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Table 1 Descriptive statistics on mean-scores of personality, age, education and gender distribution in participants without WhatsApp activity and with WhatsApp activity >0.00 min each day

From: Smartphone usage in the 21st century: who is active on WhatsApp?

  Users with no activity on WhatsApp (n = 137) Users with activity on WhatsApp >0.00 min (n = 2,281)
Age M = 32.04 (SD = 13.17) M = 24.20 (SD = 10.09)
Gender 107 males/30 females 1,361 males/920 females
Education M = 4.67 (SD = 1.90) M = 4.38 (SD = 1.78)
Extraversion M = 5.97 (SD = 1.99) M = 6.74 (SD = 1.96)
Neuroticism M = 5.57 (SD = 1.98) M = 5.81 (SD = 1.99)
Conscientiousness M = 6.64 (SD = 1.80) M = 6.30 (SD = 1.73)
Agreeableness M = 6.24 (SD = 1.73) M = 6.05 (SD = 1.61)
Openness to Experience M = 7.07 (SD = 1.85) M = 7.01 (SD = 1.88)