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Table 1 List of the most common symptoms evaluated in both sexes.

From: Analysis of clinical and demographic characteristics of patients presenting with renal colic in the emergency department

Symptoms Total n = 235 n (%) Male n = 178 n (%) Female n = 57 n (%) P value
Side pain, flank pain 195 (82.9) 150 (84.2) 45 (78.9) 0.352
Abdominal pain, cramps, spasms 44 (18.7) 25 (14.0) 19 (33.3) 0.001
Pain radiation to the testicles or the vulvar area 32 (13.6) 28 (15.7) 4 (7.0) 0.950
Back pain, ache, soreness 20 (8.5) 14 (7.9) 6 (10.5) 0.586
Nausea and vomiting 20 (8.5) 13 (7.3) 7 (12.3) 0.276
Color change in urine 16 (6.8) 14 (7.9) 2 (3.5) 0.370
Painful urination 14 (5.9) 10 (5.6) 4 (7.0) 0.749
Fever 14 (7.2) 9 (5.0) 5 (8.8) 0.336
Groin pain 8 (3.4) 6 (3.4) 2 (3.5) 0.989
Urinary retention 7 (2.9) 6 (3.4) 1 (1.7) 0.981