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Table 4 Multivariate analysis of the associations between poor glycemic control using HbA1 and different covariates of study participants, JUSH Diabetic Clinic, 1 May 31 July, 2012

From: Assessment of glycemic control using glycated hemoglobin among diabetic patients in Jimma University specialized hospital, Ethiopia

Variables Patients with poor glycemic control level using HbA1 ≥ 7 %
No (%) Crude or (95 % CI) Adjusted or (95 % CI)
Age
 15–30 17 (19.3) 1 1
 >30 upto 45 20 (22.7) 1.82 (0.32–10.34) 0.26 (0.04–1.58)
 >45 upto 60 35 (39.7) 1.07 (0.21–5.55) 0.18 (0.03–1.12)
 >60 upto 75 12 (13.6) 0.87 (0.18–4.22) 0.39 (0.05–3.12)
 >75 upto 90 4 (4.5) 1.50 (0.25–8.97) 0.51(0.03–8.21)
Sex
 Male 50 (56.8) 1 1
 Female 38 (43.2) 0.82(0.42–1.59) 0.88 (0.38–2.03)
Marital status
 Single 9 (10.2) 1 1.00
 Married 71 (80.7) 1.06 (0.37–3.03) 3.29 (0.51–21.11)
 Divorced 1 (1.1) 0.78 (0.04–14.75) 1.53 (0.05–51.58)
 Widowed 7 (7.9) NA NA
Duration of DM in years
 <1  6 (6.8) 1 1
 1–5  48 (54.5) 1.38 (0.38–4.93) 2.01 (0.44–9.24)
 >5 upto 10  20 (22.7) 0.88 (0.23–3.36) 1.18 (0.24–5.88)
 >10 upto 15  11 (12.5) 2.29 (0.44–11.92) 5.04 (0.69–36.92)
 >15 upto 20  2 (2.3) 1.67 (0.115–24.26) 2.89 (0.154–54.22)
 >20 years 1 (1.1) 0.42 (0.03–6.06) 0.28 (0.01–12.33)
Educational status
 Illiterate 31 (35.2) 3.31 (0.92–11.85) 3.73 (0.79–17.84)
 Grade 1–8 39 (44.3) 2.23 (0.66–7.54) 3.45 (0.78–15.29)
 Grade 9–12 13 (14.8) 2.31 (0.57–9.41) 3.89 (0.74–20.42)
 ≥Diploma 5 (5.7) 1 1
BMI in kg/m2
 <18.5 16 (18.2) 1 1
 18.5–24.9 48 (54.5) 0.62 (0.23–1.66) 0.72 (0.23–2.27)
 >24.9–30 20 (22.7) 0.55 (0.18–1.65) 0.65 (0.17–2.49)
 >30 4 (4.5) 0.58 (0.10–3.33) 0.56 (0.08–3.85)
Current treatment format
 Injectables 46 (52.3) 1.057 (0.167–6.716) 0.51 (0.06–4.01)
 Oral 39 (44.3) 0.897 (0.141–5.717) 0.60 (0.08–4.84)
 Combination of both 3 (3.4) 1 1