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Table 5 Spearman correlation of anthropometric indices with mean blood pressures, lipids and fasting blood glucose level among the women cohort

From: Anthropometric differences among natives of Abuja living in urban and rural communities: correlations with other cardiovascular risk factors

  Age BMI WC WCHR ABDht %BF
  Urban Rural Urban Rural Urban Rural Urban Rural Urban Rural Urban Rural
Systolic BP r .285* .293* .270* .153 .276* .369* .253* .388* .290* -.115 .050 .380*
p <.001 <.001 <.001 .054 <.001 <.001 .001 <.001 <.001 .150 .512 <.001
Diastolic BP r .129 .237* .258* .201* .264* .315* .236* .323* .158* -.040 .066 .358*
p .092 <.001 .001 .011 <.001 <.001 .002 <.001 .038 .619 .392 <.001
RHR r -.004 .028 .189* .288* .153 .465* .262* .302* .084 .176* .141 .194*
p .956 .725 .013 <.001 .045 <.001 .001 <.001 .272 .026 .066 .014
Glucose r .118 .126 .195* .050 -.080 .258* -.059 .204* -.133 -.042 .090 .148
p .123 .113 .010 .534 .298 .001 .444 .010 .083 .602 .241 .062
Cholesterol§ r -.235* .010 -.122 .106 -.092 .081 -.142 .090 -.063 .001 .090 .091
p .002 .905 .111 .184 .231 .313 .064 .260 .412 .991 .239 .253
Triglyceride r .004 .056 -.031 .082 -.028 .169* -.082 .137 .050 -.113 .041 .127
p .954 .481 .686 .303 .712 .034 .284 .085 .513 .155 .591 .110
HDL-C r -.124 -.131 -.035 -.044 -.125 -.102 -.072 -.059 -.035 .028 .021 -.105
p .106 .10 .648 .583 .103 .203 .350 .457 .648 .729 .781 .189
LDL-C r -.190 .067 -.111 .097 -.030 .080 -.101 .089 -.057 .017 .075 .121
  p .013 .401 .148 .225 .698 .318 .186 .264 .461 .830 .329 .130
  1. SBP (systolic blood pressure), DBP (diastolic blood pressure), RHR (resting heart rate), LDL-C (low density lipoprotein cholesterol).
  2. HDL-C (high density lipoprotein cholesterol), § (Total cholesterol), BMI = body mass index, WC = waist circumference.
  3. WCHR = waist circumference height ratio, ABDht = abdominal height, %BF = percentage body fat.
  4. r = spearman correlation coefficient, p = p-value, * = significant.