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Table 2 Association between potential risk factors and central obesity (multivariable logistic regression analysis)

From: High carbohydrate diet and physical inactivity associated with central obesity among premenopausal housewives in Sri Lanka

Potential risk factor Odds ratio p value 95% CI
Income    
Moderate 1.44 0.665 0.17-3.07
High 8.89 0.011 1.66-30.24
Low (reference) 1.00   
Ethnicity    
Tamil 0.85 0.814 0.22-3.26
Muslim 3.36   0.83-13.58
Sinhala (reference) 1.00   
Frequency of fruit consumption    
Less (<4 days/week) 1.93 0.255 0.62-5.98
High (≥4 days/week) (reference) 1.00   
Percent of energy from carbohydrate    
High (≥70%) 6.26 0.001 2.11-18.57
Low (<70%) (reference) 1.00   
Energy expenditure from physical activity    
Physically inactive 3.32 0.028 1.14-9.68
Physically active (≥1500 MET-min/week) (reference) 1.00   
  1. p value <0.05 and 95% CI value excluding value of 1 were considered as significant.