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Table 2 Echocardiographic & coronary angiographic characteristics compared with mean and peak leptin sample

From: Elevated serum leptin levels in patients with acute myocardial infarction; correlation with coronary angiographic and echocardiographic findings

Variables Mean Leptin Peak Leptin
  Normoleptinemia Hyperleptinemia Normoleptinemia Hyperleptinemia
  N = 13 N = 31 N = 5 N = 33
L. Atrium 1.9-4.0 cm 10(76.9%) 19(63.3%) 3(60.0%) 22(68.8%)
>4.0 cm 3(23.1%) 11(36.7%) 2(40.0%) 10(31.3%)
LVEDD ≤5.6 cm 11(84.6%) 23(76.7%) 4(80.0%) 26(81.3%)
>5.6 cm 2(15.4%) 7(23.3%) 1(20.0%) 6(18.8 %)
RVD ≤3.0 cm 12(92.3%) 30(100%) 5(100.0%) 31(96.9%)
>3.0 cm 1(7.7%) 0(0.0) 0(0.0) 1(3.1%)
RVSP ≤30 mmHg 4(30.8%) 13(44.8%) 2(40.0%) 14(45.2%)
>30 mmHg 9(69.25%) 16(55.2%) 3(60.0%) 17(54.8%)
FS% ≤25% 6(46.2%) 12(40.0%) 3(60.0%) 17(53.1%)
>25% 7(53.8%) 18(60.0%) 2(40.0%) 15(46.9%)
EF% ≤45% 9(69.2) 16(53.3%) 1(20.0%) 13(40.6%)
>45% 4(30.8%) 14(46.7%) 4(80.0%) 19(59.4%)
No of vessels 1VD 4(57.1%) 6(37.5%) 2(50.0%) 8(50.0%)
2VD 3(42.9%) 6(37.5%) 2(50.0%) 4(25.0%)
3VD 0(0.0) 6(37.5%) 0(0.0) 4(25.0%)
Recanalisation Yes 7(87.5%) 15(71.4%) 4(80.0%) 15(75.0%)
(noninvasive assessment) No 1(12.5%) 6(28.6%) 1(20.0%) 5(25.0%)
  1. Normoleptinemia: serum leptin level for male = (3.8 ± 1.8 ng/ml), and for female (7.4 ± 3.7 ng/ml) with BMI range 18–25.
  2. Hyperleptinemia: serum leptin level > (3.8 ± 1.87 ng/ml) for males, for females > (7.4 ± 3.77 ng/ml) with BMI range 18–25.