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  1. Content type: Research note

    The aim of this study was to assess the occurrence of malaria outbreak and investigate contracting factors of malaria in Simada District, Northwest Ethiopia. A single observation original research.

    Authors: Baymot Workineh, Fantahun Ayenew Mekonnen, Mekonnen Sisay and Kedir Abdela Gonete

    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2019 12:280

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  2. Content type: Research note

    Toxoplasma gondii is an opportunistic parasite that causes a clinical manifestation known as toxoplasmosis. We investigated the prevalence and potential risk factors of T. gondii infection among women in Khartoum...

    Authors: Madinna Mustafa, Fatima Fathy, Abubaker Mirghani, Mona A. Mohamed, Mohamed S. Muneer, Abdallah E. Ahmed, Mohamed Siralkhatim Ali, Rihab A. Omer, Emmanuel E. Siddig, Nouh S. Mohamed and Amjed M. Abd Elkareem

    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2019 12:279

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  3. Content type: Research note

    Peptic ulcer disease is a condition in which an important role has infection with H. pylori. The most common complication of peptic ulcer is bleeding. The presence of H. pylori triggers local and systemic cytokin...

    Authors: Ljiljana Milic, Aleksandar Karamarkovic, Dusan Popadic, Ana Sijacki, Ilijana Grigorov, Emina Milosevic, Vladica Cuk and Predrag Pesko

    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2019 12:278

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  4. Content type: Research note

    Cell-free DNA (cfDNA) is an attractive cancer biomarker, as it is thought to reflect a component of the underlying genetic makeup of the tumor and is readily accessible in serial fashion. Because chemotherapy ...

    Authors: Katherin Patsch, Naim Matasci, Anjana Soundararajan, Patricia Diaz, David B. Agus, Daniel Ruderman and Mitchell E. Gross

    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2019 12:275

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  5. Content type: Research note

    Removal of selection marker genes from transgenic plants is highly desirable for their regulatory approval and public acceptance. This study evaluated the use of two nucleases, the yeast homing endonuclease, I-Sc...

    Authors: Bhuvan P. Pathak, Eliott Pruett, Huazhong Guan and Vibha Srivastava

    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2019 12:272

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  6. Content type: Research note

    The risk of atherosclerotic cardiovascular disease (ASCVD) is estimated using the American College of Cardiology (ACC)/American Heart Association (AHA) Pooled Cohort Equations (PCEs). However, the accuracy of ...

    Authors: Takashi Kuragaichi, Yuki Kataoka, Chisato Miyakoshi, Tadashi Miyamoto and Yukihito Sato

    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2019 12:271

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  7. Content type: Research note

    The elderly population over 65 is increasing globally, and interventions promoting health and preventive work, especially fall prevention, will constitute a large part of physiotherapists’ duties in the near f...

    Authors: Marina Arkkukangas and Staffan Hultgren

    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2019 12:270

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  8. Content type: Research note

    The purpose of the study was to generate information on the safety of probiotics, thus the study objectives were to evaluate the effects of Yoba® on basic physiochemical properties. The study assessed male w1118

    Authors: Keneth Iceland Kasozi, Aisha Bukenya, Ejike Daniel Eze, Josephine Kasolo, Dickson Stuart Tayebwa, Fred Ssempijja, Joy Suubo, Andrew Tamale, Isaac Echoru, Ibrahim Ntulume, Sarah Kemuma Onkoba, Lisa Nkatha Micheni, Emmanuel Tiyo Ayikobua, Oscar Hilary Asiimwe and Muhamudu Kalange

    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2019 12:269

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  9. Content type: Research note

    Mobile Health approaches show promise as a delivery mode for alcohol screening and brief intervention. The ‘YourCall’ trial evaluated the effect of a low-intensity mobile phone text message brief intervention ...

    Authors: Sarah Sharpe, Bridget Kool, Robyn Whittaker, Arier C. Lee, Papaarangi Reid, Ian Civil and Shanthi Ameratunga

    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2019 12:267

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  10. Content type: Research note

    A reliable detection of bony landmarks of the spine is necessary in order to determine rigid bodies and to reduce the variability of marker placement in a movement laboratory setting. In a first study on the t...

    Authors: Markus J. Ernst, Bettina B. Sommer, André Meichtry and Christoph M. Bauer

    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2019 12:265

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  11. Content type: Research note

    One of the pervasive problems in schools that has adverse implication on the wellbeing of students, is bullying victimisation. However, within sub-Saharan Africa, only few studies have examined how psychologic...

    Authors: Diane Korkor Arhin, Kwaku Oppong Asante, Nuworza Kugbey and Mabel Oti-Boadi

    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2019 12:264

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  12. Content type: Research note

    Laser/photocoagulation criteria for retinopathy of prematurity (ROP) are generally universal, with > 90% anatomic success reported in varied settings. Outcomes in the Philippines, a developing/lower-middle inc...

    Authors: David Francis Fullon Chan and Milagros M. Herrera-Arroyo

    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2019 12:263

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  13. Content type: Research note

    Intestinal parasitic infections are among the major cause of diseases of public health problems in sub-Saharan Africa. In Ethiopia, epidemiological information on street dwellers is very limited. So, this stud...

    Authors: Daniel Getacher Feleke, Edosa Kebede Wage, Tigist Getachew and Alemu Gedefie

    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2019 12:262

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  14. Content type: Research note

    Circulating microRNAs are promising diagnostics and prognostics biomarkers in a wide variety of diseases. However, there is a critical reproducibility challenge, which in part may be due to preanalytical facto...

    Authors: Helle Glud Binderup, Jonna Skov Madsen, Claus Lohman Brasen, Kim Houlind and Rikke Fredslund Andersen

    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2019 12:261

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  15. Content type: Research note

    Methicillin resistant Staphylococcus (S.) aureus colonization is one of the main causes of serious infections in hemodialysis patients. This cross-sectional study was performed to examine prevalence of MRSA colon...

    Authors: Fatemeh Ravanbakhsh Ghavghani, Leila Rahbarnia, Behrooz Naghili, Alireza Dehnad, Ahad Bazmani, Mojtaba Varshochi and Mohammad Hossein Ghaffari Agdam

    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2019 12:260

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  16. Content type: Research note

    The objective of this paper is to develop a context-mapping tool (SAFE-LEAD Context) adapted to the nursing home and homecare setting. These two contexts represent a substantial variability, but studies focusi...

    Authors: Siri Wiig, Karina Aase, Terese Johannessen, Elisabeth Holen-Rabbersvik, Line Hurup Thomsen, Hester van de Bovenkamp, Roland Bal and Eline Ree

    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2019 12:259

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  17. Content type: Research note

    Use next-generation sequencing to develop microsatellite loci that will provide the variability necessary for studies of genetic diversity and population connectivity of two New World vulture species.

    Authors: Darren J. Wostenberg, Jennifer A. Fike, Sara J. Oyler-McCance, Michael L. Avery and Antoinette J. Piaggio

    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2019 12:257

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  18. Content type: Research note

    Women undergoing assisted reproductive technology treatment, are often anxious and depressed because of their fertility problem and the uncertainties of the treatment with which they have to deal. On the other...

    Authors: Saman Maroufizadeh, Behnaz Navid, Reza Omani-Samani and Payam Amini

    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2019 12:256

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  19. Content type: Research note

    Highly active antiretroviral therapy reduces HIV related morbidity and mortality dramatically. Despite this fact, late ART initiation poses poor treatment outcome in pediatrics. However, the information is sca...

    Authors: Getaneh Mulualem Belay, Eshetu Haileselassie Engeda and Amare Demsie Ayele

    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2019 12:255

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  20. Content type: Correction

    Following publication of the original article [1], the authors reported that one of the authors’ names was spelled incorrectly. In this Correction the incorrect and correct author name are shown.

    Authors: Milkiyas Toru, Getnet Beyene, Tesfaye Kassa, Zeleke Gizachew, Rawleigh Howe and Biruk Yeshitela

    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2019 12:254

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    The original article was published in BMC Research Notes 2018 11:281

  21. Content type: Research note

    S. pneumoniae responsible for a range of respiratory infections from uncomplicated to severe invasive pneumococcal disease. Nasopharyngeal specimens were collected from children attending kindergarten and aged ≤ ...

    Authors: Gizaw Abaye, Hailu Fekadu, Kelili Haji, Desalegn Alemu, Antehun Alemayehu Anjulo and Debela T. Yadate

    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2019 12:253

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  22. Content type: Data note

    The objective of this experiment was to identify transcripts in baker’s yeast (Saccharomyces cerevisiae) that could have originated from previously non-coding genomic regions, or de novo. We generated this data t...

    Authors: William R. Blevins, Lucas B. Carey and M. Mar Albà

    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2019 12:250

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  23. Content type: Research note

    The objective of this study was to assess workplace stress and associated factors among health care professionals working in public health care facilities in Bahir Dar city, Northwest Ethiopia, 2017.

    Authors: Selam Gebeyehu and Balew Zeleke

    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2019 12:249

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  24. Content type: Research note

    Transmission of wild polioviruses (WPVs) and vaccine-derived polioviruses (VDPVs) have been interrupted in Cameroon since July 2014. Subsequently, Cameroon withdrew Sabin type 2 from routine immunization in Ap...

    Authors: Daniel Kamga Njile, Serge Alain Sadeuh-Mba, Marie-Claire Endegue-Zanga, Marcellin Nimpa Mengouo, Marlise Dontsop Djoumetio, Franky Baonga Ba Pouth, Ousmane Madiagne Diop and Richard Njouom

    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2019 12:248

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  25. Content type: Research note

    This study aimed at assessing the nutritional status among the elderly population and factors associated with malnutrition in the community setting in rural Nepal.

    Authors: Man Kumar Tamang, Uday Narayan Yadav, Hassan Hosseinzadeh, Bharat Kafle, Girish Paudel, Saroj Khatiwada and Varalakshmi Chandra Sekaran

    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2019 12:246

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  26. Content type: Research note

    At present, cholecystectomy is carried out for thalassaemia patients with gall stone disease only if they develop symptoms of cholecystitis, except in the rare instance where an un-inflammed gall bladder is re...

    Authors: Anuja Premawardhena, Roshanthi Fernando, Sumudu Kumarage, Nilanga Nishad, Dilith Goonatilleke, Ishari Silva and Sachith Mettananda

    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2019 12:245

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  27. Content type: Research note

    Diabetic foot ulcers (DFUs) often lead to hospital admissions, amputations and deaths; however, there is no up-to-date information on microbial isolates from DFUs and no mention of utilization of molecular tec...

    Authors: Daniel M. Mutonga, Marianne W. Mureithi, Nancy N. Ngugi and Fredrick C. F. Otieno

    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2019 12:244

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  28. Content type: Research note

    Resting CD4+ T cells are major reservoirs of latent HIV-1 infection, and may be formed during the early phase of the infection. Although CCR5-tropic (R5) HIV-1 is highly transmissible during the early phase, newl...

    Authors: Kazutaka Terahara, Ryutaro Iwabuchi, Masahito Hosokawa, Yohei Nishikawa, Haruko Takeyama, Yoshimasa Takahashi and Yasuko Tsunetsugu-Yokota

    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2019 12:242

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  29. Content type: Research note

    Despite the fact that immunization services are offered free of charge in Ethiopia but the coverage of complete vaccination is still low. The aim of the study is to determine incomplete vaccination and associa...

    Authors: Ayenew Engida Yismaw, Nega Tezera Assimamaw, Netsanent Habetie Bayu and Shegaye Shumet Mekonen

    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2019 12:241

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  30. Content type: Research note

    This cross-sectional study was conducted on 399 patients at Hawassa University Comprehensive Specialized Hospital from February 15 to March 30/2018 to assess the length of stay (LOS) and its associated factors...

    Authors: Getahun H/meskel Alemu, Keneni Gutema Negari, Kaleb Mayisso Rodamo and Agete Tadewos Hirigo

    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2019 12:239

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  31. Content type: Research note

    Efforts to dual eradication of mother-to-child transmission of human immune deficiency virus (HIV) and syphilis have improved in the previous decades. This has however been hindered by limited validation studi...

    Authors: Ivan Mugisha Taremwa, Alupakusadi Twelwanike, Bashir Mwambi and Christine Atuhairwe

    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2019 12:238

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  32. Content type: Research note

    To investigate whether nasal high-frequency oscillatory ventilation (nHFOV) started immediately after extubation of mechanically ventilated very low birth weight infants reduces the partial pressure of carbon ...

    Authors: Hendrik S. Fischer, Christoph Bührer and Christoph Czernik

    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2019 12:237

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  33. Content type: Research note

    To determine the prevalence of Plasmodium falciparum multi-drug resistant gene-1 (Pfmdr-1) N86Y and D1246Y genotypes among febrile malaria outpatients attending Lira Regional Referral Hospital, Uganda.

    Authors: Emmanuel Achol, Stephen Ochaya, Geoffrey M. Malinga, Hillary Edema and Richard Echodu

    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2019 12:235

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  34. Content type: Research note

    We recently showed that the anti-helminthic compound mebendazole (MBZ) has immunomodulating activity by inducing a M2 to M1 phenotype switch in monocyte/macrophage models. In the present study we investigated ...

    Authors: Kristin Blom, Jenny Rubin, Malin Berglund, Malin Jarvius, Lena Lenhammar, Vendela Parrow, Claes Andersson, Angelica Loskog, Mårten Fryknäs, Peter Nygren and Rolf Larsson

    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2019 12:234

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  35. Content type: Research note

    Limited sample sizes are often a problem for species of conservation concern when using genetic tools to make population assessments. Lack of analytical power from small sample sizes can be compensated for by ...

    Authors: Amelia J. Armstrong, Christine L. Dudgeon, Carlos Bustamante, Michael B. Bennett and Jennifer R. Ovenden

    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2019 12:233

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  36. Content type: Research note

    The addition of residual oils such as palm fibre oil (PFO) and sludge palm oil (SPO) to crude palm oil (CPO) can be problematic within supply chains. PFO is thought to aggravate the accumulation of monochlorop...

    Authors: Abrizah Othman, Kirstie A. Goggin, Noor Idayu Tahir, Emma Brodrick, Rajinder Singh, Ravigadevi Sambanthamurthi, Ghulam K. A. Parveez, Antony N. Davies, Abdul J. Murad, Nor H. Muhammad, Umi S. Ramli and Denis J. Murphy

    Citation: BMC Research Notes 2019 12:229

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