Skip to main content

Table 2 Comparison of the pre- and post-intervention responses for the pesticides module

From: Preventing hepatocellular carcinoma in Egypt: results of a Pilot Health Education Intervention Study

Question Pre-intervention Post-intervention P value*
Yes, N (%) No, N (%) Don’t know, N (%) Yes, N (%) No, N (%) Don’t know, N (%)
Have you ever heard of pesticides? 24 (96) 1 (4) 0 25 (100) 0 0 1.00
What are pesticides?
 Chemicals to kill insects 22 (88) 1 (4) 2 (8) 25 (100) 0 0 0.25
 Chemicals to kill weeds 21 (84) 3 (12) 1 (4) 25 (100) 0 0 0.12
 Chemicals to wash clothes 13 (52) 11 (44) 1 (4) 18 (72) 7 (28) 0 0.34
 Chemicals to kill fungus or mold 15 (60) 6 (24) 4 (16) 21 (84) 3 (12) 1 (4) 0.07
 Chemicals to clean floors 16 (64) 8 (32) 1 (4) 18 (72) 7 (28) 0 1.00
How do people become exposed to pesticides?
 Living near a field that has been sprayed 24 (96) 1 (4) 0 25 (100) 0 0 1.00
 Applying these chemicals in the house 18 (72) 7 (28) 0 25 (100) 0 0 0.01
 Applying these chemicals in farming 22 (88) 2 (8) 1 (4) 25 (100) 0 0 0.25
 Eating food that was sprayed in the field 24 (96) 1 (4) 0 24 (96) 1 (4) 0 1
How can people protect themselves from pesticides?
 Handle them according to the directions 24 (96) 1 (4) 0 25 (100) 0 0 1.00
 Get vaccinated against them 23 (92) 0 2 (8) 20 (80) 4 (16) 1 (4) 0.12
 Avoid going to places that were recently treated 24 (96) 0 1 (4) 25 (100) 0 0 1.00
 Use non-chemical ways to keep pests away 17 (68) 5 (20) 3 (12) 20 (80) 3 (12) 2 (8) 0.45
  1. * p-value for comparison between pre- and post-intervention responses as “yes, no, or don’t know” using McNemar’s test
  2. Italics indicate statistically significant results (p < 0.05)