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Table 2 Food consumption pattern, dietary habits and practices of oral hygiene among primary school children at Bahir Dar city, 2014

From: Dental caries and associated factors among primary school children in Bahir Dar city: a cross-sectional study

Variables Dental caries    P-value
  Positive N (%) Negative N (%) Total  
Consumption of sugared tea (n = 147)     
Yes 26 (20.8) 99 (79.2) 125 (85) 0.33
No 6 (27.3) 16 (72.7) 22 (15)  
Consumption of sugared coffee (n = 147)     
Yes 6 (19.4) 25 (80.6) 31 (21.1) 0.81
No 26 (22.6) 90 (73.4) 116 (78.9)  
Type of food for breakfast (n = 147)     
Bread with tea 24 (23.1) 80 (76.9) 104 (70.7) 0.47
Pasta 7 (21.1) 28 (78.8) 35 (23.8)  
Other (Makorony, Rice) 0 8 8 (5.4)  
Consumption of sweet foods (n = 147)     
Yes 21 (29.6) 50 (70.4) 71 (48.3) 0.03
No 11 (14.7) 64 (85.3) 76 (51.7)  
Consumption of soft drinks (n = 147)     
Yes 15 (27.3) 40 (72.7) 55 (37.4) 0.21
No 17 (18.5) 75 (81.5) 92 (62.6)  
Frequency of taking soft drinks (n = 55)     
<4/day 11 (22) 39 (76.5) 50 (91.1) 0.02
>4/day 3 (75) 1 (25) 5 (7.3)  
Cleaning teeth ( n = 147)     
Yes 17 (16) 88 (84) 105 (71.4) 0.016
No 15 (36.6) 26(63.4) 41 (27.9)  
Time of tooth cleaning (n = 105)     
Before meal 5 (16.7) 25 (83.3) 30 (28.6) 0.63
After meal 7 (13.2) 46 (86.8) 53 (50.5)  
Before and after meal 3 (18.8) 13 (81.2) 16 (15.2)  
No fixed time 2 (33.3) 4 (66.7) 6 (5.7)  
Way of cleaning teeth (n = 105)     
Tooth stick 10 (14.1) 61 (85.9) 71 (67.6) 0.52
Tooth brush without paste 0 5 5 (4.8)  
Tooth brush with paste 5 (27.8) 13(72.2) 18 (9.5)  
Charcoal 0 1 1 (0.96)  
Rinse with water 1 (25) 3(75) 4 (3.8)  
Other means 1 (16.7) 5(83.3) 6 (5.7)  
  1. Key: N (number), % (percent).