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Table 1 Characteristics of participants

From: Prevalence of self-reported multimorbidity in the general population and in primary care practices: a cross-sectional study

  Mean (SD) p
General population n = 1718 Primary care n = 789
Age, year 51.3 (12.5) 53.0 (12.9) 0.002
Number of chronic conditions 2.6 (2.5) 3.3 (2.8) <0.001
 Chronic conditions in subgroup MM 2+ 4.1 (2.1) 4.6 (2.4) <0.001
 Chronic conditions in subgroup MM 3+ 4.9 (2.0) 5.3 (2.3) 0.002
DBMA score 4.9 (6.0) 6.9 (7.7) <0.001
 DBMA in subgroup DBMA 10+ 15.6 (6.3) 17.2 (7.8) 0.017
  N (%) p
Males 699 (40.7) 253 (32.1) <0.001
Education level
 Incomplete secondary school or lower 378 (22.0) 153 (19.4) 0.097
 Completed secondary school 521 (30.3) 263 (33.3)
 College 393 (22.9) 189 (24.0)
 University 418 (24.3) 164 (20.8)
 Missing data 8 (0.5) 20 (2.5)
Socio-economic classes
 Elite group 338 (19.7) 155 (19.6) 0.317
 Middle-high 737 (42.9) 335 (42.5)
 Middle-low 345 (20.1) 138 (17.5)
 Low 230 (13.4) 122 (15.5)
 Missing data 68 (4.0) 39 (4.9)
  1. DBMA disease burden morbidity assessment; MM 2+ subjects with two or more chronic conditions; MM 3+ subjects with three or more chronic conditions; DBMA 10+ subjects with DBMA score of 10 or higher