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Table 1 Baseline descriptive information, mean and standard error diastolic and systolic blood pressure measurements and hypertension prevalence among adults in San Juan de Miraflores region of Lima, Peru, 2006.

From: Hypertension among adults in a deprived urban area of Peru – Undiagnosed and uncontrolled?

  Men
(n = 170)
Women
(n = 414)
p value Total
(n = 584)
Age group (n, %)    0.1611  
<30 years 49 (28.8) 146 (35.3)   195 (33.4)
30–49 years 103 (60.6) 237 (57.3)   340 (58.2)
50+ years 18 (10.6) 31 (7.5)   49 (8.4)
BMI (n, %)    0.0021  
Not overweight 78 (45.9) 149 (36.0)   227 (38.9)
Overweight 73 (42.9) 173 (41.8)   246 (42.1)
Obese 16 (9.4) 90 (21.7)   106 (18.2)
Missing 3 (1.8) 2 (0.5)   5 (0.9)
Household bedroom ratio (quartiles)    0.0211  
1 (lowest) 38 (22.4) 81 (19.6)   119 (20.4)
2 29 (17.1) 77 (18.6)   106 (18.2)
3 29 (17.1) 91 (22.0)   120 (20.6)
4 (highest) 65 (38.2) 113 (27.3)   178 (30.5)
Missing 9 (5.3) 52 (12.6)   61 (10.5)
Number of years of education    0.0051  
0 1 (0.6) 6 (1.5)   7 (1.2)
1 to 6 27 (15.9) 101 (24.4)   128 (21.9)
7 to 11 114 (67.1) 203 (49.0)   317 (54.3)
12 to 21 13 (7.7) 44 (10.6)   57 (9.8)
Missing 15 (8.8) 60 (14.5)   75 (12.8)
Systolic blood pressure (mmHg, SE) 119.3 (1.0) 109.5 (0.7) <0.0012  
Diastolic blood pressure (mmHg, SE) 74.9 (0.8) 68.3 (0.6) <0.0012  
Prevalence of hypertension (%, 95% CI)
<30 years 0 2.7 (0.1, 5.4) 0.2331 2.1 (0, 4.1)
30–49 years 14.6 (7.6, 21.5) 5.9 (2.9, 8.9) 0.0081 8.5 (5.5, 11.6)
50+ years 27.8 (6.0, 49.5) 29.0 (12.1, 46.0) 0.9271 28.6 (16.2, 41.0)
Crude (all ages) 11.8 (6.9, 16.7) 6.5 (4.1, 8.9) 0.0361 8.0 (5.8, 10.3)
Age standardized3 (20 to 70+ years) 19.5 (9.9, 29.1) 11.4 (3.7, 19.1) 0.6742 13.2 (5.0, 21.5)
  1. 1cluster design based p value from F statistic; 2z test; 3Standardized to the World Health Organization world population standard; SE standard error; CI confidence interval.