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Table 4 Association of Anti-CMV antibodies with Obstetrical, socio-demographical and clinical characteristic of the mother (n = 156) in SPHMMC, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia 2015

From: Maternal and Congenital cytomegalovirus infection and zero rubella IgM prevalence in newborns in St.Paul’s Hospital Millennium Medical College

Characteristics CMV-IgG status COR (95 %CI) P value AOR (95 % CI) P value
Positive n (%) Negative n (%)
Age
 +30 127 (85.2) 5 (71.4) 2.3 (0.42–12.6) 0.33 0.3 (0.03–2.3) 0.22
 31+ 22 (14.8) 2 (28.6) 1    
Income
 +1500 79 (53.0) 2 (28.6) 0.5 (0.04–5.6) 0.56 0.6 (0.1–7.5) 0.68
 1500–2500 51 (34.2) 4 (57.1) 1.5 (0.16–14.2) 0.73 1.6 (0.16-16.5) 0.68
 >2500 19 (12.8) 1 (14.3) 1   1  
Educational status
 Less than 8th grade 73 (49.0) 2 (28.6) 0.42(0.1–2.2) 0.30 0.4 (0.1–2.0) 0.25
 More than 9th grade 76 (51.0) 5 (71.4)     
Occupation
 Housewife 123 (82.6) 6 (85.7) 1.3 (0.15–10.9) 0.83 1.8 (0.2–16.7) 0.61
 Other 26 (17.4) 1 (14.3) 1    
Blood transfusion history
 Yes 10 (6.7) 0 NA    
 No 139 (93.3) 7 (100.0)     
HIV
 Positive 2 (1.3) 0 NA    
 Negative 147 (98.7) 7 (100.0)     
Under five children in the household
 None 87 (58.4 %) 3(42.9) 1    
 1–2 59 (39.6) 3 (42.9) 1.5 (0.28–7.5) 0.64   
 3+ 3 (2.0) 1 (14.3) 9.7 (0.76–122.4) 0.08   
History of abortion
 Yes 43 (28.9) 2 (28.6) 0.9 (0.2–5.3) 0.99 0.8 (0.12–4.8) 0.78
 No 106 (71.1) 5 (71.4) 1   1  
Pregnancy frequency
 +2 104 (41.6) 5 (71.4) 1   1  
 3+ 45 (53.7) 2 (28.6) 1.1 (0.2–5.8) 0.93 2.2 (0.24–20.3) 0.47
  1. COR Crude Odds Ratio, AOR Adjusted Odds Ratio, CI Confidence Interval