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Table 3 Single and co-infections of parasitic agents within age, gravidity and parity

From: Parasitic infections and maternal anaemia among expectant mothers in the Dangme East District of Ghana

Age groups 15–19 n (%) 20–29 n (%) 30–39 n (%) 40–49 n (%) χ2 p value
Plasmodium spp. 18 (4.8) 32 (8.5) 11 (2.9) 1 (0.3) 32.839 <0.001
Schistosoma haematobium 4 (1.1) 10 (2.7) 3 (0.8) 0 (0.0) 5.059 0.080
Intestinal helminths 9 (2.4) 70 (18.7) 16 (4.3) 6 (1.6) 107.800 <0.001
Hookworm 1 (0.3) 10 (2.7) 3 (0.8) 1 (0.3) 14.600 0.020
Ascaris lumbricoides 2 (0.5) 24 (6.4) 6 (1.6) 1 (0.3) 25.750 0.000
Trichuris trichiuria 2 (0.5) 12 (3.2) 6 (1.6) 2 (0.5) 12.182 0.007
Schistosoma mansoni 3 (0.8) 23 (6.1) 1 (0.3) 1 (0.3) 49.143 0.000
Strongyloides 1 (0.3) 4 (1.1) 0 (0.0) 2 (0.5) 2.000 0.368
Taenia spp. 0 (0.0) 3 (0.8) 0 (0.0) 0 (0.0) 0.000 0.166
Co-infection 3 (0.8) 9 (2.4) 3 (0.8) 0 (0.0) 4.800 0.091
Gravidity Primagravid Secondagravid Multigravid
Plasmodium spp. 24 (6.4) 7 (1.9) 31 (8.8) 14.742 0.001
Schistosoma haematobium 5 (1.3) 4 (1.1) 8 (2.1) 1.529 0.465
Intestinal helminths 21 (5.6) 19 (5.1) 61 (16.3) 33.347 <0.001
Hookworm 4 (1.1) 2 (0.5) 9 (2.4) 5.200 0.074
Ascaris lumbricoides 4 (1.1) 7 (1.9) 21 (5.6) 15.438 0.000
Trichuris trichiuria 4 (1.1) 2 (0.5) 16 (4.3) 15.636 0.000
Schistosoma mansoni 7 (1.9) 7 (1.9) 14 (3.7) 3.500 0.174
Strongyloides 1 (0.3) 3 (0.8) 3 (0.8) 1.143 0.565
Taenia spp. 1 (0.3) 0 (0.0) 2 (0.5) 0.333 0.564
Co-infection 4 (1.1) 4 (1.1) 7 (1.9) 1.200 0.549
Parity Nulliparous Primiparous Multiparous
Plasmodium spp. 23 (6.1) 8 (2.1) 31 (8.3) 13.194 0.001
Schistosoma haematobium 4 (1.1) 7 (1.9) 6 (1.6) 1.529 0.662
Intestinal helminths 21 (5.6) 22 (5.9) 58 (15.5) 26.396 <0.001
Hookworm 4 (1.1) 2 (0.5) 9 (2.4) 5.200 0.074
Ascaris lumbricoides 4 (1.1) 8 (2.1) 20 (5.3) 13.000 0.020
Trichuris trichiuria 4 (1.1) 3 (0.8) 15 (4.0) 12.091 0.020
Schistosoma mansoni 7 (1.9) 7 (1.9) 14 (3.7) 3.500 0.174
Strongyloides 1 (0.3) 3 (0.8) 3 (0.8) 1.143 0.565
Taenia spp. 1 (0.3) 1 (0.3) 1 (0.3) 0.000 1.000
Co-infection 4 (1.1) 4 (1.1) 7 (1.9) 0.549 0.549