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Table 2 Data description regarding exercise type, muscle analyzed, and primary results for young and adult NMJ pre- and post-synaptic compartment

From: Effects of exercise on neuromuscular junction components across age: systematic review of animal experimental studies

Reference Exercise type Muscle Pre-synaptic compartment Post-synaptic compartment
Crockett et al. [16] Endurance Soleus and vastus lateralis Not measured Vastus lateralis = ↑ end plate cholinesterase activity (fast twitch myofiber)
Andonian and Fahim [21] Endurance Soleus and EDL ↑ Nerve terminals (both muscles) Not measured
Waerhaug et al. [20] Endurance Soleus and EDL ↑ Nerve terminal area and length (soleus) Not measured
Deschenes et al. [12] Endurance Soleus ↑ Total area (both intensities) ↑ Total area (both intensities)
Fahim [22] Endurance Gluteus maximus ↑ Nerve terminal area Not measured
Deschenes et al. [13] Resistance Soleus High pre to post correlation ↑ Total area and perimeter
Deschenes et al. [17] Endurance Soleus ↑ Total Length of branching and branching complexity (both myofiber types) ↓ Pre to post coupling (both myofiber types)
Deschenes et al. [18] Endurance Soleus and plantaris Soleus
Slow-twitch = ↑branch number, total branch length and branching complexity;
Fast-twitch = not changed;
Plantaris
Slow-twitch = ↓branching complexity;
Fast-twitch = not changed
Soleus
Slow-twitch = ↑total perimeter, area and stained area;
Fast-twitch = not changed;
Plantaris
Slow-twitch = ↓total and stained perimeter and total and stained area;
Fast-twitch = not changed
Deschenes et al. [19] Resistance Soleus and plantaris Soleus
Slow-and fast-twitch = not changed;
Plantaris
Slow-and fast-twitch = not changed;
Soleus
Slow-twitch = ↑End plate dispersion;
Fast-twitch = ↑Total and stained areas;
Plantaris
Slow-and fast-twitch = Not changed;