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Table 3 Mean number of inpatient and outpatient healthcare resource components used during 1 year following study enrollment, by treatment adherence level at enrollment (mean ± SD)

From: Medication adherence levels and differential use of mental-health services in the treatment of schizophrenia

Resource component Adherent (n = 1758) Partially Adherent (n = 36) Non-adherent (n = 216)
Inpatient admissiona 0.28 ± 0.8 0.64 ± 1.3 0.55 ± 1.1
Days hospitalizedb 8.8 ± 38.9 32.0 ± 82.6 17.6 ± 56.2
Emergency servicesc 0.25 ± 0.5 0.33 ± 0.6 0.37 ± 0.6
Psychiatrist contacta 13.7 ± 13.4 13.2 ± 15.0 8.7 ± 13.4
Partial hospitalization 24.9 ± 56.8 34.5 ± 65.2 21.9 ± 53.8
Group therapy 20.2 ± 44.7 13.6 ± 31.7 16.0 ± 42.9
Individual therapy 15.0 ± 20.7 17.7 ± 18.4 12.8 ± 18.3
Case management/ACT 1.14 ± 1.03 1.06 ± 1.04 1.05 ± 1.05
  1. ACT = Assertive Community Treatment
  2. a Overall p < 0.05; significant differences between adherent and non-adherent and between adherent and partially adherent (p < 0.05)
  3. b Overall p < 0.05; significant differences between adherent and partially adherent (p < 0.05)
  4. c Overall p < 0.05; significant differences between adherent and non-adherent adherent (p < 0.05)