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Table 3 Prevalence (%) and odds ratio (OR) for association study of socioeconomic characteristics with non-nutritive sucking habits

From: Breastfeeding and sucking habits in children enrolled in a mother-child health program

Variable Non-nutritive sucking habits Raw OR 95% CI pa
  Yes No Total    
  n (%) n (%) N    
Sex       0.045*
Male 31 (22.3) 108 (77.7) 139 1   
Female 38 (33.6) 75 (66.4) 113 1.77 1.01-3.09  
Age range       0.959
Up to 36 months 16 (27.1) 43 (72.9) 59 1   
37-48 months 53 (27.5) 140 (72.5) 193 1.02 0.53-1.96  
Father’s educational level       0.128
Elementary 11 (30.6) 25 (69.4) 36 1   
Secondary 53 (25.6) 154 (74.4) 207 0.35 0.08-1.57  
Higher 05 (55.6) 04 (44.4) 09 0.28 0.07-1.06  
Mother’s educational level       0.392
Elementary 16 (32.7) 33 (67.3) 49 1   
Secondary 49 (25.4) 144 (74.6) 193 0.65 0.35-1.24  
Higher 04 (40.0) 06 (60.0) 10 1.81 0.49-6.64  
Family income       0.156
1 minimum wage 22 (22.2) 77 (77.8) 99 1   
2-3 minimum wage 38 (33.3) 76 (66.7) 114 0.95 0.39-2.30  
> 3 09 (23.1) 30 (76.9) 39 0.60 0.26-1.39  
  1. Educational level: Elementary education corresponds to zero to eight years of schooling. Secondary education corresponds to nine to 11 years of schooling. Higher education corresponds to 12 or more years of schooling.
  2. 95% CI = confidence interval; OR = odds ratio.
  3. aPearson’s chi-square (χ2), *significant.