEC/CEP represent a tiny and heterogeneous cell population, renderi...

    Authors: Michael Steurer, Johann Kern, Matthias Zitt, Albert Amberger, Monika Bauer, Günther Gastl, Gerold Untergasser and Eberhard Gunsilius
    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2008 1:71
  9. PCR inhibition by nucleic acid extracts is a well known yet poorly described phenomenon. Inhibition assessment generally depends on the assumption that inhibitors affect all PCR reactions to the same extent; i...

    Authors: Jim F Huggett, Tanya Novak, Jeremy A Garson, Clare Green, Stephen D Morris-Jones, Robert F Miller and Alimuddin Zumla
    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2008 1:70
  10. With high levels of obesity and related illness, improving the health of the nation is a major public health concern. This study aimed to identify factors that prevent healthy eating among doctors, and that ar...

    Authors: James Winston, Carol Johnson and Sue Wilson
    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2008 1:69
  11. Mier1 encodes a novel transcriptional regulator and was originally isolated as a fibroblast growth factor early response gene. Two major protein isoforms have been identified, MIER1α and β, which differ in their ...

    Authors: Tina M Blackmore, Corinne F Mercer, Gary D Paterno and Laura L Gillespie
    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2008 1:68
  12. G protein-coupled receptors (GPCRs) play important physiological roles transducing extracellular signals into intracellular responses. Approximately 50% of all marketed drugs target a GPCR. There remains consi...

    Authors: Matthew N Davies, Andrew Secker, Mark Halling-Brown, David S Moss, Alex A Freitas, Jon Timmis, Edward Clark and Darren R Flower
    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2008 1:67
  13. Affymetrix GeneChips can be re-annotated at the probe-level by breaking up the original probe-sets and recomposing new probe-sets based on up-to-date genomic knowledge, such as available in Entrez Gene. This r...

    Authors: Wim C de Leeuw, Han Rauwerda, Martijs J Jonker and Timo M Breit
    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2008 1:66
  14. With the advent of increasingly efficient means to obtain genetic information, a great insurgence of data has resulted, leading to the need for methods for analyzing this data beyond that of traditional parame...

    Authors: Alison A Motsinger-Reif, Theresa J Fanelli, Anna C Davis and Marylyn D Ritchie
    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2008 1:65
  15. Streptococcus pneumoniae infection starts from colonization of the host respiratory tract where interaction with host respiratory tract epithelial cells occurs. To investigate pneumococcal genes that are involved...

    Authors: Xin-Ming Song, Wayne Connor, Karsten Hokamp, Lorne A Babiuk and Andrew A Potter
    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2008 1:64
  16. Chromosome location is often used as a scaffold to organize genomic information in both the living cell and molecular biological research. Thus, ever-increasing amounts of data about genomic features are store...

    Authors: Márcia A Inda, Marinus F van Batenburg, Marco Roos, Adam SZ Belloum, Dmitry Vasunin, Adianto Wibisono, Antoine HC van Kampen and Timo M Breit
    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2008 1:63
  17. There has been significant growth in the number of healthcare workers born outside the UK or recruited to the UK from countries with a high prevalence of TB, Hepatitis and other blood borne infections. Governm...

    Authors: Joanne M Alner, David Hagen, Sue Andrews, Rachel Loveday and Hugo C van Woerden
    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2008 1:62
  18. Wheat, barley, and rye, of tribe Triticeae in the Poaceae, are among the most important crops worldwide but they present many challenges to genomics-aided crop improvement. Brachypodium distachyon, a close relati...

    Authors: Esteban Bortiri, Devin Coleman-Derr, Gerard R Lazo, Olin D Anderson and Yong Q Gu
    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2008 1:61
  19. An abundantly growing body of literature implicates conjugation of SUMO in the regulation of many proteins and processes, yet the regulation of SUMO pathways is poorly understood. To gain insight into the play...

    Authors: Brian J Wilson
    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2008 1:60
  20. The United Republic of Tanzania is one of the 22 high M. tuberculosis burden countries. Data collected between 2002 and 2007 indicate that the global prevalence of drug-resistant M. tuberculosis including MDR var...

    Authors: Willy Urassa, Ferdinand Mugusi, Eduardo Villamor, Gernard Msamanga, Candida Moshiro, Ronald Bosch, Elmar Saathoff and Wafaie Fawzi
    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2008 1:58
  21. The human CD44 gene contains 10 variable exons (v1 to v10) that can be alternatively spliced to generate hundreds of different CD44 protein isoforms. Human CD44 variable exon v3 inclusion in the final mRNA dep...

    Authors: Elena Vela, Josep M Hilari, María Delclaux, Hugo Fernández-Bellon and Marcos Isamat
    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2008 1:57
  22. Some array comparative genomic hybridisation (array CGH) platforms require a minimum of micrograms of DNA for the generation of reliable and reproducible data. For studies where there are limited amounts of ge...

    Authors: Bente A Talseth-Palmer, Nikola A Bowden, Alyssa Hill, Cliff Meldrum and Rodney J Scott
    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2008 1:56
  23. We conducted this study to estimate the correlates of current cigarette smoking among in-school adolescents in Jamaica 2006 and compare prevalence of smoking and associated factors between 2000 and 2006.

    Authors: Adamson S Muula, Seter Siziya and Emmanuel Rudatsikira
    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2008 1:55
  24. Rabbits provide an excellent model for many animal and human diseases, such as cardiovascular diseases, for the development of new vaccines in wound healing management and in the field of tissue engineering of...

    Authors: Simone Lapi, Francesca Nocchi, Roberta Lamanna, Simona Passeri, Mariacarla Iorio, Aldo Paolicchi, Patrizia Urciuoli, Alessandra Coli, Francesca Abramo, Vincenzo Miragliotta, Elisabetta Giannessi, Maria Rita Stornelli, Renato Vanacore, Giulia Stampacchia, Guido Pisani, Luciano Borghetti…
    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2008 1:53
  25. In the last 20 years, researchers have been using computer self-administered questionnaires to gather data on a wide range of adolescent health related behaviours. More recently, researchers collecting data in...

    Authors: Simon J Denny, Taciano L Milfont, Jennifer Utter, Elizabeth M Robinson, Shanthi N Ameratunga, Sally N Merry, Theresa M Fleming and Peter D Watson
    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2008 1:52
  26. Though prediction of protein secondary structures has been an active research issue in bioinformatics for quite a few years and many approaches have been proposed, a new challenge emerges as the sizes of conte...

    Authors: Darby Tien-Hao Chang, Yu-Yen Ou, Hao-Geng Hung, Meng-Han Yang, Chien-Yu Chen and Yen-Jen Oyang
    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2008 1:51
  27. The H/ACA family of small nucleolar RNAs (snoRNAs) plays a central role in guiding the pseudouridylation of ribosomal RNA (rRNA). In an effort to systematically identify the complete set of rRNA-modifying H/AC...

    Authors: Eva Freyhult, Sverker Edvardsson, Ivica Tamas, Vincent Moulton and Anthony M Poole
    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2008 1:49
  28. The introduction of PSA testing in Austria led to a steep increase of the incidence of prostate cancer. We want to present the course of the number of newly diagnosed cases of prostate cancer in Austria since ...

    Authors: Gerald Haidinger, Stephan Madersbacher, Georg Schatzl and Christian Vutuc
    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2008 1:48
  29. Extensive sequencing efforts have been taking place for the Atlantic cod (Gadus morhua) in recent years, the number of ESTs in the Genbank has reached more than 140.000. Despite its importance in North Atlantic f...

    Authors: Pål A Olsvik, Liv Søfteland and Kai K Lie
    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2008 1:47

    The Erratum to this article has been published in BMC Research Notes 2011 4:456

  30. Patients with HIV and hepatitis C virus (HCV) coinfection are at increased risk of developing hepatic steatosis. The aims of this study were to assess the prevalence of steatosis in a cohort with HIV-HCV coinf...

    Authors: Sumita Verma, Robert D Goldin and Janice Main
    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2008 1:46
  31. Successful microarray experimentation requires a complex interplay between the slide chemistry, the printing pins, the nucleic acid probes and targets, and the hybridization milieu. Optimization of these param...

    Authors: Richard JD Rouse, Katrine Field, Jennifer Lapira, Allen Lee, Ivan Wick, Colleen Eckhardt, C Ramana Bhasker, Laura Soverchia and Gary Hardiman
    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2008 1:45
  32. We have analysed the distribution of post mortem DNA damage derived miscoding lesions from the datasets of seven published Neandertal specimens that have extensive cloned sequence coverage over the mitochondrial ...

    Authors: Sergi Vives, M Thomas Gilbert, Conchita Arenas, Elena Gigli, Oscar Lao and Carles Lalueza-Fox
    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2008 1:40
  33. Acupuncture is commonly used to treat chronic sinusitis, though there is little documentation on the effect. This study presents the health-related quality of life (HRQoL) outcomes in a trial comparing traditi...

    Authors: Knut Stavem, Edna Røssberg and Pål G Larsson
    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2008 1:37
  34. Electron micrographs of bacteriophage T7 reveal a tail shorter than needed to reach host cytoplasm during infection-initiating injection of a T7 DNA molecule through the tail and cell envelope. However, recent...

    Authors: Philip Serwer, Elena T Wright, Kevin W Hakala and Susan T Weintraub
    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2008 1:36
  35. The aim of this study was to evaluate a simple diagnostic test for Gilbert's syndrome (GS), which avoids hospitalization and exposure to toxic test substrates. GS is the most frequent cause of isolated unconju...

    Authors: Niels Teich, Inken Lehmann, Jonas Rosendahl, Michael Tröltzsch, Joachim Mössner and Ingolf Schiefke
    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2008 1:35
  36. Classical and atypical bovine spongiform encephalopathies (BSEs) are cattle prion diseases. Distinct bovine prion gene (PRNP) alleles have been associated with classical and atypical BSE susceptibility. However, ...

    Authors: Michael L Clawson, Michael P Heaton, John W Keele, Timothy PL Smith, Gregory P Harhay, Juergen A Richt and William W Laegreid
    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2008 1:32
  37. The Swine Leukocyte Antigen (SLA) system encodes molecules for self-nonself discrimination and is associated with immune responses and disease resistance. Three lines of pigs defined by their SLA-DRB1 alleles ...

    Authors: Maria I Nino-Soto, Razi Jafari Jozani, Byram Bridle and Bonnie A Mallard
    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2008 1:31
  38. We have created a software implementation of a published and verified method for assigning probabilities to potential phosphorylation sites on peptides using mass spectrometric data. Our tool, named PhosCalc, ...

    Authors: Daniel MacLean, Michael A Burrell, David J Studholme and Alexandra ME Jones
    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2008 1:30
  39. During pregnancy the mammary epithelium undergoes a complex developmental process which culminates in the generation of the milk-secreting epithelium. Secretory epithelial cells display lactogenic differentiat...

    Authors: Richard Jäger, Leontios Pappas and Hubert Schorle
    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2008 1:29

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