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Table 2 Logistic regression analysis to assess the association between hepatic steatosis and caffee consumption and other influencing factors

From: Coffee consumption and NAFLD: a community based study on 1223 subjects

  Odds ratio (95 % CI) p value
Gender   <0.0001
 Female Ref.  
 Male 2.775 (2.047–3.764)  
Age 1.053 (1.039–1.066) <0.0001
BMI 1.324 (1.271–1.380) <0.0001
Metabolic syndrome
 No Ref. Ref.
 Yes 0.906 (0.501–1.640) 0.0668
Coffee consumption
 More than once a day 0.771 (0.443-1.343)  
 Daily 0.809 (0.496-1.318)  
 Less than weekly 0.749 (0.368–1.526) 0.8144
 Less than monthly 0.558 (0.190–1.638)  
 Seldom/rarely Ref.  
Physical activity
 No Ref.  
 0–2 h/week 1.021 (0.719–1.449) 0.9187
 2–4 h/week 0.931 (0.612–1.419)  
 4–10 h/week 0.937 (0.548–1.603)  
 >10 h/week 0.581 (0.169–2.001)  
  1. Significant p values are in italics
  2. CI confidence interval, Ref. reference group