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Table 3 Univarite analysis of the personal behavior risk factors of HB

From: Risk factors of hepatitis B transmission in northern Palestine: a case – control study

Variable Case n (%) Control n (%) P value OR $ (95% CI^)
History of Hejamat     
 • Yes 11 (11) 2 (2) 0.010* 6.1 (1.3-28.07)
 • No 89 (89) 98 (98)
Tattoos     
 • Yes 5 (5) 1 (1) 0.097* 5.2 (0.59-45.4)
 • No. 95 (95) 99 (99)
Piercing     
 • Yes 4 (4) 3 (3) 0.700* 1.36 (0.25-6.18)
 • No 96 (96) 97 (97)
Sharing shaving equipment α     
 • Yes 29 (42.20 11(24.4) 0.049* 3.3(1.02-7.07)
 • No 40 (58) 34 (75.5)
History of sharing toothbrush     
 • Yes 15 (15) 8 (8) 0.121* 2.0 (0.82-5.03)
 • No 85 (85) 92 (92)
Intravenous drug use     
 • Yes 5 (5) 0 (0) 0.024@ 2.05 (1.8-2.3)
 • No 95 (95) 100 (100)
History of barber visit α     
 • Yes 29 (42.0) 10 (22.2) 0.032* 2.5 (1.1-5.9)
 • No 40 (58.0) 35 (77.8)
History of Haj and/or Omra     
 • Yes 12 (12) 7 (7) 0.228* 1.8 (0.68-4.81)
 • No 88 (88) 93 (93)
Living abroad (> one year)     
 • Yes 21 (21) 8 (8) 0.009* 3.0 (1.28-7.280)
 • No 79 (79) 92 (92)
History of jail:     
 • Yes 9 (9) 3 (3) 0.074* 3.1 (0.84-12.2)
 • No 91 (91) 97 (97)
History of STDs:     
 • Yes 1 (1) 0 (0) 0.316@ 2.0 (1.75-2.31)
 • No 99 (99) 100 (100)   
  1. *Chi-square Test, @Fisher exact test, $OR = Odds Ratio, ^CI: Confidence Interval αFor male participant only.