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Table 5 Association of demographic variables, attitudes and beliefs with the intent to become pharmacy owner

From: Exploring the intentions of pharmacy students towards pharmacy ownership by using theory of planned behaviour

Variables Intent to become entrepreneur (%) Multivariate analysis
Yes No OR (CI) p value
Gender
 Female 81.4 18.6 Ref 0.47
 Male 72 28 0.75 (0.35–1.62)
Professional year
 1 61.1 38.9 Ref  
 2 71.8 28.2 1.44 (0.49–4.17) 0.50
 3 87.9 12.1 3.29 (1.23–8.79) 0.014
 4 84.3 15.7 7.36 (1.56–34.58) <0.001
 5 85.2 14.8 7.41 (1.48–18.95) <0.001
Age (in years)
 <21 74.3 25.7 Ref 0.63
 ≥21 84.8 15.2 1.30 (0.44–3.80)
cGPA
 <2.8 74 26 Ref 0.64
 ≥2.8 79.8 20.2 1.24 (0.49–3.12)
Family residential status
 Rural 77.8 22.2 Ref 0.42
 Urban 79.3 20.7 1.42 (0.59–3.38)
Family income status
 ≤30,000 77.4 22.6 Ref  
 31,000–60,000 77.5 22.5 0.72 (0.32–1.61) 0.43
 61,000–90,000 88.9 11.1 2.38 (0.60–9.46) 0.21
 91,000–120,000 95 5 6.54 (0.68–62.50) 0.10
 >120,000 61.1 38.9 1.29 (0.30–5.41) 0.72
Family business
 No 84.3 15.7 Ref 0.006
  Yes 63.9 36.1 0.34 (0.15–0.73)
Past entrepreneurship experience
 No 81.1 18.9 Ref 0.254
 Yes 50 50 0.49 (0.14–1.6)
Attitude
 Negative 74.2 25.8 Ref 0.029
 Positive 85.8 14.2 2.09 (1.46–4.57)
Perceived behavioural control
 Negative 65.6 34.4 Ref 0.038
 Positive 81.1 11.9 2.10 (1.04–4.2)
Subjective norms
 Negative 44.7 55.3 Ref 0.001
 Positive 91.7 8.3 11.14 (5.6–21.1)
  1. Overall predictive accuracy of the model is 77.7 %
  2. Omnibus tests of model coefficients: Chi square value = 213.795, p < 0.001
  3. −2 Log Likelihood = 752.030, Nagelkerke R square = 0.274
  4. OR odds ratio, CI confidence interval