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  1. Ribonucleic acids (RNA) are involved in many cellular functions. In general, RNA is made up by only four different ribonucleotides. The modifications of RNA (epitranscriptome) can greatly enhance the structura...

    Authors: Hongzhou Wang, Jennifer H. Simpson, Madison E. Kotra, Yuanting Zhu, Saumya Wickramasinghe, David A. Mills and Norman H. L. Chiu

    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2021 14:154

    Content type: Research note

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  2. Tree legume species play an important role in forest restoration in the tropics. Understanding how different species adjust carbohydrate allocation and growth under distinct nutrient availability will enhance ...

    Authors: Roberto K. Jaquetti and José Francisco C. Gonçalves

    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2021 14:153

    Content type: Data note

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  3. Herd immunity is achieved when in a population, immune individuals are in a sufficiently large proportion. Neutralizing antibodies specific to SARS-CoV-2 that are produced following infection or vaccination ar...

    Authors: Amandine Mveang Nzoghe, Marielle Leboueny, Eliane Kuissi Kamgaing, Anicet Christel Maloupazoa Siawaya, Eliode Cyrien Bongho, Ofilia Mvoundza Ndjindji, Guy-Stephan Padzys, Bénédicte Ndeboko, Simon Ategbo and Joel Fleury Djoba Siawaya

    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2021 14:152

    Content type: Research note

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  4. The purpose of the present study was to investigate the antimicrobial susceptibility pattern, biofilm production, and the presence of biofilm genes among the S. maltophilia clinical isolates. A total of 85 clinic...

    Authors: Narjess Bostanghadiri, Abdollah Ardebili, Zohreh Ghalavand, Samane Teymouri, Mahsa Mirzarazi, Mehdi Goudarzi, Ehsan Ghasemi and Ali Hashemi

    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2021 14:151

    Content type: Research note

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  5. In this study we compare the amino acid and codon sequence of SARS-CoV-2, SARS-CoV and MERS-CoV using different statistics programs to understand their characteristics. Specifically, we are interested in how d...

    Authors: Jung Eun Huh, Seunghee Han and Taeseon Yoon

    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2021 14:150

    Content type: Research note

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  6. Deep extubation refers to endotracheal extubation performed while a patient is deeply anesthetized and without airway reflexes. After deep extubation, patients are sent to the post-anesthesia care unit (PACU) ...

    Authors: Jeremy Juang, Martha Cordoba, Mark Xiao, Alex Ciaramella, Jeremy Goldfarb, Jorge Enrique Bayter and Alvaro Andres Macias

    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2021 14:149

    Content type: Research note

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  7. Breast cancer (BC) is one of the most common diseases in women globally, with an increasing number of deaths associated with it. Recently the role of polymorphisms in the genes encoding cytokines and immune ce...

    Authors: Hadi Rezaeean, Gholam Abbas Kaydani, Najmaldin Saki, Sasan Razmjoo, Maryam Labibzadeh and Hamid Yaghooti

    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2021 14:147

    Content type: Research note

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  8. This study aimed to identify novel genetic variants in the CR2 extracellular domain of the epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) in healthy individuals and patients with six different types of adenocarcinoma...

    Authors: Maryam Marzouq, Ali Nairouz, Noureddine Ben Khalaf, Sonia Bourguiba-Hachemi, Raed Quaddorah, Dana Ashoor and M. Dahmani Fathallah

    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2021 14:146

    Content type: Research note

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  9. Prediabetes is prevalent in people living with HIV (PLWH). Insufficient and irregular sleep are linked to abnormal glucose metabolism. This study aimed to investigate the differences in sleep characteristics b...

    Authors: Hataikarn Nimitphong, Somnuek Sungkanuparph, Chatvara Areevut, Sunee Saetung, Ratanaporn Jerawatana, Amornrat Hathaidechadusadee, Supaporn Somwang, Wanabhorn Tongchom, Nampeth Saibuathong, Jandanee Sakmanarit, Orawan Pichitchaipitak, Angsana Phuphuakrat and Sirimon Reutrakul

    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2021 14:145

    Content type: Research note

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  10. The aim of this study was to investigate the genetic relatedness and antimicrobial resistance among Shigella species isolated from food and stool samples. Using cross sectional study method, Shigella spp. were is...

    Authors: Babak Pakbin, Abdollah Didban, Yousef Khazaye Monfared, Razzagh Mahmoudi, Amir Peymani and Mohammad Reza Modabber

    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2021 14:144

    Content type: Research note

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  11. Identifying orthology relationships among sequences is essential to understand evolution, diversity of life and ancestry among organisms. To build alignments of orthologous sequences, phylogenomic pipelines of...

    Authors: Mick Van Vlierberghe, Hervé Philippe and Denis Baurain

    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2021 14:143

    Content type: Data note

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  12. This study aimed to validate the Sick, Control, One stone, Fat, and Food (SCOFF) questionnaire in relation to the Eating Disorders Examination Questionnaire (EDE-Q) and to examine the appropriateness of a ques...

    Authors: Yutaka Hosoda, Toshiyuki Ohtani, Hisashi Hanazawa, Mami Tanaka, Hiroshi Kimura, Noriaki Ohsako, Tasuku Hashimoto, Osamu Kobori, Masaomi Iyo and Michiko Nakazato

    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2021 14:142

    Content type: Research note

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  13. Although children from language backgrounds other than English (LBOTE) may be disadvantaged in English-reliant exams, they outperform children from an English language background (ELB) on many Australian Natio...

    Authors: Louisa Gibson and Melanie Porter

    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2021 14:141

    Content type: Research note

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  14. The COVID-19 pandemic and the measures implemented to stop the pandemic had a broad impact on our daily lives. Besides work and social life, health care is affected on many levels. In particular, there is conc...

    Authors: Mandy Vogel, Christoph Beger, Ruth Gausche, Anne Jurkutat, Roland Pfaeffle, Antje Körner, Christof Meigen, Tanja Poulain and Wieland Kiess

    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2021 14:140

    Content type: Research note

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  15. To evaluate the number of out-of-hospital cardiac arrest (OHCA) patients eligible for extracorporeal cardiopulmonary resuscitation (ECPR) in Saskatchewan and their clinical outcomes, including survival and neu...

    Authors: Brendan Lee, Adam Clay and Eric Sy

    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2021 14:139

    Content type: Research note

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  16. Snails secrete different types of mucus that serve several functions, and are increasingly being exploited for medical and cosmetic applications. In this study, we explored the protein pattern and compared the...

    Authors: Nattaphop Noothuan, Kantamas Apitanyasai, Somsak Panha and Anchalee Tassanakajon

    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2021 14:138

    Content type: Research note

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  17. The study aims to generate the whole genome sequence of L. monocytogenes strain S2542 and to compare it to the genomes of strains RO15 and ScottA. In addition, we aimed to compare gene expression profiles of L. m...

    Authors: Ilhan Cem Duru, Florentina Ionela Bucur, Margarita Andreevskaya, Anne Ylinen, Peter Crauwels, Leontina Grigore-Gurgu, Bahareh Nikparvar, Tone Mari Rode, Pia Laine, Lars Paulin, Trond Løvdal, Christian U. Riedel, Nadav Bar, Daniela Borda, Anca Ioana Nicolau and Petri Auvinen

    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2021 14:137

    Content type: Research note

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  18. Our goal was to research and develop exploratory analysis tools for clinical notes, which now are underrepresented to limit the diversity of data insights on medically relevant applications.

    Authors: Xudong Zhu, Joseph M. Plasek, Chunlei Tang, Wasim Al-Assad, Zhikun Zhang, Yun Xiong, Liqin Wang, Sharmitha Yerneni, Carlos Ortega, Min-Jeoung Kang, Li Zhou, David W. Bates and Patricia C. Dykes

    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2021 14:136

    Content type: Research note

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  19. Skeletal muscle size is considered a predictor of prognosis in patients with respiratory diseases including Mycobacterium avium complex lung disease. However, no research focused on its impact on prognosis in pat...

    Authors: Ai Tanaka, Kosaku Komiya, Mari Yamasue, Yumiko Ando, Yukiko Takeno, Shuichi Takikawa, Kazufumi Hiramatsu and Jun-ichi Kadota

    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2021 14:134

    Content type: Research note

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  20. Our study focuses on evaluating the factors associated with vasovagal syncope (VVS) when having a pain procedure at the pain clinic as well as showing variation in vital signs associated with fainting across d...

    Authors: Sara Kamar, Souheil Hallit and Souheil Chamandi

    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2021 14:133

    Content type: Research note

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  21. Several essential factors have played a crucial role in the spreading mechanism of COVID-19 (Coronavirus disease 2019) in the human population. These factors include undetected cases, asymptomatic cases, and s...

    Authors: Dipo Aldila, Brenda M. Samiadji, Gracia M. Simorangkir, Sarbaz H. A. Khosnaw and Muhammad Shahzad

    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2021 14:132

    Content type: Research note

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  22. Sperm ageing has major evolutionary implications but has received comparatively little attention. Ageing in sperm and other cells is driven largely by oxidative damage from reactive oxygen species (ROS) genera...

    Authors: Biz R. Turnell, Luisa Kumpitsch, Anne-Cécile Ribou and Klaus Reinhardt

    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2021 14:131

    Content type: Research note

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  23. An understanding of the trajectory and norm of development in children is needed in order to understand the concept of the spectrum in the diagnosis of autism spectrum disorder (ASD). Children’s developmental ...

    Authors: For-Wey Lung and Bih-Ching Shu

    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2021 14:130

    Content type: Research note

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  24. The present simulation study aimed to assess positive predictive value (PPV) and negative predictive value (NPV) for our newly introduced Accounting for Expected Adjusted Effect test (AEAE test) and compare it...

    Authors: Kimmo Sorjonen, Gustav Nilsonne, Bo Melin and Michael Ingre

    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2021 14:129

    Content type: Research note

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  25. In this study, the performance of a commercially available malaria LAMP assay (Alethia® Malaria Plus LAMP) was evaluated using retrospective clinical samples obtained from travelers returning to the United Sta...

    Authors: Dragan Ljolje, Rispah Abdallah and Naomi W. Lucchi

    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2021 14:128

    Content type: Research note

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  26. Transient receptor potential ankyrin 1 (TRPA1) is an excitatory ion channel expressed on a subset of sensory neurons. TRPA1 is activated by a host of noxious stimuli including pollutants, irritants, oxidative ...

    Authors: Parmvir K. Bahia and Thomas E. Taylor-Clark

    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2021 14:127

    Content type: Research note

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  27. The current experiment aimed to assess the impact of detergents such as 3% Triton X-100, 1% peracetic acid, 1% Tween-20, and 1% SDS in combination with Trypsin–EDTA on acellularization of ovine aortae after 7 ...

    Authors: Morteza Heidarzadeh, Reza Rahbarghazi, Shirin Saberianpour, Aref Delkhosh, Hassan Amini, Emel Sokullu and Mehdi Hassanpour

    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2021 14:126

    Content type: Research note

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  28. Family-based multi-component weight management programmes are recommended for adolescents with obesity in England and Wales, however, these programmes suffer from poor uptake and high attrition rates. This stu...

    Authors: Helen M. Jones, Oyinlola Oyebode, G. J. Melendez-Torres and Lena Al-Khudairy

    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2021 14:125

    Content type: Research note

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  29. Currently, next generation sequencing (NGS) is widely used to decode potential novel or variant pathogens both in emergent outbreaks and in routine clinical practice. However, the efficient identification of n...

    Authors: Gary Xie and Jeanne M. Fair

    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2021 14:122

    Content type: Research note

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  30. This article has been retracted. Please see the Retraction Notice for more detail: https://doi.org/10.1186/s13104-021-05537-4

    Authors: Jayaweera Arachchige Asela Sampath Jayaweera and Anpalaham Joseph

    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2021 14:121

    Content type: Retraction Note

    Published on:

    The original article was published in BMC Research Notes 2018 11:474

  31. The Sumatran rhinoceros is critically endangered, with fewer than 100 individuals surviving across its current range. Accurate census estimates of the remaining populations are essential for development and im...

    Authors: Jessica R. Brandt, Sinta H. Saidah, Kai Zhao, Yasuko Ishida, Isabella Apriyana, Oliver A. Ryder, Widodo Ramono, Herawati Sudoyo, Helena Suryadi, Peter J. Van Coeverden de Groot and Alfred L. Roca

    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2021 14:119

    Content type: Research note

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  32. The research aimed to determine the prevalence and associated factors of uncontrolled hyperlipidemia among Thai patients with the disease and Clinical ASCVD.

    Authors: Teeraboon Lertwanichwattana, Ram Rangsin and Boonsub Sakboonyarat

    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2021 14:118

    Content type: Research note

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  33. Agarwood is the aromatic heartwood formed upon wounding of Aquilaria trees either naturally formed due to physical wound sustained from natural phenomena followed by microbial infection, or artificially induced u...

    Authors: Farah Adibah Abdul Kadir, Kamalrul Azlan Azizan and Roohaida Othman

    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2021 14:117

    Content type: Data note

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  34. Different studies with adolescents address the difficulty they have to adhere to oral dental treatments. Therefore, better understanding the processes involved in adherence to treatment in this population is n...

    Authors: Jaqueline Vilela Bulgareli, Karine Laura Cortellazzi, Luciane Miranda Guerra, Gláucia Maria Bovi Ambrosano, Armando Koichiro Kaieda, Inara Pereira da Cunha, Fabiana de Lima Vazquez and Antonio Carlos Pereira

    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2021 14:116

    Content type: Research note

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  35. CD4 Lymphocyte Count (CD4) is a major predictor of HIV progression to AIDS. Exploring the factors affecting CD4 levels may assist healthcare staff and patients in management and monitoring of health cares. Thi...

    Authors: Maryam Farhadian, Younes Mohammadi, Mohammad Mirzaei and Nasrin Shirmohammadi-Khorram

    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2021 14:114

    Content type: Research note

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  36. Diversion of less urgent emergency medical services (EMS) callers to alternative primary care (PC) is much debated. Using data from the EMACROSS survey of respiratory ED patients, we aimed to characterize self...

    Authors: Felix Holzinger, Sarah Oslislo, Rebecca Resendiz Cantu, Martin Möckel and Christoph Heintze

    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2021 14:113

    Content type: Research note

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  37. Microbes can contaminate foodstuffs resulting in foodborne illnesses. Investigating microbial hazards in foods at the point of sale with rapid tools is required to avoid foodborne illness outbreaks. The curren...

    Authors: Dalia F. Khater, Radwa A. Lela, Mohamed El-Diasty, Shawky A. Moustafa and Gamal Wareth

    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2021 14:112

    Content type: Research note

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  38. Intellectual Disability (ID) represents a neuropsychiatric disorder, which its etiopathogenesis remains insufficiently understood. Mutations in the Aristaless Related Homeobox gene (ARX) have been identified to c...

    Authors: Yousra Benmakhlouf, Renaud Touraine, Ines Harzallah, Zeineb Zian, Kaoutar Ben Makhlouf, Amina Barakat, Naima Ghailani Nourouti and Mohcine Bennani Mechita

    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2021 14:110

    Content type: Research note

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  39. Human T cell leukemia virus-1 (HTLV-1) infection may lead to one or both diseases including HTLV-1-associated myelopathy/tropical spastic paraparesis (HAM/TSP) or adult T cell leukemia lymphoma (ATLL). The com...

    Authors: Mohadeseh Zarei-Ghobadi, Mohsen Sheikhi, Majid Teymoori-Rad, Sahar Yaslianifard, Mehdi Norouzi, Somayeh Yaslianifard, Reza Faraji, Mohammad Farahmand, Shiva Bayat, Mohieddin Jafari and Sayed-Hamidreza Mozhgani

    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2021 14:109

    Content type: Research note

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  40. The emergence of colistin-resistant Enterobacteriaceae from human and animal sources is one of the major public health concerns as colistin is the last-resort antibiotic for treating infections caused by multidru...

    Authors: Kayhan Ilbeigi, Mahdi Askari Badouei, Hossein Vaezi, Hassan Zaheri, Sina Aghasharif and Khatereh Kafshdouzan

    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2021 14:107

    Content type: Research note

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  41. Silica gel beads have promise as a non-toxic, cost-effective, portable method for storing environmental DNA (eDNA) immobilized on filter membranes. Consequently, many ecological surveys are turning to silica b...

    Authors: Michael J. Allison, Jessica M. Round, Lauren C. Bergman, Ali Mirabzadeh, Heather Allen, Aron Weir and Caren C. Helbing

    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2021 14:106

    Content type: Research note

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  42. The major objective of the study was to sequence the whole genome of four Bangladeshi individuals and identify variants that are known to be associated with functional changes or disease states. We also carrie...

    Authors: Salim Khan, Shahina Akter, Barna Goswami, Ahashan Habib, Tanjina Akhtar Banu, Carl Barton, Eshrar Osman, Samiruzzaman Samir, Farida Arjuman, Saam Hasan and Maqsud Hossain

    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2021 14:105

    Content type: Research note

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