Skip to main content

Advertisement

Table 4 Distribution of demographic and lifestyle characteristics in women and men divided by severity of musculoskeletal complaints (MSCs) i in an adult general population in Northern Norway

From: High prevalence of chronic musculoskeletal complaints among women in a Norwegian general population: the Tromsø study

   Women (N = 4,220) Men (N = 4,219)
   MSCs MSCs
  N = 8,439 None Mild Severe   None Mild Severe  
n = 1,393 n = 1,973 n = 854 p * n = 1,807 n = 1,879 n = 533 p *
Age (years)** 54.9 52.5 55.2 55.4 <0.001 54.3 56.5 55.5 <0.001
BMI (kg/m2)*** 26.7 25.3 26.4 27.1 <0.001 27.0 27.3 27.8 <0.001
Self-perceived health status, poor (%) 28.3 10.1 26.1 65.1 <0.001 14.9 32.1 58.8 <0.001
Smoking (%)          
Current 19.6 16.5 21.2 29.6 <0.001 15.7 19.5 23.1 <0.001
Previous 40.8 35.3 38.6 38.4 <0.001 40.3 46.6 47.6 <0.001
Marital status (married), (%) 60.4 55.7 58.1 53.7 0.082 64.1 65.6 60.8 0.1
Education level (<13 years), (%) 54.9 44.5 58.8 68.7 <0.001 47.2 58.2 68.4 <0.001
Level of physical activity (%)          
Low 18.8 16.5 17.5 20.8 0.04 17.2 19.9 27.6 <0,001
Moderate 59.6 64.3 69.3 69.8 0,05 50.0 53.7 50.1 0,07
High 19.6 17.3 12.6 8.6 <0.001 28.9 24.2 20.5 <0.001
Very high 2.0 1.9 0.7 0.8 0.002 3.9 2.2 1.8 0.003
  1. iDefined as having pain and/or stiffness in muscles and joints at least 3 months during the previous year.
  2. All values are (%) except for age and BMI (means).
  3. *ANOVA for continuous variables, and Pearson chi-square for categorical variables.
  4. **Tukey post-hoc test: No MSCs vs mild MSCs (p < 0.001) and no MSCs vs severe MSCs (p < 0.001) was significant in women. No MSCs vs mild MSCs (p < 0.001) was significant in men.
  5. ***Tukey post-hoc test: No MSCs vs mild MSCs (p < 0.001), no MSCs vs severe MSCs (p < 0.001) and mild MSCs vs severe MSCs (p < 0.001) was significant in women. Tukey post-hoc test: No MSCs vs severe MSCs (p < 0.001) and mild MSCs vs severe MSCs (p = 0.007) was significant in men.
  6. BMI: body mass index.
  7. Z-test: No MSCs vs mild MSCs, p-value <0.05.
  8. Z-test: No MSCs Severe MSCs, p-value <0.05.
  9. Z-test: Mild MSCs vs Severe MSCs, p-value <0.05.
  10. The Tromsø study.