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Table 1 Factors associated with brucellosis

From: Risk factors for human brucellosis in agro-pastoralist communities of south western Uganda: a case–control study

Characteristics Cases N = 45 (%) Controls N = 90 (%) Univariate analysis P value
Crude OR (95 %CI)
Occupation
 Farmer 5 (11.1) 22 (24.4) 1  
 Agro-pastoralist 40 (88.9) 68 (75.6) 3.62 (0.99–13.17) 0.05
Consumption of unboiled milk
 No 42 (93.3) 68 (75.6) 1  
 Yes 3 (6.7) 22 (24.4) 4.53 (1.28–16.1) 0.02
Consumption of sour milk
 No 22 (48.9) 58 (64.4) 1  
 Yes 23 (51.1) 32 (35.6) 0.56 (0.27–1.12) 0.10
Eat raw cow ghee
 No 6 (13.3) 32 (35.6) 1  
 Yes 39 (86.7) 58 (64.4) 3.88 (1.41–10.7) 0.01
Rear goats and sheep
 No 26 (57.8) 42 (46.7)   
 Yes 19 (42.2) 48 (53.3) 0.5 (0.20–1.25) 0.14
Knowledge of boiling milk as prevention
 No 9 (20) 34 (37.8) 2.5 (1.06–5.91) 0.04
 Yes 36 (80) 56 (62.2)   
Frequency of wildlife on farms
 Never 7 (15.6) 25 (27.8) 1  
 Rarely 14 (31.1) 29 (32.2) 0.6 (0.61–1.82) 0.33
 Very often 24 (53.3) 36 (40) 1.27 (0.04–2.49) 0.04
Wildlife species grazing on farm
 Ungulate (buffalo, Impala) 36 (80) 59 (65.6) 1  
 Non-ungulate (e.g. Zebra) 9 (20) 31 (34.4) 0.15 (0.20–1.05) 0.06
  1. Level of significance ≤0.05