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Table 3 Knowledge about key tobacco control policies by occupation and smoking status

From: Implementation, barriers and challenges of smoke-free policies in hospitals in Egypt

Item Correct answer Physicians N% Nurses N% Employees N% Total N% P-value* Never smoker N% Current smoker N% Ex-smoker N% Total N% P-value*
Exposure to tobacco smoke in the workplace is not a significant cause of tobacco-related diseases (N= 625 ) False 246 227 98 571 .689 514 40 17 571 .000
   92.5% 90.4% 90.7% 91.4%   92.4% 76.9% 100 % 91.4%  
Designated smoking areas in the same room are effective in protecting non-smokers and workers from the hazards of tobacco smoke (N=624 ) False 188 199 82 469 .072 419 36 14 469 .590
   70.7% 79.3% 76.6% 75.2%   75.4% 70.6% 82.4% 75.2%  
Separate rooms with separate ventilation offer almost the same amount of protection as smoking bans and are a good alternative to bans (N= 626 ) False 152 161 73 386 .082 352 26 8 386 .079
   56.9% 63.9% 68.2% 61.7%   63.2% 50.0% 47.1% 61.7%  
Tobacco product advertising has no effect on consumption (N=621) False 183 149 65 397 .084 360 26 11 397 .187
   68.8% 59.6% 61.9% 63.9%   65.0% 52.0% 64.7% 63.9%  
Because of all the publicity about how harmful tobacco use is, anyone who starts using tobacco these days is fully aware of the risks (N= 623 ) False 39 36 19 94 .696 80 12 2 94 .204
   14.7% 14.4% 17.8% 15.1%   14.4% 23.5% 11.8% 15.1%  
Warnings/messages on tobacco product packages, while attention getting, are not effective in motivating users to quit (N=621) False 18 31 16 65 .028 57 7 1 65 .614
   6.8% 12.4% 15.0% 10.5%   10.3% 13.7% 5.9% 10.5%  
Tax increases will result in smuggling and nothing can be done about it (N=623) False 128 135 44 307 .092 275 26 6 307 .504
   48.5% 53.6% 41.1% 49.3%   49.6% 50.0% 35.3% 49.3%  
Youth access provisions tend to be difficult to enforce (N=617) False 114 92 38 244 .276 216 24 4 244 .219
   43.2% 37.1% 36.2% 39.5%   39.3% 47.1% 23.5% 39.5%  
The most cost effective control option in all regions is taxation on tobacco products (N=626) True 146 110 60 316 .019 281 24 11 316 .445
   54.7% 43.7% 56.1% 50.5%   50.4% 47.1% 64.7% 50.5%  
  1. *Chi-Square test.