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  1. Music-related physical and mental health conditions are common among post-secondary music students, with many studies reporting a prevalence greater than 70%. However, there is currently no consensus on approp...

    Authors: Julius Bruder, Nikolaus Ballenberger, Bethany Villas, Charlotte Haugan, Kimiko McKenzie, Zalak Patel, Christoff Zalpour, Amynah Mevawala, Melisa Handl and Christine Guptill

    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2021 14:441

    Content type: Research note

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  2. Convalescent plasma has been tried as therapy for various viral infections. Early observational studies of convalescent plasma treatment for hospitalized COVID-19 patients were promising, but randomized contro...

    Authors: Karin Holm, Maria N. Lundgren, Jens Kjeldsen-Kragh, Oskar Ljungquist, Blenda Böttiger, Christian Wikén, Jonas Öberg, Nils Fernström, Ebba Rosendal, Anna K. Överby, Julia Wigren Byström, Mattias Forsell, Mona Landin-Olsson and Magnus Rasmussen

    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2021 14:440

    Content type: Research note

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  3. The aim of the present study was to adapt and optimize a broth microdilution method and compare it to the agar dilution method for the evaluation of activity of essential oils from medicinal plants against Gra...

    Authors: Vanegas David, Abril-Novillo Andrea, Khachatryan Aleksandr, Jerves-Andrade Lourdes, Peñaherrera Eugenia, Cuzco Nancy, Wilches Isabel, Calle Jessica and Fabián León-Tamariz

    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2021 14:439

    Content type: Research note

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  4. The biological importance for the signaling of C-type natriuretic peptide (CNP) and natriuretic peptide receptor B (NPR-B) has been recognized. However, the details remain unclear and are debatable. The Npr2 is a...

    Authors: Chizuru Sogawa-Fujiwara, Yasuhiro Fujiwara, Atsuki Hanagata, Qunhui Yang, Taiki Mihara, Noriyuki Kaji, Tetsuo Kunieda and Masatoshi Hori

    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2021 14:438

    Content type: Research note

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  5. This study aims to evaluate the correlation between electrolytes and serial miRNAs from our previous study. We want to prove that there is the molecular basis that underlying electrolytes disturbances as the p...

    Authors: Arif Riswahyudi Hanafi, Achmad Mulawarman Jayusman, Priscillia Imelda, Serafim Alfasunu, Ahmad Hamim Sadewa, Dibyo Pramono, Didik Setyo Heriyanto, Sofia Mubarika Haryana and Siti Boedina Kresno

    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2021 14:437

    Content type: Research note

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  6. Allelic imbalance (AI) is the differential expression of the two alleles in a diploid. AI can vary between tissues, treatments, and environments. Methods for testing AI exist, but methods are needed to estimat...

    Authors: Katrina Sherbina, Luis G. León-Novelo, Sergey V. Nuzhdin, Lauren M. McIntyre and Fabio Marroni

    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2021 14:436

    Content type: Research note

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  7. The “Bolsa-Família” Program (PBF) is a Brazilian conditional cash-transfer program in which families should comply with health, education, and social assistance conditionalities. The program aims to fight pove...

    Authors: Lais Baroni, Ronaldo Fernandes Santos Alves, Cristiano Siqueira Boccolini, Rebecca Salles, Raquel Gritz, Balthazar Paixão and Patricia de Moraes Mello Boccolini

    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2021 14:435

    Content type: Data note

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  8. Colloid solutions are commonly used to maintain perioperative fluid homeostasis. In regard to perioperative infant-centered care, data about the impact of colloids are rare. New data suggest a possible positiv...

    Authors: Martin A. Schick, Jonas Pippir, Manuel F. Struck, Jürgen Brugger, Winfried Neuhaus and Christian Wunder

    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2021 14:434

    Content type: Research note

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  9. Overconsumption of processed foods has led to an increase in chronic diet-related diseases such obesity and type 2 diabetes. Although diets high in fresh fruits and vegetables are linked with healthier outcome...

    Authors: Aaron Trautman, Richard Linchangco, Rachel Walstead, Jeremy J. Jay and Cory Brouwer

    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2021 14:433

    Content type: Research note

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  10. In streptococci, the type M resistance to macrolides is due to the mef(A)–msr(D) efflux transport system of the ATP-Binding cassette (ABC) superfamily, where it is proposed that mef(A) codes for the transmembrane...

    Authors: Valeria Fox, Francesco Santoro, Gianni Pozzi and Francesco Iannelli

    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2021 14:432

    Content type: Research note

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  11. In tannery processing, water consumption is high, which generates wastewater as a by-product and numerous pollutants such as chromium heavy metals that make adverse effects of water bodies and the surrounding ...

    Authors: Yigezu Mekonnen Bayisa, Tafere Aga Bullo and Desalegn Abdissa Akuma

    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2021 14:431

    Content type: Research note

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  12. Our aim in this study was to identify affective temperament differences utilizing the TEMPS-A in a large sample size of Lebanese patients with schizophrenia and compare them to healthy controls. Gender differe...

    Authors: Joseph E. Dib, Ilige Nehme, Chadia Haddad, Jocelyne Azar, Souheil Hallit and Sahar Obeid

    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2021 14:430

    Content type: Research note

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  13. During the COVID pandemic, government authorities worldwide have tried to limit the spread of the virus. Sweden’s distinctive feature was the use of voluntary public health recommendations. Few studies have ev...

    Authors: Claes Andersson, Marcus Bendtsen, Olof Molander, Lilian Granlund, Naira Topooco, Karin Engström, Petra Lindfors and Anne H. Berman

    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2021 14:429

    Content type: Research note

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  14. This study assessed changes in behaviors/attitudes related to the COVID-19. With the understanding that behaviors and vaccine decision-making could contribute to global spread of infectious diseases, this stud...

    Authors: Felicia Zhang, Shu-Fang Shih, Harapan Harapan, Yogambigai Rajamoorthy, Hao-Yuan Chang, Awnish Singh, Yihan Lu and Abram L. Wagner

    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2021 14:428

    Content type: Data note

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  15. DNA barcoding became an effective method for the identification and monitoring of bees. However, standard primer pairs used for barcoding often result in (co-) amplification of bacterial endosymbionts of the g...

    Authors: Christoph Bleidorn and Katharina Henze

    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2021 14:427

    Content type: Research note

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  16. In the diabetes treatment policy after the Kumamoto Declaration 2013, it is difficult to accurately predict the incidence of complications in patients using the JJ risk engine. This study was conducted to deve...

    Authors: Yasunari Yamashita, Gaku Inoue, Yoichi Nozaki, Rina Kitajima, Kiyoshi Matsubara, Takeshi Horii, Junichi Mohri, Koichiro Atsuda and Hajime Matsubara

    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2021 14:426

    Content type: Research note

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  17. The Caribbean is an important global biodiversity hotspot. Adaptive radiations there lead to many speciation events within a limited period and hence are particularly prominent biodiversity generators. A prime...

    Authors: Montrai Spikes, Rodet Rodríguez-Silva, Kerri-Ann Bennett, Stefan Bräger, James Josaphat, Patricia Torres-Pineda, Anja Ernst, Katja Havenstein, Ingo Schlupp and Ralph Tiedemann

    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2021 14:425

    Content type: Research note

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  18. To analyze changes in primary care utilization as a result of the Covid-19 pandemic. Swedish national register data from 2019 to 2020 on utilization of services were used to compare overall utilization levels ...

    Authors: Björn Ekman, Eva Arvidsson, Hans Thulesius, Jens Wilkens and Olof Cronberg

    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2021 14:424

    Content type: Research note

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  19. While it is known that nonresponse might produce biased results and impair the precision of results in survey research studies, the pattern of the impact on the precision of estimates due to the nonresponse in...

    Authors: Ming Ma, Sophie Rosenberg and Alexander M. Kaizer

    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2021 14:423

    Content type: Research note

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  20. Gold standard cause of death data is critically important to improve verbal autopsy (VA) methods in diagnosing cause of death where civil and vital registration systems are inadequate or poor. As part of a thr...

    Authors: Riley H. Hazard, Hafizur Rahman Chowdhury, Abraham D. Flaxman, Jonathan C. Joseph, Nurul Alam, Ian Douglas Riley, Peter Kim Streatfield, Hebe Gouda, Seri Maraga, Patricia Rarau, Diozele Sanvictores, Veronica Tallo, Marilla Lucero and Alan D. Lopez

    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2021 14:422

    Content type: Data note

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  21. To promote public health and resume university activities, COVID-19 vaccination has been mandated from an increasing number of universities worldwide. The objective of the study is to understand the factors th...

    Authors: Xue Li, Man Yui Chong, Ching Yui Chan, Vindy Wing Sun Chan and Xinning Tong

    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2021 14:421

    Content type: Research note

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  22. Pregnant women with bacterial vaginosis due to Gardnerella vaginalis (GV) infection presents with a wide-ranging disease symptomatology. We speculate this may be due to interaction that varies between host immune...

    Authors: Anushia Swaminathan, Nor Haslinda Abd Aziz, Najiah Ajlaa Ayub, Kon-Ken Wong and Fook-Choe Cheah

    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2021 14:420

    Content type: Research note

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  23. Mobile phones are used in research studies, to enroll and follow-up participants, collect data, and implement mHealth initiatives. We conducted a longitudinal study in a birth cohort, where infants were requir...

    Authors: Joseph L. Mathew, Pooja N. Patel, Abram L. Wagner, Vanita Suri, Bhavneet Bharti, Bradley F. Carlson and Matthew L. Boulton

    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2021 14:419

    Content type: Research note

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  24. Transcriptional profiling of immune cells is an indispensable tool in biomedical research; however, heterogenous sample types routinely used in transcriptomic studies may mask important cell type-specific tran...

    Authors: Amanda N. Henning, Daniel Green, Ryan Baumann, Patrick Grandinetti, Steven L. Highfill, Huizhi Zhou and Valeria De Giorgi

    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2021 14:418

    Content type: Research note

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  25. Neisseria meningitidis is a Gram-negative bacterium that causes meningitis. N. meningitidis serogroup W (NmW) capsule polymerase synthesizes capsular polysaccharide of this serogroup. This enzyme could be a tool ...

    Authors: Laleh Sheikhi Moghaddam, Ayobami Adegbite and Pumtiwitt C. McCarthy

    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2021 14:417

    Content type: Research note

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  26. Hypertension is a prevalent chronic disease globally. A multifaceted combination of risk factors is associated with hypertension. Scientific literature has shown the association among individual and environmen...

    Authors: Alireza Mohammadi, Elahe Pishgar, Neda Firouraghi, Nasser Bagheri, Ali Shamsoddini, Jaffar Abbas and Behzad Kiani

    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2021 14:416

    Content type: Data note

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  27. To adapt ‘fishplots’ to describe real-time evolution of SARS-CoV-2 genomic clusters.

    Authors: Alicia Arnott, Jenny Draper, Rebecca J. Rockett, Connie Lam, Rosemarie Sadsad, Mailie Gall, Elena Martinez, Roy Byun, Jennie Musto, Ben Marais, Sharon C.-A. Chen, Jen Kok, Dominic E. Dwyer and Vitali Sintchenko

    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2021 14:415

    Content type: Research note

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  28. Standardized pretest–posttest experimental designs with quantitative surveys are frequently applied to evaluate the effectiveness of health programs. However, this method is strongly informed by research on sa...

    Authors: Hanna Luetke Lanfer, Doreen Reifegerste and Sorie Ibrahim Kargbo

    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2021 14:414

    Content type: Research note

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  29. To determine at two distinct time points the prevalence of resistance to ofloxacin (OFX), the representative class drug of fluoroquinolones (FQs), in M. tuberculosis isolates susceptible to first-line drugs.

    Authors: Alvaro Schwalb, Rodrigo Cachay, Ericka Meza, Tatiana Cáceres, Amondrea Blackman, Fernanda Maruri, Timothy R. Sterling and Eduardo Gotuzzo

    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2021 14:413

    Content type: Research note

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  30. This study aimed to determine the prevalence of A. baumannii in children aged less than 1 year admitted with a clinical diagnosis of whooping cough.

    Authors: Isaac Peña-Tuesta, Cristina del Valle-Vargas, Veronica Petrozzi-Helasvuo, Miguel Angel Aguilar-Luis, Hugo Carrillo-Ng, Wilmer Silva-Caso and Juana del Valle-Mendoza

    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2021 14:412

    Content type: Research note

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  31. Recent studies showed that genetic polymorphisms in the fat mass and obesity-associated gene (FTO) were associated with obesity and dietary intake. In this study of 71 adults in Jakarta, Indonesia, we investigate...

    Authors: Athraa Alaulddin Al-Jawadi, Lidwina Priliani, Sukma Oktavianthi, Clarissa A. Febinia, Mulianah Daya, I Made Artika and Safarina G. Malik

    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2021 14:411

    Content type: Research note

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  32. The COVID-19 pandemic has impacted the mental health of people worldwide. Psychological resilience has been shown to buffer against the threat of the pandemic (i.e., COVID-19 fear) and sustain mental health. T...

    Authors: Daichi Sugawara, Yuan Gu, Akihiro Masuyama, Siew Li Ng, Evone Y. M. Phoo, Raja Intan Arifah Binti Raja Reza Shah, Takahiro Kubo, Yuta Chishima and Eugene Y. J. Tee

    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2021 14:409

    Content type: Data note

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  33. This study was aimed to present a conceptual framework about the misinformation surrounding COVID-19 outbreak in Iran. For this purpose, discourse analysis of two of the most common social virtual networks wer...

    Authors: Peivand Bastani, Seyyed Mostafa Hakimzadeh and Mohammad Amin Bahrami

    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2021 14:408

    Content type: Research note

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  34. Epithelial–mesenchymal transition (EMT) is involved in the development of proliferative vitreoretinopathy (PVR) and subsequent fibrosis. Previously, we demonstrated that placental extract ameliorates fibrosis ...

    Authors: Kyoko Igarashi, Koji Sugimoto and Eiichi Hirano

    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2021 14:407

    Content type: Research note

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  35. Salivary cortisol and cortisone are used as biomarkers of physiological stress. Careful sampling of saliva for profiling of awakening response and the diurnal slope can be challenging in free-living environmen...

    Authors: Sarah Overgaard Sørensen, Jesper Pedersen, Martin G. Rasmussen, Peter L. Kristensen and Anders Grøntved

    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2021 14:406

    Content type: Research note

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  36. There has been an important global interest in Open Science, which include open data and methods, in addition to open access publications. It has been proposed that public availability of raw data increases th...

    Authors: Diego A. Forero, Walter H. Curioso and George P. Patrinos

    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2021 14:405

    Content type: Commentary

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  37. A community-based cross-sectional study was done to assess Plasmodium falciparum exposure in areas with different malaria endemicity in north-eastern Tanzania using serological markers; PfAMA-1 and PfMSP-119.

    Authors: Robert D. Kaaya, Debora C. Kajeguka, Johnson J. Matowo, Arnold J. Ndaro, Franklin W. Mosha, Jaffu O. Chilongola and Reginald A. Kavishe

    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2021 14:404

    Content type: Research note

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  38. Charcot foot is a rare complication to neuropathy and can cause severe foot deformities and ulcerations, which often require prolonged antibiotical treatment. The objective of this retrospective study was to i...

    Authors: Rasmus Bo Jansen, Per E. Holstein, Bo Jørgensen, Klaus Kirketerp Møller and Ole Lander Svendsen

    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2021 14:403

    Content type: Research note

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  39. Severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) is the novel coronavirus causing severe respiratory illness (COVID-19). This virus was initially identified in Wuhan city, a populated area of the H...

    Authors: Seyyed Reza Mousavi, Maryam Sadat Sajjadi, Farinaz Khosravian, Sara Feizbakhshan, Sharareh Salmanizadeh, Zahra Taherian Esfahani, Faeze Ahmadi Beni, Ameneh Arab, Mohammad Kazemi, Kiana Shahzamani, Ramin Sami, Majid Hosseinzadeh, Mansoor Salehi and Hajie Lotfi

    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2021 14:401

    Content type: Research note

    Published on:

  40. Athletic performances are dynamic movements that are physically challenging and often predict individual success in ecological contexts. They stem from a complex integration of multiple phenotypic traits—e.g., mo...

    Authors: Erica de Rysky, Bisconti Roberta, Chiocchio Andrea and Canestrelli Daniele

    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2021 14:399

    Content type: Research note

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  41. Microbial analysis in milk preserved using heat-assisted Pulsed Electric Field (PEF) need to be assessed. In this study we analyze the microbial quality and virulence-associated genes in milk samples preserved...

    Authors: Suci Yuliangsih, Diana Elizabeth Waturangi and Yogiara

    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2021 14:397

    Content type: Research note

    Published on:

  42. Financial protection mechanisms are in place to overcome the costs of a few diseases in India. Our objective was to estimate the costs incurred due to Oral Potentially Malignant Disorders (OPMD) and to determi...

    Authors: Jay R. Patel and Mihir P. Rupani

    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2021 14:396

    Content type: Research note

    Published on:

  43. Near visual impairment (VI) is a common disability in an aging population. Near vision is crucial in activity of daily living including reading, smartphone and computer use and meal preparation. This study was...

    Authors: Qiu Ting Kee, Mohd Harimi Abd Rahman, Norliza Mohamad Fadzil, Zainora Mohammed and Suzana Shahar

    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2021 14:395

    Content type: Research note

    Published on:

  44. In previous studies using Illumina Infinium methylation arrays, we have identified DNA methylation marks associated with cancer predisposition and progression. In the present study, we have sought to find appr...

    Authors: Chenglong Yu, Pierre-Antoine Dugué, James G. Dowty, Fleur Hammet, JiHoon E. Joo, Ee Ming Wong, Mahnaz Hosseinpour, Graham G. Giles, John L. Hopper, Tu Nguyen-Dumont, Robert J. MacInnis and Melissa C. Southey

    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2021 14:394

    Content type: Research note

    Published on:

  45. To develop a collision engine (haptic force feedback simulator) compatible with a 5-degrees-of-freedom (DOF) haptic wand. This has broad applications such as telerobotic ultrasound systems. Integrating force f...

    Authors: Reza Fotouhi, Atieh Najafi Semnani, QianWei Zhang, Scott J. Adams and Haron Obaid

    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2021 14:393

    Content type: Research note

    Published on:

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