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Table 2 Generalized linear mixed modeling of outcomes: intention to treat analysis (differences between groups over time)

From: Effects of an integrated neighborhood approach on older people’s (health-related) quality of life and well-being

  Unadjusted overall effectsa Adjusted overall effectsb
Mean (SE) control Mean (SE) intervention Mean difference (95 % CI) p –2 log likelihood AIC Mean (SE) control Mean (SE) intervention Mean difference (95 % CI) p –2 log likelihood AIC
Well-being (SPF-IL) 2.65 (.04) 2.47 (.04) –.18 (–.28 to –.08) <.001 673.799 679.799 2.50 (.60) 2.41 (.60) –.09 (–.17 to –.01) .031 509.924 515.924
Health-related quality of life (EQ-5D-3L) .77 (.01) .73 (.01) –.04 (–.08 to –.01) .014 –538.810 –532.810 .77 (.02) .75 (.02) –.02 (–.05 to .01) .121 −647.945 −641.945
Quality of life (SF-20)
Physical functioning 45.73 (2.32) 33.73 (2.38) –12.00 (–18.53 to –5.47) <.001 5766.759 5772.759 44.21 (3.27) 37.22 (3.22) –6.98 (–11.52 to –2.45) .003 5473.313 5479.313
Role functioning 32.62 (2.87) 22.70 (2.95) –9.92 (–18.00 to –1.83) .016 6117.607 6123.607 36.44 (5.11) 30.63 (5.03) –5.81 (–12.87 to 1.24) .106 5962.798 5968.798
Social functioning 64.02 (2.26) 60.45 (2.33) –3.57 (–9.93 to 2.80) .272 5884.469 5890.469 64.16 (4.07) 64.00 (4.04) –.15 (–5.71 to 5.40) .957 5673.431 5679.431
Mental health 66.19 (1.49) 61.45 (1.53) –4.74 (–8.93 to –.55) .027 5285.270 5291.270 66.98 (2.29) 65.20 (2.26) –1.77 (–4.96 to 1.42) .276 5050.625 5056.625
Current health perceptions 46.58 (.55) 47.06 (.56) .48 (–1.06 to 2.02) .540 4329.900 4335.900 45.99 (1.12) 46.70 (1.10) .71 (–.81 to 2.24) .359 4276.356 4282.356
  1. SE standard error of the mean, CI confidence interval, AIC Akaike’s information criterion, SPF-IL social production function instrument for the level of well-being, EQ-5D-3L five-dimensional, three-level EuroQol, SF-20 short form 20
  2. aExcluding adjusting covariables, but including time
  3. bAdjusted for age, sex, education, income, living situation, morbidity, frailty, time and baseline scores of studied outcomes