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Table 4 Associations between vascular risk factors and segmental carotid IMT increase

From: Risk factors and their impact on carotid intima-media thickness in young and middle-aged ischemic stroke patients and controls: The Norwegian Stroke in the Young Study

Participant group Segment Risk factor associations
Entire study population (n = 234) CCA: Age (p < 0.001); male sex (p = 0.023); hypertension (p < 0.001)
  BIF: Age (p < 0.001); dyslipidemia (p = 0.018); CHD (p = 0.017); smoking (p = 0.012)
  ICA: Age (p < 0.001); dyslipidemia (p = 0.025); prior stroke (p = 0.009)
Age 15–44 years (n = 66) CCA: Age (p = 0.001); hypertension (p = 0.008)
  BIF: Age (p < 0.001); hypertension (p = 0.009)
  ICA: Age (p = 0.002); family history of CVD (p = 0.039)
Age 45–60 years (n = 168) CCA: Age (p = 0.05); male sex (p = 0.037); hypertension (p = 0.016)
  BIF: Age (p = 0.022); dyslipidemia (p = 0.033); smoking (p = 0.016)
  ICA: Dyslipidemia (p = 0.022); prior stroke (p = 0.037)
Females (n = 112) CCA: Age (p < 0.001); hypertension (p = 0.031)
  BIF: Age (p < 0.001); hypertension (p = 0.049)
ICA: Age (p < 0.001)
Males (n = 122) CCA: Age (p < 0.001); hypertension (p = 0.012)
  BIF: Age (p < 0.001); dyslipidemia (p = 0.003); CHD (p = 0.031)
  ICA: Age (p < 0.001); dyslipidemia (p = 0.006), PAD (p = 0.028), prior stroke (p = 0.004)
  1. CCA = Common carotid artery; BIF = Carotid bifurcation; ICA = Internal carotid artery.