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Table 1 Characteristics of the study population

From: Defining the optimal cut-off values for liver enzymes in diagnosing blunt liver injury

  All (n = 676) LI+ (n = 64) LI− (n = 612) p value
AST 48 (31–106) 276 (48–503) 44 (16–73) <0.001
ALT 36 (22–69) 240 (92–388) 32 (16–49) <0.001
ISS 17 (9–26) 21 (9–33) 17 (9–26) <0.01
GCS 15 (13–15) 15 (14–15) 14 (13–15) 0.67
RTS 7.84 (6.90–7.84) 7.84 (7.37–7.84) 7.84 (7.37–7.84) 0.32
Ps 97.0 (89.5–99.2) 95.7 (88.1–100) 97.4 (92.9–100) 0.19
Age 46 (29–63) 40 (23–57) 46 (29–63) 0.17
Male gender, n (%) 462 (68.3) 36 (56.3) 426 (69.6) 0.03
Mortality, n (%) 58 (8.6) 5 (7.8) 53 (8.7) 0.82
  1. Values are given as median (IQR) where not stated otherwise
  2. LI+ with liver injury, LI− without liver injury, AST aspartate aminotransferase, ALT alanine aminotransferase, ISS injury severity score, GCS Glasgow coma scale, RTS revised trauma score, Ps probability of survival