Skip to main content

Table 3 Predictors of TB-HIV co-infection among study participants at University of Gondar Teaching Hospital, North West Ethiopia, 2011

From: Prevalence of Pulmonary tuberculosis and immunological profile of HIV co-infected patients in Northwest Ethiopia

Variables Pulmonary tuberculosis OR (95%CI) P value
  Yes (TB-HIV) No (HIV alone) Crude Adjusted  
Age
18-29 10 (7.8%) 118 (92.2%) 1   
30-39 9 (5.4%) 158 (94.6%) 0.67 (0.265-1.706)   
40-49 9 (11.5%) 69 (88.5%) 1.54 (0.596-3.973)   
50 and above 2 (7.4%) 25 (92.6%) 0.94 (0.195-4.575)   
Sex
Male 9 (7.4%) 113 (92.6%) 1   
Female 21 (7.6%) 257 (92.4%) 1.03 (0.456-2.310)   
Residence
Urban 28 (8.4%) 307 (91.6%) 1   
Rural 2 (3.1%) 63 (69.9%) 0.35 (0.081-1.499)   
Marital status
Single 8 (10.7%) 67 (89.3%) 1.16 (0.329-4.119)   
Married 10 (5%) 190 (95%) 0.51 (0.153-1.720)   
Divorced 8 (9.8%) 74 (90.2%) 1.05 (0.299-3.721)   
Widowed 4 (9.3%) 39 (90.7%) 1   
Educational status
Illiterate 10 (6.6% 141 (93.4%) 1.38 (0.291-6.575)   
Elementary school 12 (12.5%) 84 (87.5%) 2.79 (0.595-13.05)   
High school 6 (5.4%) 106 (94.6%) 1.10 (0.214-5.701)   
Certificate and above 2 (4.9%) 39 (95.1%) 1   
Occupational status
Government employed 4 (6.9%) 54 (93.1%) 0.44 (0.073-2.713)   
Merchants 6 (14.3%) 36 (85.7%) 1.00 (0.178-5.632)   
Housewife & daily laborer 16 (5.7%) 263 (94.3%) 0.36 (0.075-1.772)   
Students 2 (28.6%) 5 (71.4%) 2.40 (0.261-22.10)   
Commercial sex workers 2 (14.3) 12 (85.7%) 1   
WHO clinical stage (n = 72)
Stage III 21(34.4%) 40 (65.6%) 1   
Stage IV 9 (81.8%) 2 (18.2%) 8.57 (1.695-43.341)*   
CD4+ Lymphocyte count      0.042
<200Cells/mm3 16 (11.3%) 126 (88.7%) 2.31 (0.872-6.102) 2.89 (1.002-8.368)*  
200-349Cells/mm3 8 (5.6%) 135 (94.4%) 1.08 (0.363-3.196) 1.19 (0.378-3.726)  
≥350 Cells/mm3 6 (5.2%) 109 (94.8%) 1 1  
  1. * Statistically significant (p-value < 0.05).