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Table 4 The results of logistic regression analysis on patient delay

From: Patient delay factors in women presenting with breast cancer in a low income country

Variable Delay outcome OR (95 % CI) p value
No delay Delay
Number (%) Number (%)
Age group in years
 <35 1 (6) 31 (22) Reference  
 35–44 8 (47) 40 (29) 0.16 (0.02–1.35) 0.093
 45–55 5 (29) 34 (25) 0.22 (0.02–1.98) 0.177
 >55 3 (18) 33 (24) 0.35 (0.04–3.60) 0.381
Religion
 Catholic 6 (35) 45 (33) Reference  
 Muslim 2 (12) 14 (10) 0.93 (0.17–5.16) 0.937
 Pentecostal 5 (29) 30 (22) 0.80 (0.22–2.86) 0.731
 Protestant 4 (24) 46 (33) 1.53 (0.41–5.80) 0.529
 SDA 0 3 (2)
Marital status
 Single 4 (25) 16 (12) Reference  
 Married 6 (38) 76 (55) 3.17 (0.80–12.53) 0.100
 Widowed 3 (19) 21 (15) 1.75 (0.34–8.95) 0.502
 Divorced 3 (19) 25 (18) 2.08 (0.41–10.56) 0.375
Employment
 Unskilled worker 5 (29) 30 (22) Reference  
 Subsistence farmer 4 (24) 48 (35) 2.00 (0.50–8.04) 0.329
 Formal employment 7 (41) 19 (14) 0.45 (0.13–1.63) 0.226
 Unemployment 1 (6) 42 (30) 7.00 (0.77–63.02) 0.083
Number of children
 None 3 (18) 9 (6) Reference  
 1–3 9 (53) 69 (50) 2.56 (0.58–11.22) 0.214
 ≥4 5 (29) 61 (44) 4.07 (0.83–20.01) 0.084
Education level
 None 1 (6) 14 (10) Reference  
 Primary 3 (18) 48 (35) 1.14 (0.11–11.87) 0.911
 Secondary 3 (18) 53 (38) 1.26 (0.12–13.08) 0.845
 Tertiary 10 (59) 24 (17) 0.17 (0.02–1.49) 0.109
Monthly income (shillings)
 ≤93,750 5 (29) 64 (46)   
 > 93,750 12 (71) 74 (54) 0.48 (0.16–1.44) 0.191
History of familial breast cancer
 No 11 (65) 104 (75)   
 Yes 6 (35) 35 (25) 0.62 (0.21–1.79) 0.375
History of benign breast disease
 No 13 (76) 114 (82)   
 Yes 4 (24) 25 (18) 0.71 (0.21–2.37) 0.581
How serious symptom considered
 Nothing serious 4 (24) 72 (52) Reference  
 Little serious 3 (18) 24 (17) 0.44 (0.09–2.13) 0.310
 Moderately serious 0 10 (7)
 Very serious 10 (58.82) 33 (24) 0.18 (0.05–0.62) 0.007
Did you think it could be cancer
 No 6 (35) 96 (69)   
 Yes 11 (65) 43 (31) 0.24 (0.08–0.70) 0.009
Had knowledge of available services 6 (38) 99 (72) 4.23 (1.44–12.43) 0.009
Travel long distance from home 2 (13) 39 (28) 2.76 (0.60–12.70) 0.193
Had alternative care 4 (25) 71 (51) 3.18 (0.98–10.34) 0.055
Had fear of surgery 3 (19) 33 (24) 1.36 (0.37–5.07) 0.645
Lacked support 8 (50) 121 (88) 7.12 (2.36–21.46) 0.001
What did first doctor tell you
 Benign tumor 1 (6) 37 (31) Reference  
 Tumor suspect 13 (81) 74 (61) 0.15 (0.02–1.22) 0.077
 Malignant tumor 2 (13) 10 (8) 0.14 (0.01–1.65) 0.117
Had antibiotic prescribed 9 (52.94) 97 (69.78) 2.05 (0.74–5.69) 0.166
Had prior Breast examination 7 (41.18) 21 (15.11) 0.25 (0.09–0.74) 0.012
Did self examination 11 (64.71) 70 (50.36) 0.55 (0.19–1.58) 0.269
Ever heard of mammogram
 No 10 (58.82) 118 (84.89)   
 Yes 7 (41.18) 21 (15.11) 0.25 (0.09–0.74) 0.012
Manchester clinical stage
 Stage 2 3 (17.65) 3 (2.16) Reference  
 Stage 3 3 (17.65) 13 (9.35) 4.33 (0.57–33.12) 0.158
 Stage 4 11 (64.71) 123 (88.49) 11.18 (2.01–62.13) 0.006