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Table 2 Univarite analysis for the health-care services exposure risk factors of HB

From: Risk factors of hepatitis B transmission in northern Palestine: a case – control study

Variable Case n (%) Control n (%) P value OR$(95% CI^)
History of dialysis:     
 ▪ Yes 3 (3) 0 (0) 0.346@ 2.0 (0.76-5.34)
 ▪ No 97 (97) 100 (100)
History of blood transfusion:     
 ▪ Yes 24 (24) 9 (9) 0.004* 3.2 (1.4-7.28)
 ▪ No 76 (76) 91 (91)
History of needle stick:     
 ▪ Yes 7 (7) 2 (2) 0.170@ 3.7 (0.75-18.2)
 ▪ No 93 (93) 98 (98)
History of surgical operation:     
 ▪ Yes 35 (35) 23 (23) 0.061* 1.8 (0.97-3.3)
 ▪ No 65 (65) 77 (77)
History of dental visits:     
 ▪ Yes 75 (75) 29 (29) <0.001* 7.4 (3.9-13.7)
 ▪ No 25 (25) 71 (71)
History of hospitalization:     
 ▪ Yes 45 (45) 28 (28) 0.013* 2.1 (1.17-3.78)
 ▪ No 55 (55) 72 (72)   
  1. *Chi Squared test, @Fisher exact test, $OR = Odds Ratio, ^CI: Confidence Interval.