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Table 1 Sociodemographic and clinical characteristics

From: The real-world patient experience of fingolimod and dimethyl fumarate for multiple sclerosis

Characteristic CF (N = 61) CDMF (N = 129) DF (N = 32) DDMF (N = 59)
Gender, n (%)
 Male 14 (23.0 %) 26 (20.2 %) 2 (6.3 %) 8 (13.6 %)
 Female 47 (77.0 %) 103 (79.8 %) 30 (93.8 %) 51 (86.4 %)
Age (years)
 Mean (SD) 46.2 (10.5) 50.4 (9.7) 47.6 (9.5) 51.8 (10.1)
 Min, max 24.0, 65.0 27.0, 72.0 27.0, 66.0 29.0, 72.0
Ethnicity, n (%)
 Hispanic 1 (1.6 %) 1 (0.8 %) 1 (3.1 %) 2 (3.4 %)
 Not hispanic 58 (95.1 %) 124 (96.1 %) 29 (90.6 %) 54 (91.5 %)
 Prefer not to answer 2 (3.3 %) 4 (3.1 %) 2 (6.3 %) 3 (5.1 %)
Race, n (%)
 White 53 (86.9 %) 113 (87.6 %) 27 (84.4 %) 53 (89.8 %)
 Black 5 (8.2 %) 8 (6.2 %) 1 (3.1 %) 2 (3.4 %)
 Asian 0 (0.0 %) 1 (0.8 %) 1 (3.1 %) 0 (0.0 %)
 Native American/Alaska Native 0 (0.0 %) 0 (0.0 %) 0 (0.0 %) 1 (1.7 %)
 Mixed race 3 (4.9 %) 3 (2.3 %) 2 (6.3 %) 2 (3.4 %)
 Prefer not to answer 0 (0.0 %) 4 (3.1 %) 1 (3.1 %) 1 (1.7 %)
Disease duration (years)
 Mean (SD) 9.8 (7.7) 11.0 (8.3) 14.8 (9.5) 13.0 (9.6)
 Min, max 0.3, 35.5 0.1, 35.9 2.2, 39.6 0.3, 48.8
Disability according to patient-determined disease steps (PDDS), n (%)
 Normal 16 (26.2 %) 17 (13.2 %) 8 (25.0 %) 4 (6.8 %)
 Mild disability 8 (13.1 %) 21 (16.3 %) 4 (12.5 %) 1 (1.7 %)
 Moderate disability 8 (13.1 %) 12 (9.3 %) 3 (9.4 %) 10 (16.9 %)
 Gait disability 16 (26.2 %) 20 (15.5 %) 4 (12.5 %) 12 (20.3 %)
 Early cane 4 (6.6 %) 21 (16.3 %) 2 (6.3 %) 12 (20.3 %)
 Late cane 5 (8.2 %) 21 (16.3 %) 5 (15.6 %) 10 (16.9 %)
 Bilateral support 2 (3.3 %) 7 (5.4 %) 4 (12.5 %) 6 (10.2 %)
 Wheelchair/scooter 2 (3.3 %) 10 (7.8 %) 2 (6.3 %) 4 (6.8 %)
During the past 4 weeks how much has your physical health interfered with your social activities?, n (%)
 None of the time 11 (18.0 %) 18 (14.0 %) 3 (9.4 %) 3 (5.1 %)
 A little of the time 18 (29.5 %) 32 (24.8 %) 9 (28.1 %) 10 (16.9 %)
 Some of the time 22 (36.1 %) 46 (35.7 %) 7 (21.9 %) 15 (25.4 %)
 Most of the time 6 (9.8 %) 23 (17.8 %) 9 (28.1 %) 25 (42.4 %)
 All of the time 4 (6.6 %) 10 (7.8 %) 4 (12.5 %) 6 (10.2 %)
Education level, n (%)
 Some high school 0 (0.0 %) 1 (0.8 %) 0 (0.0 %) 0 (0.0 %)
 High school grad or GED 5 (8.2 %) 12 (9.3 %) 3 (9.4 %) 8 (13.6 %)
 Some college 26 (42.6 %) 64 (49.6 %) 11 (34.4 %) 25 (42.4 %)
 Undergraduate degree 15 (24.6 %) 36 (27.9 %) 8 (25.0 %) 13 (22.0 %)
 Postgraduate degree 15 (24.6 %) 15 (11.6 %) 10 (31.3 %) 12 (20.3 %)
 Prefer not to answer 0 (0.0 %) 1 (0.8 %) 0 (0.0 %) 1 (1.7 %)
Household annual income, n (%)
 Prefer not to say 10 (16.4 %) 30 (23.3 %) 9 (28.1 %) 12 (20.3 %)
 Less than $24,999 10 (16.4 %) 25 (19.4 %) 4 (12.5 %) 10 (16.9 %)
 $25,000–39,999 8 (13.1 %) 15 (11.6 %) 4 (12.5 %) 6 (10.2 %)
 $40,000–79,999 16 (26.2 %) 27 (20.9 %) 4 (12.5 %) 18 (30.5 %)
 80,000 to $119,999 7 (11.5 %) 17 (13.2 %) 5 (15.6 %) 6 (10.2 %)
 $120,000 or more 10 (16.4 %) 15 (11.6 %) 6 (18.8 %) 7 (11.9 %)