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Table 1 Socio-demographic characteristics and associated risk factors of UTI among pregnant women at FHRH, Bahir Dar, January 2011- April 2011

From: Associated risk factors of urinary tract infection among pregnant women at Felege Hiwot Referral Hospital, Bahir Dar, North West Ethiopia

  Culture results    
Characteristics Significant bacteriuria No (%) No significant bacteriuria No (%) Total No(%) P, OR, ( 95% CI)
Age      
15-24 17 (8.5) 183 (91.5) 200 (54.5)   
25-34 18 (11.3) 141 (88.7) 159 (43.3) 0. 372, 1.374, (0.684, 2.763)
35-44 0 (0) 8 (100) 8 (2.2) 0.999, (0.000)
Educational status      
Illiterate 7 (10.6) 59 (89.4) 66 (18.0) 0.361, 1.701, (0.544, 5.315)
Read and write 2 (16.7) 10 (83.3) 12 (3.3) 0.233, 2.867, (0.509, 16.155)
Primary 7 (10.4) 60 (89.6) 67 (18.2) 0.376, 1.672, (0.535, 5.224)
High school 13 (10.0) 117 (90.0) 130 (35.4) 0.365, 1.593, (0.582, 4.358)
Higher education 6 (6.5) 86 (93.5) 92 (25.1)   
Family monthly income (birr)      
≤ 500 ($37.85) 10 (18.9) 43 (81.1) 53 (14.4) 0.006, 5.581, (1.658, 18.793)
501-1000 ($37.93-$75.70) 12 (12.5) 84 (87.5) 96 (26.2) 0.039, 3.429, (1.065, 11.034)
1001-1500 ($75.76-$113.55) 6 (9.5) 57 (90.5) 63 (17.2) 0.165, 2.526, (0.684, 9.334)
1501-2000 ($113.63-$151.40) 3 (5.5) 52 (94.5) 55 (15.0) 0.678, 1.385, (0.298, 6.423)
> 2000 ($151.40) 4 (4.0) 96 (96.0) 100 (27.2)   
Gestational age      
First trimester 7 (16.3) 42 (83.7) 49 (13.4)   
Second trimester 12 (8.5) 129 (91.5) 141 (38.4) 0.251, 0.558, (0.206, 1.510)
Third trimester 16 (8.5) 161 (91.5) 177 (48.2) 0.287, 0.596, (0.230,1.543)
N o of sexual intercourses per week     
Less than three 30 (8.7) 317 (91.3) 347 (94.5) 0.032, 3.520, (1.197,10.363)
Three or more 5 (25.0) 15 (75.0) 20 (5.5)   
Genitourinary abnormality      
Yes 1 (12.5) 7 (87.5) 8 (2.2) 0.555, 1.366, (0.163, 11.432)
No 34 (9.5) 325 (90.5) 359 (97.8)   
History of catheterization      
Yes 2 (16.7) 10 (83.3) 12 (3.3) 0.320,1.952, (0.410, 9.286)
No 33 (9.3) 322 (90.7) 355 (96.7)   
History of UTI      
Yes 19 (18.1) 86 (81.9) 105 (28.6) 0.000, 3.397, (1.672, 6.902)
No 16 (6.1) 246 (93.9) 262 (71.4)   
Parity      
Nullipara 17 (11.3) 133 (88.7) 150 (40.9)   
Primipara 10 (12.3) 146 (87.7) 156 (42.5) 0.134, 0.536, (0.237, 1.211)
Multipara 8 (13.1) 53 (86.9) 61 (16.6) 0.717, 1.181, (0.481, 2.901)
Haemoglobin level      
< 11 mg/dl 8 (27.6) 21 (72.4) 29 (7.9) 0.003, 4.388, (1.776, 10.839)