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Table 1 Risk factors associated with Hepatitis B in Males

From: Determination of risk factors for hepatitis B and C in male patients suffering from chronic hepatitis

Risk factors   HBV
(n = 327)
Controls
(n = 723)
Odds Ratio (OR)
95% Confidence Interval (CI)
 
   No % No %   P-value
Any family member suffering
from hepatitis B or C
Yes 140 42.8 33 4.6 15.6 (10.1-24.1) 0.001
  No 187 57.2 690 95.4   
Any family member died
of liver disease
Yes 17 5.2 22 3.0 1.7 (0.8-3.4) 0.124
  No 310 94.8 701 97.0   
Where do you get your shave No 25 7.6 72 10.0 Reference
  Home 59 18.0 159 22.0 1.1 (0.6-1.9) 0.919
  Barber 243 74.3 492 68.0 1.4 (1.0-2.3) 0.184
Dental extract/filling/scaling Yes 117 35.8 151 20.9 2.1 (1.5-2.8) 0.001
  No 210 64.2 572 79.1   
Surgery Yes 47 14.4 82 11.3 1.3 (0.8-1.9) 0.199
  No 280 85.6 641 88.7   
Blood Transfusion Yes 13 4.0 15 2.1 1.9 (0.8-4.4) 0.118
  No 314 96.0 708 97.9   
History of IV/IM injection Yes 302 92.4 548 75.8 3.8 (2.4-6.1) 0.001
  No 25 7.6 175 24.2   
Number of IV/IM injections None 25 7.6 175 24.2 Reference
  < 5/year 136 41.6 383 53.0 2.5 (1.5-4.0) 0.001
  ≥ 5/year 166 50.8 165 22.8 7.0 (4.3-11.6) 0.001
Type of syringe New 16 4.9 178 24.6 8.6 (4.9-15.2) 0.001
  Re-used 286 87.5 370 51.2   
History of Hospitalization Yes 38 11.6 98 13.6 0.8 (0.5-1.2) 0.444
  No 289 88.4 625 86.4   
  1. Statistically significant p < 0.05