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Table 1 Univariate analysis of the association between smear positive PTB and socio-demographic and behavioral factors among the prison population in Hadiya Zone from May to June 2013

From: Prevalence of smear positive pulmonary tuberculosis and associated risk factors among prisoners in Hadiya Zone prison, Southern Ethiopia

Variable Label No. tested (%) No. positive (%) No. negative (%) Crude OR (95 % CI) P value
Sex Female 3 (1.8) 0 3 (100) 0.811
Male 161 (98.2) 3 (1.9) 159 (98.1)
Age (in years) 12–24 43 (26.2) 1 (2.3) 42 (97.7) 1.0 0.585
25–34 60 (36.6) 2 (3.3) 58 (96.7) 1.46 (0.33–5.88)
35–44 34 (20.7) 0 34 (100)
>44 27 (16.5) 0 27 (100)
Marital status before imprisonment Single 57 (34.8) 1 (1.8) 56 (98.2) 1.0 0.989
Married 106 (64.6) 2 (1.9) 104 (98.1) 1.05 (0.278–4.33)
Educational status Uneducated 36 (22) 0 36 (100) 0.804
Primary 107 (65.2) 3 (2.8) 104 (97.2)
Secondary 17 (10.4) 0 17 (100)
C. graduate 4 (2.4) 0 4 (100)
Occupation before imprisonment G. employee 7 (4.3) 0 7 (100) 0.909
Farmer 97 (59.2) 3 (3.1) 94 (96.9)
P. employee 38 (23.2) 0 38 (100)
Student 13 (7.9) 0 13 (100)
House wife 2 (1.2) 0 2 (100)
Others 6 (3.7) 0 6 (100)
Unemployed 1 (0.6) 0 1 (100)  
Residence place Rural 118 (72) 3 (2.5) 115 (97.5) 0.275
Urban 46 (28) 0 46 (100)
Cigarette smoking No 74 (45.1) 1 (1.4) 73 (98.6) 1 0.45
Yes 90 (54.9) 2 (2.2) 88 (97.8) 2.47 (0.61–10.072)