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Table 2 Average service utilization classified by type of services, patient characteristics, and hospitals

From: Economic burden of beta-thalassemia/Hb E and beta-thalassemia major in Thai children

  Outpatient Hospitalization Average length of stay (days, SD) Blood  
Category service (visits, SD) (%) Per all patients Per hospitalized patients transfusion (times, SD) Desferrioxamine (vials, SD)
Hospital       
   Saraburi (N = 72) 6.74 (3.31) 15 (20.8%) 0.68 (1.76) 3.27 (2.58) 3.69 (3.59) 3.43 (20.42)
Phramongkutklao (N = 42) 9.76 (4.44) - - - 8.64 (5.74) 93.95 (105.41)
   Chulalongkorn (N = 87) 11.05 (4.37) 7 (8.0%) 0.69 (3.48) 8.57 (9.74) 9.86 (5.44) 53.77 (82.50)
Disease type       
   Beta-thal/Hb E (N = 183) 8.86 (4.31) 20 (10.9%) 0.57 (2.64) 5.25 (6.39) 6.94 (5.57) 39.59 (79.17)
Homozygous beta-thal (N = 18) 13.06 (4.30) 2 (11.1%) 0.22 (0.73) 2.00 (1.41) 12.06 (4.32) 90.33 (83.78)
Severity       
   Severe (N = 94) 10.41 (4.14) 16 (17.0%) 0.95 (3.53) 5.56 (7.07) 9.35 (4.93) 58.63 (89.75)
   Nonsevere (N = 106) 8.26 (4.46) 6 (5.7%) 0.19 (0.92) 3.33 (2.25) 5.74 (5.72) 31.70 (70.03)
Ferritin level       
   ≤ 2,500 ng/ml (N = 77) 10.60 (3.51) 5 (6.5%) 0.17 (0.80) 2.60 (2.07) 8.96 (4.55) 51.38 (88.92)
   > 2,500 ng/ml (N = 50) 11.76 (3.91) 5 (10.0%) 1.20 (4.60) 12.00 (9.82) 11.24 (4.94) 96.02 (92.76)
Complications       
   Yes (N = 18) 11.83 (3.92) 3 (16.7%) 0.56 (1.54) 3.33 (2.52) 10.39 (4.84) 113.44 (123.39)
   No (N = 183) 8.98 (4.44) 19 (10.4%) 0.54 (2.61) 5.21 (6.56) 7.10 (5.65) 37.32 (72.18)
Total 201 22 (10.9%) 201 22 201 201
   Mean 9.23 n/a 0.54 4.95 7.40 44.13
   Standard deviation (SD) 4.46 n/a 2.53 6.16 5.65 80.69
   Median 9.00 n/a 0.00 3.00 8.00 0.00
   95% CI       
Lower 8.61 n/a 0.19 2.22 6.61 32.91
Upper 9.85 n/a 0.89 7.69 8.18 55.36