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Table 2 Participants with potential risk factors

From: Risk factors assessment for nasal colonization of Staphylococcus aureus and its methicillin resistant strains among pre-clinical medical students of Nepal

Variables Total participants (%) Positive participants (%) P values
Hypertension    
 Yes 4 (2.0) 1 (25.0) 0.480
 No 196 (98.0) 29 (14.8)  
Renal disease    
 Yes 1 (0.5) 1 (100.0) 0.15
 No 199 (99.5) 29 (14.6)  
LRTI    
 Yes 1 (0.5) 1 (100.0) 0.15
 No 199 (99.5) 29 (14.6)  
Gastro-intestinal disease    
 Yes 17 (8.5) 1 (5.9) 0.477
 No 183 (91.5) 29 (15.8)  
URTI    
 Yes 44 (22.0) 11 (25.0) 0.035
 No 156 (78.0) 19 (12.2)  
Recent surgical procedures    
 Yes 2 (1.0) 0 (0)  
 No 198 (99.0) 30 (15.2)  
Recent admission to hospital    
 Yes 8 (4.0) 0 (0)  
 No 192 (96.0) 30 (15.6)  
Recent visit to out-patient departments    
 Yes 50 (25.0) 4 (8.0) 0.168
 No 150 (75.0) 26 (17.3)  
Recent medication    
 Yes 42 (21.0) 7 (16.7) 0.734
 No 158 (79.0) 23 (14.6)  
Recent antibiotic use    
 Yes 51 (25.5) 8 (15.7) 0.874
 No 149 (74.5) 22 (14.8)  
Recent visit to hospital admitted family members    
 Yes 29 (14.5) 6 (20.6) 0.354
 No 171 (85.5) 24 (14.0)  
  1. Recent—in last 3 months