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Table 3 Frequency of abnormal variables on basis of kidney disease severity, n (%)

From: Prevalence and risk factors of kidney disease in urban Karachi: baseline findings from a community cohort study

  No kidney disease Mild kidney disease Moderate kidney disease Total cohort p value
Diabetes status      
 Diabetic 20 (6.80) 5 (16.70) 5 (17.90) 30 (8.60) 0.035*
 Non-diabetic 272 (93.20) 25 (83.30) 23 (82.10) 320 (91.40)
Hypertension status      
 Hypertensive 53 (18.20) 7 (23.30) 13 (46.40) 73 (20.90) 0.002*
 Normotensive 239 (81.80) 23 (76.70) 15 (53.60) 277 (79.10)
Dyslipidemia status      
 Dyslipidemic 157 (53.80) 18 (60.00) 15 (53.60) 190 (54.30) 0.8
 Non-dyslipidemic 135 (46.20) 12 (40.00) 13 (46.40) 160 (45.70)
Body mass index (BMI), kg/m 2      
 Underweight BMI < 18.5 kg/m2 79 (24.1) 7 (23.3) 5 (17.9) 82 (23.6) 0.9
 Normal BMI 18.5-24.9 kg/m2 146 (50.3) 13 (43.3) 13 (46.4) 172 (49.4)
 Overweight (BMI 25.0-29.9 kg/m2 54 (18.6) 7 (23.3) 7 (25.0) 68 (19.5)
 Obese BMI ≥ 30 kg/m2 20 (6.9) 3 (10.0) 3 (10.7) 26 (7.5)  
  1. *p value < 0.05; calculated by Chi-square test.