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Table 4 Factors associated with MCS Scores across treatment phases amongst sputum smear positive PTB patients in Mbale regional referral hospital

From: Does health-related quality of life among adults with pulmonary tuberculosis improve across the treatment period? A hospital-based cross sectional study in Mbale Region, Eastern Uganda

Factors Pretreatment phase Intensive phase Continuation phase
Unadjusted β (p value) Adjusted β (p value) Unadjusted β (p value) Adjusted β (p value) Unadjusted β (p value) Adjusted β (p value)
Age −0.33 (0.072) −0.14 (0.515) −0.08 (0.536) −0.03 (0.842) −0.36 (0.044) −0.36 (0.040)
Sex
 Male Ref   Ref   Ref  
 Female −1.79 (0.704)   1.85 (0.584)   −1.97 (0.669)  
Marital status
 Married Ref Ref Ref Ref Ref  
 Separated −3.50 (0.549) −0.14 (0.981) −0.44 (0.913) −1.23 (0.767) −3.99 (0.474)  
 Single 6.46 (0.224) −5.15 (0.399) 2.40 (0.606) −0.76 (0.898) 5.60 (0.298)  
Family size
 0–3 Ref   Ref   Ref  
 4+ 4.96 (0.264)   −1.57 (0.670)   6.89 (0.235)  
Education level
 None or primary Ref   Ref   Ref  
 Secondary and above 4.10 (0.351)   −0.89 (0.781)   6.07 (0.176)  
Religion
 Christian Ref Ref Ref   Ref  
 Non-christian 6.20 (0.236) 6.26 (0.202) −1.71 (0.600)   3.09 (0.509)  
HIV co-infection
 Yes Ref   Ref   Ref  
 No −1.85 (0.677)   0.33 (0.919)   −1.66 (0.715)  
Alcohol consumption
 Yes Ref   Ref Ref Ref  
 No −2.98 (0.525)   −3.93 (0.223) −2.30 (0.521) 2.57 (0.586)  
Employment
 No Ref   Ref Ref Ref  
 Yes −5.72 (0.264)   1.84 (0.562) 3.23 (0.355) 0.95 (0.840)  
Occupation
 Formal Ref Ref Ref   Ref  
 Informal −20.11 (<0.001) −20.65 (0.001) −2.44 (0.474)   −4.71 (0.393)  
SES tertiles
 Lowest Ref   Ref Ref Ref Ref
 Middle 3.25 (0.516)   −2.77 (0.414) −3.30 (0.353) 11.87 (0.019) 10.33 (0.038)
 Highest 4.51 (0.454)   6.57 (0.193) 6.70 (0.223) 7.96 (0.169) 8.54 (0.135)
Residence
 Typical rural/village Ref   Ref   Ref  
 Trading center 7.24 (0.102)   −1.29 (0.686)   3.06 (0.507)  
Sputum grade
 1+ Ref   Ref   Ref  
 2+ 5.35 (0.385)   3.47 (0.432)   5.24 (0.405)  
 3+ 2.63 (0.641)   2.98 (0.476)   1.17 (0.836)  
Treatment strategy
 Community-based DOTS Ref   Ref   Ref  
 Facility-based DOTS 6.96 (0.268)   4.69 (0.234)   6.09 (0.368)  
Family disclosure
 No Ref Ref Ref Ref Ref Ref
 Yes 5.16 (0.242) 2.73 (0.524) −3.99 (0.240) −4.19 (0.237) 9.62 (0.065) 7.49 (0.175)
Family support
 Yes Ref Ref Ref   Ref  
 No 7.33 (0.143) 8.15 (0.083) 7.39 (0.066)   −4.89 (0.415)  
Community aware
 Yes Ref   Ref   Ref  
 No 11.40 (0.388)   0.55 (0.864)   3.37 (0.471)  
Community attitude
 Supportive Ref   Ref Ref Ref  
 Not supportive −15.69 (0.030)   0.51 (0.874) 2.81 (0.415) 3.37 (0.471) 0.47 (0.922)
Social support group
 Yes Ref   Ref Ref Ref  
 No 9.21 (0.280)   −5.83 (0.215) −8.08 (0.133) −2.41 (0.679)