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Table 4 Selected census tract characteristics, California tracts (N = 7049) and GROW tracts, (N = 1906), American Community Survey, 2005–2009

From: Survey methodology of the geographic research on wellbeing (GROW) study

  California mean (SD) GROW mean (SD)
Population density, people per square kilometer 3130 (3435) 3739 (3262)
Median family income, $ 74,142 (36,718) 75,469 (36,902)
Median housing value, $ 504,288 (222,210) 527,036 (197,062)
Percent poor persons 13.1 (10.5) 13.0 (10.3)
Percent unemployed 8.1 (4.8) 7.8 (3.9)
Percent who did not graduate from high school 20.6 (16.9) 21.9 (18.0)
Percent crowded housing, >1 person per room 8.9 (10.3) 10.7 (11.5)
Percent under age 18 25.1 (8.0) 26.5 (6.9)
Percent of children in single parent household 27.1 (15.8) 27.2 (15.2)
Racial/ethnic concentration
 Percent African American/Black 6.0 (10.3) 7.5 (12.3)
 Percent Asian 12.3 (14.5) 13.9 (14.3)
 Percent Hispanic/Latino 34.9 (26.6) 38.2 (27.7)
 Percent White 43.9 (27.8) 37.7 (27.5)
 Percent foreign-born 26.5 (15.2) 29.8 (14.5)
  1. Excludes census tracts for women who did not live in California at the time of the GROW survey