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Table 1 Unadjusted effects of HIV status and demographic factors on the positivity of Cryptosporidium and Strongyloides stercoralis, Yirgalem Hospital, southern Ethiopia, 2007.

From: Cryptosporidium and Strongyloides stercoralis infections among people with and without HIV infection and efficiency of diagnostic methods for Strongyloides in Yirgalem Hospital, southern Ethiopia

Characteristics Total (%) Type of parasite
   Cryptosporidium species Strongyloides stercoralis
   Positive (%) Crude OR
(95% CI)
P- value Positive (%) Crude OR
(95% CI)
P- value
Residence        
Rural 119 (31.0) 5 (4.2) 1   3 (2.5) 1  
Urban 265 (69.0) 47 (17.7) 4.9 (1.9-12.7) 0.001 24 (9.1) 3.9 (1.1-13.0) 0.03
Age        
< 20 46 (12.0) 2 (4.3) 1   1 (2.2) 1  
20-29 107 (27.9) 14 (13.1) 3.3 (0.7- 15.2) 0.12 5 (4.7) 2.2(0.3-19.4) 0.47
30-39 126 (32.8) 21 (16.7) 4.4 (1.0- 19.6) 0.05 12 (9.5) 4.7(0.6-37.5) 0.14
40-49 69 (18.0) 10 (14.5) 3.7 (0.7- 17.9) 0.10 7 (10.1) 5.1(0.6-42.8) 0.14
≥ 50 36 (9.4) 5 (13.9) 3.6 (0.7- 19.5) 0.15 2 (5.6) 2.6(0.2-30.4) 0.44
Sex        
Male 224 (58.3) 25 (11.2) 1   15 (6.7) 1  
Female 160 (41.7) 27 (16.9) 1.6 (0.9-2.9) 0.11 12 (7.5) 1.1 (0.5-2.5.) 0.76
HIV status        
HIV negative 192 (50) 4 (2.1) 1   4 (2.1) 1  
HIV positive 192 (50) 48 (25) 15.7 (5.5-44.5) 0.000 23 (12.0) 6.4 (2.2-18.9) 0.001
Stage 1 4 (2.1) 1 (25) 15.7 (1.3-185.3) 0.03 0 -  
Stage 2 30 (15.6) 8 (26.7) 17.1 (4.8-61.4) 0.000 5 (16.6) 9.4 (2.4-37.3) 0.001
Stage 3 77 (40.1) 21 (27.3) 17.6 (5.8-53.5) 0.000 7 (9.1) 4.7 (1.3-16.5) 0.02
Stage 4 81 (42.2) 18 (22.2) 13.4 (4.4-41.1) 0.000 11 (13.6) 7.3 (2.3-23.9) 0.001