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Table 4 Socio-demographic and clinical characteristics of diarrheal patients at Gondar teaching hospital, Gondar, Ethiopia, October 2006 to March 2007.

From: Intestinal parasitosis and shigellosis among diarrheal patients in Gondar teaching hospital, northwest Ethiopia

Variables Parasite positive No (%) Parasite negative No. (%) P-value Shigella spp. positive No (%) Shigella spp. negative No. (%) P-value
Residence       
   Urban 50 (29.6) 119 (70.4) 0.013 25 (14.8) 144 (85.2) 0.70
   Rural 90 (41.9) 125 (58.1)   35 (16.3) 180 (83.7)  
Source of water       
   Pipe 47 (30.7) 106 (69.3) <0.0001 13 (8.5) 140 (91.5) 0.004
   Well 85 (48.9) 89 (51.1)   38 (21.8) 136 (78.2)  
   Spring 8 (14.0) 49 (86.0)   9 (15.8) 48 (84.2)  
Availability of toilet       
   Yes 66 (32.8) 135 (67.2) 0.122 33 (16.4) 168 (83.6) 0.70
   No 74 (40.4) 109 (59.6)   27 (14.8)) 156 (85.2)  
Hand washing after latrine       
   Regularly with soap 43 (28.7) 107 (71.3) 0.005 24 (16.0) 126 (84.0) 0.90
   Irregularly with soap 89 (44.1) 113 (55.9)   32 (15.8) 170 (84.2)  
   Without soap/not at all 8 (25.0) 24 (75.0)   4 (12.5) 28 (87.5)  
Level of education       
   Illiterate 52 (32.9) 106 (67.1) 0.70 24 (15.2) 134(84.8) 0.51
   Primary school 54(38.8) 85 (61.2)   20(14.4) 119(85.6)  
   Secondary school 32 (39.5) 49 (60.5)   16(19.8) 65(80.2)  
   Others 2 (33.3) 4 (66.7)   0(0) 6(100)  
Appearance of stool       
   Watery 105 (37.5) 175 (62.5) 0.70 22 (7.9) 258 (92.1) < 0.0001
   Dysentery 24 (34.8) 45 (65.2)   30 (43.5) 39 (56.5)  
   Mucoid 11 (31.4) 24 (68.6)   8 (22.9) 27 (77.1)  
Nausea       
   Yes 91 (42.9) 121 (57.1) 0.003 28 (13.2) 184(86.8) 0.20
   No 49 (28.5) 123 (71.5)   32 (18.6) 140(81.4)  
Fever       
   Yes 28 (39.4) 43 (60.6) 0.60 15 (21.1) 56 (78.9) 0.20
   No 112 (35.8) 201 (64.2)   45 (14.4) 268 (85.6)