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Table 3 Overweight and obesity prevalences and adjusted effects of potential risk factors in adults.

From: Obesity and overweight prevalences in rural and urban populations in East Spain and its association with undiagnosed hypertension and Diabetes Mellitus: a cross-sectional population-based survey

  Overweight Obesity
Risk factor Prevalence
(%)
RPR 95%CI P-value Prevalence
(%)
RPR 95%CI P-value
Age
   ≤ 34 27.4 1(ref.) -   5.7 1(ref.) -  
   35–44 29.9 1.40 0.87–2.26   14.7 2.89 1.28–6.54  
   45–54 44.2 4.51 2.76–7.39 <0.001 21.5 4.55 2.05–10.10 <0.001
   55–64 42.6 3.29 2.06–5.24   34.8 8.89 4.02–19.65  
   ≥ 65 43.4 4.42 2.78–7.01   33.9 8.75 4.00–19.14  
Gender
   Women† 34.9 1(ref.) -   26.8 1(ref.) -  
   Men 50.4 2.06 1.62–2.63 <0.001 23.8 1.10 0.82–1.47 NS
Area
   Urban† 38.3 1(ref.) -   26.2 1(ref.) -  
   Rural 46.6 1.57 1.19–2.07 <0.001 27.8 1.31 0.96–1.80 NS
  1. Overweight: Subjects with BMI = 25.0–29.9 Kg/m2
  2. Obesity: Subjects with BMI ≥ 30.0 Kg/m2
  3. RPR: Relative Prevalence Ratio adjusted for age, gender and place of residence
  4. † Referent group
  5. P-value based on Pearson's chi-square test
  6. NS = Non-Significant