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Table 1 Patient characteristics

From: Acute cocaine-related health problems in patients presenting to an urban emergency department in Switzerland: a case series

  Number of cases, N = 165 (%)
Gender  
Male 121 (73)
Female 44 (27)
Age/years  
16-20 15 (9)
21-30 70 (42)
31-40 54 (33)
>40 26 (16)
Time of presentation  
Night arrival (20:00 – 8:00 h) 106 (64)
Weekend arrival (Friday 17:00 h – Monday 8:00 h) 70 (42)
Context of drug use  
Recreational abuse 150 (91)
Suicide attempt 7 (4)
Unintentional/criminal 6 (4)
Not reported 2 (1)
Route of cocaine administration  
Intravenous 46 (28)
Nasal 46 (28)
Inhalational 4 (2)
Oral 6 (4)
Not reported 63 (38)
Concomitant drug use Self-reported Laboratory-confirmed
None 32(19) 27 (16)
Ethanol 76 (46) 68 (41)
Opioids 43 (26) 63 (38)
Cannabis 29 (18) 59 (36)
Benzodiazepines 18 (11) 28 (17)
Amphetamines (including ecstasy) 6 (4) 2 (1)
GHB, GBL 4 (2) 1 (1)
LSD 1 (1) 0 (0)
History of chronic cocaine use  
Yes 102 (62)
No 29 (18)
Not reported 34 (21)
Employment  
Yes 29 (18)
No 107 (65)
Not reported 29 (18)