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Table 1 Comparison of the adequacy of nutrient and energy consumption between the eutrophic and obese children

From: Differences in dietary pattern between obese and eutrophic children

Energy and Nutrients Children  
  Eutrophic (n = 41) Obese (n = 42)  
  Mean ± sd Mean ± sd p -value*
Energy consumption - kcal 1934.2 ± 672.7 1835.8 ± 621.2 0.491
Protein- g 73.6 ± 30.1 73.1 ± 25.2 0.822
Carbohydrate- g 284.9 ± 93.6 270.3 ± 95.5 0.483
Fat - g 57.6 ± 29.2 52.6 ± 25.3 0.397
Dietary fiber - g 20.7 ± 11.4 14.8 ± 9.1 0.011
Iron -mg 15.7 ± 3.0 14.3 ± 2.7 0.243
Vitamin A - mcg 512.6 ± 316.3 917.2 ± 534.2 0.028
Vitamin C - mg 63.07 ± 56.3 64.4 ± 53.3 0.986
Calcium -mg 678.6 ± 295.9 613.8 ± 295.3 0.320
  n (%) n (%)  
Protein:    
Low intake 5 (12.2) 1 (2.4) ρ = 0.084 χ2 = 3.000
Adequate intake 36 (87.8) 41 (97.6)  
High intake 0 (0.0) 0 (0.0)  
Carbohydrate:    
Low intake 1 (2.4) 0 (0.0) ρ = 0.593 χ2 = 1.047
Adequate intake 33 (80.5) 35 (83.3)  
High intake 7 (17.1) 7 (16.7)  
Fat:    
Low intake 19 (46.3) 22 (52.4) ρ = 0.435 χ2 = 0.805
Adequate intake 19 (46.3) 18 (42.9)  
High intake 3 (7.3) 2 (4.8)  
Dietary fiber:    
Low recommended 70.7(29) 92.9 (39) ρ = 0.019 χ2 = 5.447**
Recommended 29.3 (12) 7.1 (3)  
Iron:    
Inadequate intake 0 (< 1.0) 0 (< 1.0)  
Adequate intake 41 (> 99.0) 42 (> 99.0)  
Vitamin A:    
Inadequate intake 27 (66.0) 7 (16.0) ρ < 0.0001 χ2 = 20.756
Adequate intake 14 (34.0) 35 (84.0)  
Vitamin C:    
Inadequate intake 11 (27.0) 4(9.0) ρ = 0.078 χ2 = 3.109
Adequate intake 30 (73.0) 38 (91.0)  
Calcium:    
Low recommended 38 (92.7) 40 (95.0) P = 0.625
Recommended 3(7.3) 2 (5.0) χ2 = 0.239**
  1. *by student-t test between the eutrophic and obese children; **by Yates' chi-square test