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Table 1 Serum vitamin B 12 levels in relation to the socio-demographic characteristics of study participants

From: Low serum vitamin B12 levels among psychiatric patients admitted in Butabika mental hospital in Uganda

Characteristic ≥ 240 pg/ml N = 200 (%) < 240 pg/ml N = 80 (%) Odds Ratio (95% C.I) p-value
Sex     
Male 112 (64.4) 62 (35.6) 1  
Female 88 (83.0) 18 (17.0) 0.35 (0.20-0.67) 0.001
Age     
≤ 40 168 (73.0) 62 (27.0) 1  
41 - 60 28 (63.6) 16 (36.4) 1.55 (0.79-3.06) 0.207
≥ 61 4 (66.7) 2 (33.3) 1.35 (0.24-7.58) 0.73
Residence     
Urban 92 (74.2) 32 (25.8) 1  
Rural 108 (69.2) 48 (30.8) 1.28 (0.75 - 2.16) 0.362
Type of Residence     
Own 151 (69.9) 65 (30.1) 1  
Rented 44 (77.2) 13 (22.8) 0.69 (0.35 - 1.36) 0.281
Institutional 5 (71.4) 2 (28.6) 0.93 (1.18 - 4.91) 0.931
Employment     
Yes 79 (72.5) 30 (27.5) 1  
No 121 (70.8) 50 (29.2) 1.09 (1.64 - 1.86) 0.757
Marital Status     
Married 48 (73.9) 17 (26.1) 1  
Cohabiting 9 (69.2) 4 (30.8) 1.25 (0.34 - 4.61) 0.732
Single 124 (70.1) 53 (29.9) 1.21 (0.64 - 2.29) 0.565
Divorced 11 (78.6) 3 (21.4) 0.77 (1.19 - 3.10) 0.713
Widowed 8 (72.7) 3 (27.3) 1.06 (0.25 - 4.46) 0.938
Religion     
Muslim 34 (75.6) 11 (24.5) 1  
Catholic 64 (66.0) 33 (34.0) 1.6 (0.72 - 3.54) 0.253
Anglican 58 (74.4) 20 (25.6) 1.07 (0.46 - 2.49) 0.883
Pentecostal 38 (73.1) 14 (26.9) 1.14 (0.46 - 2.84) 0.781
SDA 6 (75.0) 2 (25.0) 1.03 (0.18 - 5.86) 0.973
Level of Education     
Secondary + above 76 (71.7) 30 (28.3) 1  
Primary + below 124 (71.3) 50 (28.7) 1.02 (0.60 - 1.74) 0.938
  1. C.I = Confidence Interval; SDA = Seventh Day Adventist.